7.8.1 Dictionary.doc - to visit Mr. Johnson.org

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Dictionary of Important Words
7.8.1
Describe the way in which the revival of classical learning and the arts fostered a new
interest in humanism (i.e. a balance between intellect and religious faith)
● Revival of Classical Learning and Arts
Secularism
-The view that religion need not be the center of human affairs
Secularism meets the standard because it is the view of original classic learning
Vernacular
- Everyday spoken language of the people
Vernacular meets the standard because it was developed as classic learning was revived
Niccolo Machiavelli
-Author who wrote a secular book heavily influenced by politics
Niccolo Machiavelli meets the standard because he is an author who was successful because of the
revival of classical learning
Renaissance Art
- Art that focused on glorifying the artist and giving appreciation rather than painting in secret and only
glorifying God
Renaissance art meets the standard because it is a revival of classical arts beliefs
New Art Materials
-Materials such as animal hair brushes and oil paints that made Renaissance art more realistic
New art materials, meets the standard because they hark back to when art was realistic and meaningful
in the days of classical art
Harmony and Proportion
-Ideas that made Renaissance art realistic based on Greek ideas
Harmony and proportion meets the standard because it is what the classic Greeks thought of
● Interest in Humanism
Humanism
-a cultural movement of the Renaissance based on the study of classical works
Humanism meets the standard because it is in the standard
AHellin Period 4
Individualism
-the belief in the importance of the individual, as opposed to the larger community
Individualism meets the standard because it is an aspect of the interest in humanism
Medieval Focus
-The medieval focus of life was to prepare for religious life
Medieval focus meets the standard because it is the opposite of Humanism focus
Humanism Focus
-The Humanism focus of life was to enjoy life and achieve excellence in all things
Humanism focus meets the standard because it is the opposite of medieval focus
Medieval Art
-Stiff, unrealistic, painted in egg based paint, mostly about religious subjects
Medieval art meets the standard because it is the opposite of Renaissance art
Renaissance Art
-Emotional, realistic, painted in oil paint, mostly about secular subjects
Renaissance art meets the standard because it is the opposite of medieval art
AHellin Period 4
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