Natural Resource Management Education Strategies: A partnership Between, Academe, Local Government Units and Community in Sogod Bay Area Veronica L. Reoma*, Nestor O. Morales*, Gloria M. Reyes** and Valerio B. Cabalo *** *Science Research Specialist II, **President and ***VP RDE Southern Leyte State University- Sogod, Southern Leyte Philippines 6606 053-382 -3264/ 3264, www.slsuonline.edu.ph Abstract Forest and aqua-marine areas degradation give an alarming concerned of the Local Chief Executives and the National leaders because the end result of these are the natural calamities such as the rockslide observed in Guinsaugon, St. Bernard, landslides in Liloan and San Ricardo, and siltation of Subang Daku river in Sogod, Southern. The government has already enacted laws and measures dedicated to the natural resources management as early as 1970’s. Inspite of this existing systems people in the locality are still very passive in the actual implementation and preservation of the environment, thus, this study is conducted by the Southern Leyte State University to foster education as a potent management tool to promote knowledge, awareness and practices for the restoration of the environment in Sogod Bay area and to analyze the dynamics behind a successful partnership of the academe, the Local Government Units of selected Sogod Bay Barangays and the community in sustaining the Natural Resource Management. The most significant output that can be attributed to this activity is the enhancement of collaboration between the LGUs, community and academe to sustain NRM and the increase in community’s participation to its activities. Natural Resource Management Education Strategies: A partnership Between, Academe, Local Government Units and Community in Sogod Bay Area Veronica L. Reoma*, Nestor O. Morales*, Gloria M. Reyes** and Valerio B. Cabalo *** *Science Research Specialist II, **President and ***VP RDE Southern Leyte State University- Sogod, Southern Leyte Philippines 6606 053-382 -3264/ 3294, www.slsuonline.edu.ph Introduction Forest and coastal areas are one of the most important natural resources in Southern Leyte. In 1939 forest covered 42% of the land area but it has decreased to 12% in 1987 (Ender, 2004) an estimated loss of 240,000 hectares. The main causes of the forest losses were, large scale logging operations and extensive conversion of the forest land into agricultural areas like coconut, rice and abaca. The phenomena give an alarming concerned of the Local Chief Executives and the National leaders because the end result of this are the natural calamities such as the rockslide observed in Guinsaugon, St. Bernard, landslides in Liloan and San Ricardo, Southern Leyte. Even before the recent catastrophes, the government has already enacted laws and measures dedicated to the natural resources management as early as 1970’s. The latest program is the Community-Based Forest Management program (CBFM) implemented in the year 1996 by the DENR Administrative Order under DAO 96-29 as a strategy to protect the declining natural resources in the uplands. Recently the DENR has issued another Administrative order No. 2000-44, amending certain provisions of DAO 96-29 and providing specific guidelines for the establishment and management of Community-Based Projects within the protected areas. Rules and regulations for the implementation of Executive Order No. 263, otherwise known as the Community- Based Forest Management Strategy is hereby amended to align it with the provisions of republic Act 7586, otherwise known as the National Integrated Protected Areas Systems (NIPAS) Act of 1992. On the otherhand, The CRM network in Southern Leyte operates in the entire nineteen municipalities in the province The Coastal Resource Management Network was born in July 2002 with Leyte Island Program (LIP) in collaboration with GTZ and the Provincial Coastal Resource Management Office (PCRMO) as the organizer. The Network is composed of the PO’s, NGOs, LGUs, Academe and Government Line Agencies conducting or involving CRM activities in the province. However, inspite of this existing systems people in the locality are still very passive in the actual implementation and preservation of the environment as evidenced by massive burning of plastic and crop residues, wastes disposal is still a problem and rampant violations against the mother earth both in the forest and in the seas are frequently observed. Thus, this study is conducted by the Southern Leyte State University to foster education as a potent tool to give promote knowledge, awareness and practices for the restoration of the environment in Sogod Bay area. Objectives General This study is conducted to foster education as a potent tool to promote knowledge, awareness and practices for the restoration of the environment in Sogod Bay area and to analyze the dynamics behind a successful partnership of the academe, the Local Government Units of selected Sogod Bay Barangays and the community in sustaining the Natural Resource Management. Specific: 1. to determine the perceive needs and environmental problems and issues of the selected communities in Sogod bay area; 2. to create an effective strategy/ies to restore the environment; 3. to assist the day care centers and elementary schools in inculcating