Causes and Effects of Exploration

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Name: ___________________________________________________________________Period: __________ Date: __________
Causes and Effects of Exploration
Standard: Analyze the impact of the age of discovery and expansion into the Americas, Africa, and Asia.
Essential Question: What was the impact of the age of discovery and expansion into the Americas, Africa,
and Asia?
Explain the role of improved technology in European exploration; include the astrolabe.
Reasons for Exploration
1. Marco Polo:
2. Ottoman Empire:
3. God :
4. Gold:
5. Glory:
6. European Monarchs:
7. Technology:
New Technology
Technology
Compass
Map
Sextant
Astrolabe
Sail
Description
Essential Question: What was the impact of the age of discovery and expansion into the Americas, Africa,
and Asia?
Define the Columbian Exchange and its global economic and cultural impact.
Columbian Exchange
Examples
Old World
Mercantilism
Definition:
Impact on Slavery:
New World
Trans-Atlantic Trade:
Explorers: Cause/Effect
Standard: Analyze the impact of the age of discovery and expansion into the Americas, Africa, and Asia.
Essential Question: What was the impact of the age of discovery and expansion into the Americas, Africa,
and Asia?
Reasons for Exploration
1. Marco Polo: fascinated by Marco Polo’s account of his travels to the court of Kublai Khan and the exotic East
2. Ottoman Empire: made traveling to the East by land difficult in the fourteenth-century. Europeans wanted a route
by sea
3. God : the desire to spread the Catholic faith to native peoples
4. Gold: the desire for wealth was a large part of European expansion. Merchants, adventurers, and government
officials hoped to find precious metals in and expand trade with the East, especially trade in spices
5. Glory: Adventure comprised another motive for European expansion
6. European Monarchs: had expanded their power and resources to a point of being able to support ambitious
expansion by the fifteenth century
7. Technology: reached a level of technology that made a series of regular, long voyages possible
Examples of Technology
Technology
Description
Sextant
Astrolabe
Caravel
Essential Question: What was the impact of the age of discovery and expansion into the Americas, Africa,
and Asia?
Columbian Exchange
Examples
Old World
Mercantilism
Definition:
Impact on Slavery:
New World
Trans-Atlantic Trade:
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