NAME OF RESEARCH PROJECT: Mitigation of the Impacts of Tornadoes in Canada FUNDING AGENCY: University Funding STUDENT RESEARCHER: Samanthi Walawe Durage LEVEL OF THE PROJECT: PhD SUPERVISOR AND CO-SUPERVISORS: Dr. S.C. Wirasinghe, Dr. J.Y. Ruwanpura START DATE: January 2010 END DATE: December 2012 (Expected) DESCRIPTION OF THE RESEARCH PROJECT: Tornadoes are nature’s most violent storms with rotating columns of high velocity winds capable of creating incredible amount of damage and significant numbers of fatalities and injuries. The main focus of this research is to study, analyze, model, simulate and propose improvements to plans and systems to mitigate the impacts of tornadoes in Canada considering the process from tornado detection to evacuation. The sequence of activities in the process of tornado detection, warning, decision making communication and evacuation is identified and a network is developed taking the City of Calgary as the case study area. Modeling the sequence of activities is carried out using the network modeling approach. The network is simulated using the DSSS template of the Simphony software with proper time distributions for activities. Based on the results of the model analysis, policy implications are provided to improve the tornado warning and communication system in Canada. PUBLICATIONS: Conference papers (full paper published) 1. Durage, S.W., Ruwanpura, J.Y., Wirasinghe, S.C., Preliminary Analysis of the Decision-Making and Communication Network for Tornado Warning and Evacuation in Canada, WFEO Committee on Disaster Risk Management Panel Session, World Engineers’ Convention (WEC2011), Geneva, Switzerland, September 4-9, 2011,pp. 50 -60. Conference papers (full paper published -peer reviewed) 1. Durage, S.W., Ruwanpura, J.Y., Wirasinghe, S.C., Application of Network Modeling for Fire Fighting Operations Response Time Minimization, Proceedings of the International Conference on Building Resilience, International Institute for Infrastructure Renewal and Reconstruction (IIIRR), Kandalama, Sri Lanka, July 19 – 21, 2011, 11 pages. Conference presentations 1. Durage, S.W., Wirasinghe, S.C., Ruwanpura, J.Y., Evacuation Strategies for Tornadoes, Three-University Annual Conference, Lake Louise, Canada, July 79, 2011. Conference abstracts Durage, S.W., Ruwanpura, J.Y., Wirasinghe, S.C., A Preliminary Network on Tornado Warning for Alberta, Proceedings of the International Conference on Disaster Management, International Institute for Infrastructure Renewal and Reconstruction (IIIRR), Hawaii, USA, November 15-16, 2010, pp 2.