the Natural Resource Management (NRM); 4. to identify, enhance and strengthen linkages with agencies supporting the NRM concerns; and 5. to propose recommendations and identified solutions for the sustainability of the NRM project in Sogod bay area. Methodologies and Strategies of Implementation a. Gathering of Baseline data This activity is a research cum extension activity. Using the purposive sampling of municipalities where SLSU external campuses are located and random sampling for barangays and its respondents, a questionnaire was fielded to assess the knowledge, awareness and practices of the local residents on Natural Resource Management (NRM), training needs and problems and issues and proposed solutions related to the environment were gathered. Data gathered were tabulated and analyzed using descriptive statistics. The following 5 municipalities were identified, Silago, San Juan, Sogod, Bontoc and Tomas Oppus. Sample respondents were taken randomly from the selected pilot barangays of each SLSU external campuses using the sloven formula for the total number of respondents. There were 541 respondents distributed as follows: Sogod 142 Hinunangan 102 Bontoc 93 143 Tomas Oppus 102 SanJuan Figure 1. The number of respondents and the places where the project is conducted 101 Secondary data were gathered from the Provincial Planning Development Office of Southern Leyte and the Municipal Planning Office of the sample municipalities. The data gathered were the projects conducted in the municipalities related to NRM and its stakeholdersfrom 2005-2010, NRM priority needs and alternative livelihood priorities . A series of Focus Group Discussion (FGD) was also employed to gather the opinion of the NRM implementers, Local Chief Executives and Barangay residents. b. NRM stakeholders linkages SLSU recalled the Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) signed between public and private agencies related to Natural Resource Management. Assigned focal person per project signed by the university. The university actively coordinated and link with other institutions for human, financial resources to activate the organizations and other networks. Meetings and workshops were conducted to assess status of collaboration and planning for the next 10 years of activities to strengthen collaboration to restore the environment. c. Education Management Strategies c.1. Elementary Pupils One of the major activities of the project is to educate not only the adults but the children as well. SLSU in coordination with the Local Chief Executives through the barangay captain and the DEPEd are launching a program called Alternative Learning System (ALS). This is the program where feeding and environmental awareness and advocacy is being enhanced through film showing, lectures and workshops with the pupils. Leaflets and flyers were disseminated, Instructional Materials (IMs) were also enhanced by providing additional learning materials like books, visual aids, tables, cabinets and television sets and construction of comfort rooms to selected barangays. Day care centers were the target beneficiaries of the program since it is in this growth stage where young children are fast learning. They are told to practice not to throw garbage especially non decomposable items anywhere instead tucked it in their pockets if trash cans are not yet available. The process of waste management is introduced the early stage of child development. c.2. Adults and Farmers Adults like the parents and senior citizens were also included during the FGD, workshops and trainings on Solid Waste Management and Health and Sanitation issues. Farmers were also included by promoting organic production like the use of compost and vermicomposting. This program is in collaboration with the Office of the Provincial Agriculture and Municipal Agriculture Office. Farmers were trained how to produce their own compost and how to apply it to their farms. Farmers Field School (FFS) and University School on Air (USOA) were also conducted to give avenue for the farmers and other listeners to access information on Natural Resource Management and Organic Rice Production. Station DYSL, Radio ng Bayan Sogod and Department of Agriculture –Agricultural Training Institute are one of the collaborating agencies in this aspect. Leaflets and flyers on Vermi composting is being developed and disseminated to the interested farmers. Machines like the vermicompost separator is also being developed by the Engineers of SLSU. d. Assistance and Assessment of the RA 9003 Implementation The university together with the Local Government units are jointly planning and conducting Monitoring and evaluation scheme to implement the RA 9003 otherwise known as Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2003. Waste Material Recovery Facility—Process and System is being proposed as a source of organic fertilizer in Southern Leyte. With the spiraling high cost of synthetic fertilizer in the market, it is beyond the reach of our local farmers. This is the present and major problem of local farmers. The best and the most appropriate way is to provide them fertilizer where price is within the reach and financial capabilities of the farmers. Organic fertilizer is the farmer’s demand of the time. The proposed project