STUDY GUIDE – HUMAN SEXUALITY #2 AROUSAL AND RESPONSE Testosterone Effect on behavior Influence on males and females Free Oxytocin PEA Dopamine vs. Serotonin Endorphins Brain’s role in arousal Limbic system Hypothalamus Cerebral Cortex The Senses Touch Erogenous Zones Where & Why Vision Differences? Aphrodisiacs Anaphrodisiacs Arousal Kaplan – desire Masters & Johnson 4 stages Excitement Engorgement Vasocongestion Plateau Orgasmic platform Orgasm Differences? LOVE, ATTRACTION, ETC. Rubin’s Love Scale Passionate love Companionate Love Duration, changes, aspects, etc. Sternberg’s Triangular … Attraction Attraction Proximity – Mere Exposure effect Sociobiological view Attachment Influence on adult relationships Views of love & sex Questions that must be answered Breaking off relationships SEXUAL COMMUNICATION Mutual empathy Obstacles to Communication Tannen’s uses of language Talking about sex How to start? Attitudes – unconditional regard Types of Questions Normative Male Alexithymia Complaints vs. criticisms Gottman’s constructive & destructive tactics 1) Lay out exactly how you would discuss a sexual “situation” with your partner. 2) What 3 items of information from the materials on Communication did you find most interesting or helpful? 3) What are the stages of sexual response as proposed by Kaplan and Masters & Johnson? Differences? 4) What would you say to a friend who asked you to suggest an aphrodisiac? 5) How has recent physiological research explained the high we experience in intimate relationships?