Ch 12 and 13: The 1920s

Refresh your memory questions
Ch 12 and 13: The 1920s
1. Explain the connection between the red scare and unions.
2. What motivated people to leave rural life behind and move to the cities?
3. Explain the teapot dome scandal.
4. Explain why prohibition was so difficult to enforce, and be sure to note how people
from urban and rural areas probably felt about the law.
5. Explain why farmers struggled to survive in the 1920s.
6. What caused the dust bowl?
7. How did rural and urban people feel about the Scopes Monkey trial? What were the
participants in the trial fighting over?
8. What was Louis Armstrong’s contribution to the Harlem Renaissance?
Ch 14 and 15: The 1930s
9. Explain how Hoover responded to the Depression? What did Hoover refuse to do to
help people?
10. What was the Bonus army and what did they do?
11. Put these presidents in the order that they were elected president: FDR, Harding,
Coolidge, Wilson, Hoover.
12. What is the difference between “speculation” and “buying on margin”?
13. What is the connection between Hoovervilles and the suicide rate during the
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Refresh your memory questions
14. What was the Hawley-Smoot Tariff? What was its unintended global consequence?
15. One of the most significant pieces of New Deal legislation was the Federal Securities
Act, which created the SEC. What does the SEC do?
16. Match these New Deal initiatives with the idea that best describes them: Works
Progress Administration, Social Security Act, Civilian Conservation Corps… Long term
economic boost, create jobs, and care for the environment.
17. Was FDR a liberal or a conservative? Was he a democrat or a republican? Explain.
18. FDR was a determined, confident leader who preferred to get his way. What did he
fail to do to the judicial branch when they disagreed with him? What was the purpose of
this attack on the judicial branch?
19. Why did FDR order farmers to destroy some of their crops? Why did this anger the
people living in urban Hoovervilles?
Ch 16 and 17: World War II (and part of Ch 11: World War I)
20. Explain isolationism and its effect on America in World War I?
21. Why did the US senate reject Wilson’s 14 points and the US membership in the
League of Nations?
22. How did World War I affect women’s suffrage?
23. What is appeasement and how does it relate to the early days of World War II?
24. What did Hitler, Mussolini, Stalin, and Franco have in common?
25. What was the name of the treaty that ended World War I? Why was it so important
that the German people hated the treaty?
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Refresh your memory questions
26. What country did Britain and France allow Hitler to take because of the policy of
appeasement? What country did Hitler attack that finally forced Britain and France to
declare war?
27. What did Germany do during the Battle of Britain? What was the Germans’ goal?
Why was the outcome so significant?
28. This threatening German military unit was often referred to as ‘wolfpacks’ or
‘Rattlesnakes of the Atlantic’. U-Boats # 46
29. The people of Poland are still mad at the Germans and another country that invaded
Poland during World War II. What is the other country?
30. How did FDR feel about entering the war? What was the Lend-Lease act and how
did it work toward FDR’s goals?
31. Women who wanted to join the military could be part of the WAAC. What does
WAAC stand for and what was the function of its members?
32. The Russians defeated the Germans at the battle of Stalingrad, which cost many lives,
and is part of the reason that more Russians died that any other group in World War II.
Why were the Russians unhappy with the other Allies after the battle?
33. Who was the Allied commander in Europe? Who was the US commander in the
34. What is inflation (in an economic sense)? Why were the prices of consumer goods
inflated during World War II?
35. Why did FDR order the internment of Japanese Americans? Why did Truman use the
A-Bomb against Japan?
36. What act of Congress allowed returning veterans to go to college for free?
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Refresh your memory questions
37. What were the ‘Zoot Suit Riots’ and why were they an example of racial tension in
Ch 18: The Cold War
38. What is the difference between capitalism and socialism?
39. What is the Truman doctrine? What was Joseph McCarthy’s contribution to the
40. Explain the cause of the Berlin Airlift.
41. Where did Chinese nationalists run to when they lost control of southern and eastern
China to the communists / Mao Zedong in 1947?
42. The Soviets joined the UN Security Council, but boycotted the vote in favor of
protecting South Korea because the UN had allowed another communist country to join
the council. Which country were the Soviets boycotting?
43. What do we call the border between North and South Korea? Who won the Korean
war, and how did the outcome effect the location of the border?
44. Explain how Eisenhower responded to the Soviets’ rejection of his “open skies”
45. How did America respond when the Soviets detonated their first atomic bomb?
46. What was the Eisenhower doctrine? What region of the world was Ike worried about
the Soviets attacking?
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