is not only economically stable, but the greatest need of the many as it address specifically the need to process collected garbage by segregating in the organic waste and processing bio-waste into an environmentally friendly fertilizer product. Aside from monitoring and evaluation, the Engineering Department of the University is assisting the barangays in establishing a Material Recovery Facility (MRF) through technical assistance and in improving if there is an existing one. e. Trees, Mangrove, and seaweeds planting and promotion of “One Man One Tree can Make a Forest” A slogan was initiated by the academe and absorbed by the lone congressional district of Southern Leyte. It is called, “ One Man One Tree can Make a Forest.” It is the target of the project to encourage every citizen of Southern Leyte to plant at least one tree per person in the community. Tree seedlings are being produced by the local women of the province and is funded by the congressman of the district to be distributed to the barangay level for planting and maintenance. The role of the academe is to sustain the project by monitoring and evaluation purposes. Providing compost to the tree planters and providing assistance in procuring the seedlings. Rubber tree is also promoted by the University and the Congressman to augment the income of the households in the next 5 years. It is part of the plan to plant rubber tree not only to be eco friendly and mitigate disaster and climate change but also for income generation of the rubber once it will produce latex, the “white gold” of Mindanao area. f. Coastal and River Cleanups The university includes coastal and river cleanup together with the barangay residents not only as an exercise but to encourage the barangay residents in the community to be aware of the wastes that exist in both areas. The wastes were segregated and others were collected for recycling purposes. The barangays through its Local Chief Executives were also part of the activities. Highlights of Accomplishments A. Baseline data Base from the result of the interview it was found out that the respondents are aware of the existing organizations that are working within their respective areas and what projects and activities they are conducting. The following projects and activities were observed in the locality: Most of the respondents were married (90.94%) with 7 % singles and only few are separated and live in status (Table1) Table 1. Distribution of Respondents by Marital Status Marital Status Married Single Widowed/Separated Live in Total Frequency Percent 492 38 8 3 541 90.94 7.02 1.48 0.55 100.00 The distribution of the respondents in terms of educational attainment is presented in table 2. The distribution ranges from elementary graduate, elementary level and high school level (32.9%, 28.47%, 27.54%). High school graduates or having technical or vocational courses comprises only 6.47% with 3.88% as college level. Table 2. Distribution of Respondents by Highest Educational Attainment Highest Educational Attainment Frequency Percent None Elementary level Elementary graduate High school level 4 154 178 149 0.74 28.47 32.90 27.54 HS grad/Tech/Vocational course 35 6.47 College level 21 541 3.88 100 Total Identified programs and projects in Southern Leyte from 2005-2010 The following programs identified by the residents related to environment are health and sanitation, coastal clean up, environmental protection, fishing laws, tree planting, guzo farming, Programs about fishing, river clean ups, and mangrove planting citing the different agencies who are also members of the Environmental Technical Working Group. Table 3. Identified Programs, Activities and Agencies Involved conducted from 2005-2010 in the Sogod Bay Area Program Fish net inspection Agency LGU, DA/BFAR, GTZ LGU,DA/BFAR, DENR, PNRMO,GTZ LGU, DA, SLSU LGU, SLSU, DENR DA, LGU LGU,DA/BFAR, DENR, PNRMO, GTZ LGU, PNP Fishing Laws LGU,BFAR,PNRMO,GTZ Fishpond and Fingerlings Culture Foreshore Line Identification LGU, SLSU, CM DENR, LGU, PNP LGU,DA/BFAR, DENR, PCRMO, BFARMC, GTZ Bantay Dagat Coastal Clean Up Coastal Resource Management Environmental Management Environmental Protection Fish Sanctuary Guzo Farming Info campaign in Environmental Protection Information about Fishing ground Laws on Illegal Fishing Leyte Island Project (LIP) DA, LGU, DENR College of Maasin, SLSU LGU, PNRMO LGU, PNRMO Livelihood Programs LGU, BFAR, College of Maasin Loans LGU,DA/BFAR,GTZ Marketing Marine and Aquatic Products BFAR Mud Crab Culture Municipal Fishers Aquatic Resources Council (MFARMC) GTZ, LGU LGU Program Brgy. Fishers Aquatic Resources Council (BFARMC)- ORA PCRMO Agency LGU,DA/BFAR,DENR, PCRMO,GTZ GTZ Participatory Resource Assessment LGU, SLSU Police Pathways Programs against Illegal Fishing Protection of Fishing Grounds Sanctuary Seminar Silago Bay Integrated Coastal Management Tilapia/Ulang Culture Mangrove and Tree planting DENR, LGU, PNP LGU, BFAR LGU BFAR, LGU GTZ LGU, SLSU SLSU, Lugs NRM Priority Needs The identified priority needs of the respondents in terms of Natural Resource Management was asked, to the respondents it was overwhelming for them to ask for an alternative livelihood activities and budget or financial assistance to reduce pressure in fishing, farming and other jobs related to the use of the natural resources, education on natural resource management ranks 2nd followed by health and health related assistance, Figure 2. 