William Menelaus Memorial Lecturers 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1940 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 1952 1954 1957 1960 1963 1965 1967 1970 1971 1973 1976 1977 1979 1981 1983 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Sir William H Bragg KBE FRS DSc H.C.H. Carpenter FRS MA PhD Hon DSc(Wales) W.H. Hatfield DSc FRS H.G.A. Hickling DSc FRS F.S. Sinnatt CB DSc J.W. Cobb CBE BSc FIC C.A. Edwards DSc FRS C.H. Desch DSc FRS W.T. David MA ScD DSc MInstCE B.P. Haigh MBE DSc MInstCE C.H. Lander CBE DSc MInstCE W.M. Thornton OBE DSc DEng Sir Arthur P.M. Bleming CBE DEng MSc(Tech) MIMechE MIEE Sir Lewis L. Fermor OBE DSc FRS C.G. Morley MIEE Douglas Hay MC BSc MInstCE P.B. Moon MA PhD FRS W.F. Cartwright DL MIMechE W. Idris Jones CBE BSc PhD MIMinE MIChemE FRIC Sir William Halcrow MInstCE Sir Charles F. Goodeve OBE DSc FRS T.E. Allibone PhD DSc FRS MIEE Sir Willis Jackson DSc MIEE FRS Sir Humphrey Browne CBE MA MIMinE Sir William Penney KBE FRS MA PhD DSc Sir Paul Chambers KBE DB CIE Lord Pilkington Dr. K. Mallanby CBE DSc FIBiol Sir Kingsley Dunham FRS Sir Derek Ezra Dr. Walter Marshall CBE FRS Sir Joseph Pope DSc (Hon) LLtd FBIM CEng FIMechE Sir Peter Gadsden CBE MA DSc FEng Lord Caldecott Prof. J. Notting Colin Kirkland G. Adler OBE Dr. Hugh Scott-Russell CEng FSAIMM Sir Keith Stuart MA FRSA CBIM FCIT Sir Robert May FRS Dr. Elizabeth Haywood CIMgt FRSA Dr. David Grant CBE FREng Sir Peter Williams CBE FREng FRS Sir Alec Broers FREng FRS Sir David Davies FREng FRS Sir Gareth Roberts FREng FRS Sir John Chisholm FREng FRS Sir Richard Friend FREng FRS Lord Browne of Madingley FREng FRS The South Wales Institute of Engineers Educational Trust 2007 Chairman: Prof. D. Vernon Morgan The 50th William Menelaus Memorial Lecture Celebrating the 25th Anniversary of WISE (Women into Science, Engineering and Construction) “Towards a Silent Aircraft” Presented by: Professor Dame Ann Dowling DBE FREng FRS Head of the Department of Engineering, Cambridge University 6.00pm, Wednesday 2nd December 2009 In the Birt Acres Lecture Theatre, Bute Building, Cathays Park, Cardiff The 50th William Menelaus Memorial Lecture Ann Dowling is Professor of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Cambridge and Head of the Department of Engineering. She was the Director of the University Gas Turbine Partnership with Rolls-Royce from 2001-2009 and led the UK activity on the Silent Aircraft Initiative. She works primarily in the fields of combustion, acoustics, vibration and fluid mechanics. She is a Fellow of the Royal Society, Royal Academy of Engineering (Vice-President 1999-2002) and is a Foreign Associate of the US National Academy of Engineering and of the French Academy of Sciences. She has served on a number of industry and government advisory committees, and was appointed CBE by the Queen for services to Mechanical Engineering in 2002, and made a ‘Dame’ for services to Science in 2007. The South Wales Institute of Engineers Educational Trust (SWIEET2007) The Institute was founded in 1857 and granted a Royal Charter of Incorporation in 1881. It devotes itself “to the encouragement and advancement of Engineering Science and Practice”, and was “established to facilitate the exchange of information and ideas amongst its members, and to place on record the results of experience”. In carrying out these functions, the Institute played its part in advancing technical knowledge and, through its individual members, has made important research contributions in many fields, through to 2007. In 2007, the Institute agreed to wind up its Learned Society functions, and to transfer all its funds into an Educational Trust. The Trust has agreed to continue with the Menelaus Lecture and Dinner as part of its activities. The Institute now makes Bursary, merit and other awards, to both individual engineering students and educational establishments, and increasingly focuses upon “youth into engineering”, expanding into schools. 25 Years of WISE The Silent Aircraft Initiative (SAI) was launched with the aim of developing a conceptual design for an aircraft whose noise would be almost imperceptible outside the perimeter of an urban airport. The project has been carried out through collaboration between about 40 researchers at the University of Cambridge, MIT and a ‘Knowledge Integration Community’ which includes many different stakeholders, including industry, government and academia. Avoiding some traditional aircraft noise sources requires a major rethink about the aircraft configuration and much greater integration between the engines and airframe. The emerging conceptual design, SAX40, is predicted to achieve a radical reduction in noise and to use 25% less fuel per passenger mile than the best of current aircraft. The ideas behind the design will be discussed and illustrated in the lecture. In response to the extremely low representation of women in science and engineering careers, the Equal Opportunities Commission in 1984 expressed that “the engineering industry can no longer afford to neglect the talent and ability which women have to offer”. Its Chair, Baroness Platt, mobilised the initiative to collaborate with the Engineering Council to create WISE ’84, which is an ongoing national campaign, collaborating with industry and education to encourage UK girls of school age to value and pursue STEM or construction related courses in school or college, and to move on into related careers. 1987 marked the launch of the five signature WISE buses. These were inaugurated by Margaret Thatcher and offered girls the opportunity to take part in physics, mathematics and technology experiments onboard. This, and other activities impressed Her Royal Highness, The Princess Royal, who has been a loyal supporter and Royal Patron of WISE ever since. WISE is still going strong as it celebrates its 25th anniversary. It has a regional committee network active in Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland tackling the challenges facing girls interested in science, engineering and construction careers. Terry Marsh, Executive Director of WISE, shares her strategy for the future, “The easy wins have been won. Although we have doubled the number of female engineering students at university, this happened more than five years ago and numbers have now stopped increasing. We must now change our approach and adopt new creative measures to reach even more girls.” Perhaps success would mean it does not celebrate its 50th anniversary.