Plato on what’s REAL Ontology (Kinds of Being) A: FORMS B: MATERIAL OBJECTS Properties of… Universal Transcendent Immutable Pure/Simple Perfect Archetypes Ultimately Real “Causes” Particular Located in space/time Transitory Impure/Complex Imperfect Copies Reality is Dependent “Effects” Further, the FORMS themselves are systematically interconnected into a heirarchy of perfection. THE DISTINCTNESS THESIS: The FORMS are completely distinct from and have greater reality than the particular material objects that merely copy or mimic them. How do we know that the FORMS are “more real” than material objects? Plato relies on two main arguments: 1. Metaphysical arguments based on dependence. 2. Epistemological arguments based on objectivity.