14% Priority Needs in Terms of NRM 7% 32% 20% 27% Alternative livelihood Financial Assistance Education Enhancement Health and Health Related Issues MRN Management Alternative Livelihood Projects Priority The identified priority needs of the respondents are tied between wood recovery and utilization and goat raising under coconut or under the trees followed by hog fattening for commercial scale, tilapia production and other aqua-marine projects and candle making. Cutting the trees that are full grown and woods recovery or those that are damage by typhoons and other natural calamities like landslides and fire or kaingin that were previously employed by the people before the formation of CBFM. However, DENR announces the suspension of cutting trees and wood recovery after the landslide event at Quezon province and other abuses done with our trees to make it appear as damaged and under wood recovery situations. This is the main reason why most of the people are frustrated to actively join the activities of the organization due to lack of additional income and livelihood derived from wood recovery. It was noted that there are lots of big trees that are toppled down by the previous typhoons that are not being utilized. It is noted that flower and vegetable gardening belongs to the last priority of the respondents. Table 4. Identified priority needs in terms of alternative livelihood Alternative Livelihood 1 Tilapia production or other aqua-marine projects like guzo (seaweeds) farming 2 Wood recovery and utilization 3 Goat raising under coconut/trees 4 Piggery /Hog fattening for commercial scale 5 Duck raising and duck eggs processing 6 Chicken raising 7 Candle making 8 Abaca Handweaving 9 Vegetable and flower gardening/arrangement 10 Waitering, table skirting & setting 11 Others (soap making, dressmaking, motor overhauling, ICT) * Multiple response *% 35 29 26 25 24 24 24 20 15 13 12 Perceived NRM Problems and Related Issues During the Focus Group discussion the respondents were able to identify common problems in the Sogod Bay area that can be observed all throughout the season. Possible reasons were also identified and proposed solutions are being identified (Table 5). Based from the FGD, the education strategies of the university is being evaluated and planning with other stakeholders were formulated including the close coordination with other TWG on NRM of the province. The issues were lack of information on NRM strategies and if they have information there’s no other way to earn a living except through fishing and farming thus alternative livelihood should be given budget. It was also perceived that there’s no focal person in the LGUs to man the NRM related issues, thus, other activities and implementation are not being attended. RA 9003 or the ecological solid waste segregation and solid waste management is also perceived to be not properly implemented. The common solution identified is to create a focal person for this at the barangay and the municipal levels. Table 5. Perceived NRM problems, issues and proposed solutions 1 2 3 Problems/Issues Possible Reasons Proposed Solutions Lack of information on NRM strategies Not enough information provided Alternative Livelihood demands are not responded by the National Line Agencies No support from the LGUs (endorsement and follow up) Dialogue/meetings/seminars be conducted. and provision of IEC materials in vernacular A meeting must be conducted between DENR, Academe, LGU officials & other NRM stakeholders Lack of funds needed for (tree, mangrove, Budget is not enough to support Include NRM from the Annual Investment Plan (AIP) of the guzo) planting materials, seedlings and other materials the requested alternative livelihood municipality 4 No LGU staff is assigned for NRM project alone No budget from LGU for additional staff National office or DENR must provide a staff to work on NRM as a counterpart to the LGU 6 Low Budget Scarcity of budget in the national release Strengthen/increase the collaboration with external funding agencies like GTZ Filipino Values for easy money Values reformation through education specifically the youth and children Assistance to alternative livelihood 7 Lack of penalties to reprimand violators of the forest, surroundings, rivers, coastal areas and the seas 8 Garbage collectors are not permanent and garbage are not collected regularly 10 Garbage are thrown everywhere inspite of the provision of waste disposal containers 11 Solid Waste Management (RA 9003) is not properly implemented No alternative livelihood Not enough budget Fines or penalties must be for human resource collected to households who on garbage collection have not followed waste segregation Children and other Include proper waste disposal individuals need and care of the environment to values re orientation/ the children specially the pre education elementary school children Propose project and activities to utilize the waste or projects on waste recycling must be strengthened Not enough Create a focal person at the personnel and no barangay and municipal level strict implementation for violators Academe must come in with Education