# Use properties of operations to generate equivalent expressions ```Grade/Course: Grade 7
Instructional Unit 2: Expressions and Equations
Instructional Schedule: First/Second Nine Weeks (suggested for 45 days)
( Bold text is new content )
Standards:
Use properties of operations to
generate equivalent expressions
Evidence Of Standard:
(student should be able to…)
Prerequisite Knowledge:
(standards linked to content taught in
th
Refer to the listed 6 grade standards:
6.EE.2.c; 6.EE.3; 6.EE.4
Provide information concerning linear
expressions.
7.EE.1 Apply properties of operations
as strategies to add, subtract, factor,
and expand linear expressions with
rational coefficients.
7.EE.2 Understand that rewriting an
expression in different forms in a
problem context can shed light on
the problem and how the quantities
in it are related. For example, a +
0.05a = 1.05a means that “increase
by 5%” is the same as “multiply by
1.05.”
Solve real-life and mathematical
problems using numerical and
algebraic expressions and
equations
7.EE.4 Use variables to represent
quantities in a real-world or
mathematical problem, and construct
simple equations and inequalities to
the quantities.
a. Solve word problems leading to
equations of the form px + q = r and
p(x + q) = r, where p, q, and r are
specific rational numbers. Solve
equations of these forms fluently.
Compare an algebraic solution to an
th
Refer to the listed 6 grade standards:
6.EE.5; 6.EE.6; 6.EE.7; 6.EE.8;
Assessment Tools:
( formative assessments, quizzes,
arithmetic solution, identifying the
sequence of the operations used in
each approach. For example, the
perimeter of a rectangle is 54 cm. Its
length is 6 cm. What is its width?
b. Solve word problems leading to
inequalities of the form px + q &gt; r or
px + q &lt; r, where p, q, and r are
specific rational numbers. Graph the
solution set of the inequality and
interpret it in the context of the
problem. For example: As a
salesperson, you are paid \$50 per
week plus \$3 per sale. This week you
want your pay to be at least \$100.
Write an inequality for the number of
sales you need to make, and describe
the solutions.
Solve real-life mathematical
problems involving angle
measure, area, surface area, and
volume.
7.G.4 Know the formulas for the area
and circumference of a circle and use
them to solve problems; give an
informal derivation of the
relationship between the
circumference and area of a circle.
( list possible task/activities students could engage in within this unit)
Standards for Mathematical Practice:
(highlight practice standards to be emphasized in the instructional unit)
1. Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them.
2. Reason abstractly and quantitatively.
3. Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others.
4. Model with mathematics.
5. Use appropriate tools strategically.
6. Attend to precision.
7. Look for and make use of instruction.
8. Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning.
6.EE.2. c. Evaluate expressions at specific values of their variables. Include expressions that arise from formulas used in real-world problems. Perform
arithmetic operations, including those involving whole number exponents, in the conventional order when there are no parentheses to specify a particular
order (Order of Operations). For example, use the formulas V = s3 and A = 6 s2 to find the volume and surface area of a cube with sides of length s = 1/2.
6.EE.3 Apply the properties of operations to generate equivalent expressions. For example, apply the distributive property to the expression 3 (2 + x) to produce
the equivalent expression 6 + 3x; apply the distributive property to the expression 24x + 18y to produce the equivalent expression 6 (4x + 3y); apply properties of
operations to y + y + y to produce the equivalent expression 3y.
6.EE.4 Identify when two expressions are equivalent (i.e., when the two expressions name the same number regardless of which value is substituted into
them). For example, the expressions y + y + y and 3y are equivalent because they name the same number regardless of which number y stands for.
6.EE.5 Understand solving an equation or inequality as a process of answering a question: which values from a specified set, if any, make the equation or
inequality true? Use substitution to determine whether a given number in a specified set makes an equation or inequality true.
6.EE.6 Use variables to represent numbers and write expressions when solving a real-world or mathematical problem; understand that a variable can represent
an unknown number, or, depending on the purpose at hand, any number in a specified set.
6.EE.7 Solve real-world and mathematical problems by writing and solving equations of the form x + p = q and px = q for cases in which p, q and x are all
nonnegative rational numbers.
6.EE.8 Write an inequality of the form x &gt; c or x &lt; c to represent a constraint or condition in a real- world or mathematical problem. Recognize that
inequalities of the form x &gt; c or x &lt; c have infinitely many solutions; represent solutions of such inequalities on number line diagrams.
```