Name: ______________________________________ Date: _______________ Chapter 11: Weather and the Water Cycle Science Test Study Guide Vocabulary: Please review the following vocabulary words and terms for the assessment. continental polar local winds ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. air pressure troposphere continental tropical humidity atmosphere water cycle maritime polar condensation maritime tropical air temperature weather evaporation climate prevailing winds water cycle The process by which water changes from a gas to a liquid. The movement of water from Earth, to the atmosphere, and back to Earth. The blanket of air surrounding Earth. The weight of the atmosphere pressing down on Earth. The layer of air closest to Earth’s surface. The process by which water in a fish tank disappears over time. Science Concepts Discover the answer to each of the following statements/questions. 9. Name what causes prevailing winds to move in curved path. 10. Create a true statement based on your knowledge of cold and warm air masses. _________air is denser than _________ air; _________air exerts more pressure. 11. Name where most of Earth’s weather happen. 12. Name the type of a wind that blows constantly from the same direction. 13. Name what has a great effect on humidity. Open Ended QUESTIONS Please take the time to construct a thorough paragraph answering all parts of the question. (ATTACH PAPER) Inquiry Skills 14. It is a cold, rainy day. The weather forecast is for the next day to be warm and sunny. What would you predict about the amount of evaporation that will take place on the warm, sunny day? Explain. Critical Thinking 15. The diagram shows the wind blowing from the ocean to the beach. Part A: In which direction does the wind blow? Explain why this happens. Part B: Why is the seashore a comfortable place to be on hot summer days? Explain.