sces-2015-0143

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SCIENCE CHINA
Earth Sciences
• RESEARCH PAPER •
December 2015 Vol.58 No.12: 1–3
doi: 10.1007/s11430-015-5223-2
Appendix 1 Conjugate angle of kink-bands and shear bandsa)
110°–120°
~115°
~115°
130°
110°–120°
Shortening
normal to anisotropic layering (N); parallel to (P);
oblique to (O)
P
0–30°
P
P
P
Paterson and Weiss (1966)
Gay and Weiss (1974)
Asselin (1975)
Price and Cosgrove (1990)
Anderson (1964, 1974)
105°–109°
P
Hobbs et al. (1976)
101°–118°
P
slate
108°–115°
P
E
E
N
N
N
N
N
E
E
E
N
N
E
N
Sandstone and limestone
putty
Layering mud
Quartz schist
Calci schist
Carbonates
Felsic mylonite
Clay
Putty and paraffin
putty
Felsic mylonite
Gneiss and schist
Plasticine
Felsic mylonite
111°
~110°
113°
124°
135°
115°
122°–124°
102°–120°
117°
106°
111°
109°
100°
~120°/95°–104°
P
P/N
P
P
p
23*
E
Putty and paraffin
105°–107°
24*
N
~110°
N
25
E
~117°
O/N
Williams and Price (1990)
26
27
28*
29*
30
31
32
33
34*
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
E
N
N
N
E
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N+E
Felsic mylonites
Artificial KCI-mica
schist
putty
Various rocks
Gneisses
Muscovite,
quartz
Felsic mylonite
cordierite
Felsic mylonites
Felsic mylonite
Various rocks
Felsic mylonite
Siltstone and shale
Felsic mylonites
Fault-gouge
Felsic mylonites
shaly sylvinite
Roberts (cf. Johnson, 1977)
Ramsay (1984); Ramsay and Huber
(1987)
Friedman and Logan (1973)
Cosgrove (1976)
Ujiie et al. (2004)
Hu and Niu (1987)
Niu et al. (1990)
Iqbaluddin et al. (1978)
Little et al. (2011)
Yan et al. (2011)
Kindan and Cosgrove (1996)
Price and Cosgrove (1990)
Platt and Vissers (1980)
Park (1981)
Harris and Cobbold (1985)
Harris and Cobbold (1985)
Wolderkidan, in Price and Cosgrove
(1990)
White (1979);White et al. (1980)
106°
108.3°
100°–110
~110°
~110°
107°
109°
9°–104°
~120°
115°
103°
110°
109°
110°
106°–110°
109°–110°
N
N
N
N
P
N
N
N
P
N
N
P
N
N
N
N
42
E
Different Plasticine
103°–121°
N/O
Price and Cosgrove (1990)
Angen et al. (2014)
Halbich (1978)
Wang et al. (2002)
Vernooij et al. (2006)
Cottle et al. (2007)
Kruhl et al. (2007)
Kurz and Northrup (2008)
Zhang et al. (1998)
Zhang et al. (2012)
Zhang et al. (2010)
Zheng et al. (2011)
Gillam et al. (2014)
Zheng et al. (2011)
Calamita et al. (2012)
Watterson (1999)
Gomez-Rivas (2008); Gomez-Rivas
and Griera (2012)
No.
Natural (N) or experimental (E)
1*
2*
3*
4*
5*
E
E
E
E
N/E
6*
N
7*
N
Phyllite
Slate and cards
putty
putty
Slate and siltstones
Slate, shale and sandstone
slate
8
N
9*
10*
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19*
20*
21*
22*
Material(s) involved
Conjugate angle in
shortening direction
N
P
N
N
N
N
N
N
References
a) Data with star from Appendix 1 in Zheng et al. (2004); average value of conjugate angle is 111.2°
© Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015
earth.scichina.com
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2
Zheng Y D, et al.
Sci China Earth Sci
December (2015) Vol.58 No.12
Appendix 2 (a) Kink band and associated en-echelon extensional vein array (From Photograph of the month, Journal of Structural Geology, 2012, vol. 45).
(b) Based on the modified triangle diagram (Dabacker et al., 2008), the kink band development has lead a small internal volume increase of ~5% (Sintubin et
al., 2012).
Appendix 3 Regional conjugate shear zones in Archaean granite-greenstone terrain of the Western Superior Province, Canada. Adapted from Park (1981).
Zheng Y D, et al.
Sci China Earth Sci
December (2015) Vol.58 No.12
3
Appendix 4 Progressive homogeneous deformation and deformation localization of kink-bans and shear bands. The solid circles represent nondeformed or
extremely low-strained domains. The bulk deformation is accommodated through strain localization, leaving the circled areas nearly strain free. Deformed
domains grow through consuming of the nondeformed/low-strained ones. Note that the predicted initial conjugate angle of 90 (2×45) predicted by homogeneous-deformation theory would increase with progressive deformation, whereas that predicted by MEM Criterion remains constant. The evolution of kink
and shear band are constructed based on the experimental data of Paterson and Weiss (1966) and Gomez-Rivas and Griera (2012).
Appendix 5 Conjugate shear bands of deformed single quartz in cross polarized light (a) and in orientation map from EBSD scans (b) (Vernooij et al.,
2006).
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