campaign. Creation of the University Plan for NRM in Southern Leyte Based from the output of the baseline gathering, the following strategies were implemented by the university. It was included in the annual plan of every university department was presented in the Research Development and Extension Evaluation Committee (RDEREC) was presented for approval prior to its implementation. Existing collaboration with other institutions and agencies were identified and renewal of memorandum of agreement (MOA) were also relaunch to foster close collaboration and assurance of a successful project. Table 6. Southern Leyte State University Natural Resource Management Action Plan for Southern Leyte Priority Projects Alternative Livelihood Objective/s To enhance trade and industrial skills of the stakeholders Provide opportunities for alternative income generation Offer short term trade skills courses to recipient barangays. IEC component To develop Information Education Communication Materials for the Children To translate existing NRM materials to the local dialect for older staeholders Activities - Promotion of Organic Farm Production To foster collaboration with Dep Ed and other private institutions for NRM education strategies To establish vermi compost centers To promote Organic Pesticides To promote organically grown farm products - Rules and Policy on To provide Assistance in the Implementation of RA 9003 tilapia and “ulang” production Abaca –based product development Basic electricity house wiring Food processing & baking techniques Solid Screen Painting Refrigeration and Airconditioning Dress remodeling Candle making Swine and poultry management Goat and other ruminants training Puppet show on environmental issues Radio Program with Station DYSL Radio ng Bayan Sogod Distribution of IEC vernacular translated materials Develop Instructional Materials (IMs) for Children on NRM issues Incorporate NRM subjects in Alternative Learning System Centers for vermicomposting is established in all 5 campuses Develop indigenous pesticides Refer markets for organically grown vegetables Translate IEC for organic farming - Partnership in training and information campaign on proper solid waste Lead Department/Agency Collabora ting Agency/ ies SLSU Bontoc IT Dept, SLSU Sogod IT Dept SLSU Sogod IT Dept SLSU Sogod IT Dept SLSU Sogod IT Dept SLSU Sogod IT Dept SLSU Sogod Arts & Sciences SLSU SLSU Hinunangan SLSU Hinunangan & Bontoc SLSU TO and Sogod SLSU ORDEx & DYSL DA BFAR TESDA LGUs DILG All campuses DENR, DA & line agencies All campuses SLSU and Dep Ed Non formal Education All campuses of SLSU SLSU Hinunangan All campuses DA, LGUs DA, LGUs Coral Cay & LGUs STAC, Dep Ed, CM Lone congressio nal District DA, DOST DTI, LGU All campuses All campuses DA, LGUs, Dep Ed, NRM Implementation Activities to mitigate Climate Change segregation/ collection and participative SLSU Bontoc and Tomas action for converting solid waste into Oppus campuses organic fertilizer and utilization of same to increase crop production. To provide Coastal and marine policies awareness To foster planting of trees To plant mangroves in the seashore To scout use of alternative source of energy - Information dissemination and conduct of trainings Trees planted in the riverbanks and along The shoreline areas Mangroves to be planted in the shorelines of 5 pilot areas Training on alternative sources of energy Like the use of biogas and solar energy Procurement and planting of rubber trees All campuses All campuses in all pilot areas Congressional District of So. Leyte & LGUs and SLSU DILG PNRMO, PCRMO, DA BFAR, LGUs DA, DENR, DOST, EVCIERD, LGUs, private sector B. NRM stakeholders linkages The Southern Leyte State University is a member of the Technical Working Group of the Province of Southern Leyte which seeks to provide the 18 municipalities and 1 city a sound policy framework for the protection and management of the environment and natural resources within their jurisdiction. The composition of the NRM Technical Working Group are: the Municipal Planning and Environmental Offices (18 municipalities) and one city, the academe (SLSU with 5 campuses, College of Maasin and Department of Education), Provincial Coastal Resource Management Office (PCRMO), Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR), Department of Agriculture (DA), Provincial Tourism Office and Provincial Natural Resource Management Office (PNRMO). The PNRMO served as the secretariat of the tWG due to its central location and related focal functions on NRM. The NRM TWG drafted the NRM code primarily to attain sustainable development and ensures that component local government units (LGU) shall adopt all reasonable and practiceable measures to protect, restore and enhance the quality of the environment as well as to promote the well –being and safety of their constituents. The environmental code underwent a process, series of meetings and Focus group discussion and critiquing with the support of the Environment and Rural Development program (EnRD) and the Decentralization Program of the German Technical Cooperation (GTZ). The Environment Code was promulgated with the LGU Executive Order Number 6 pursuant to section 104, of ordinance No. 2008-06. It leads to the formulation of the Implementing Rules and Regulations (IRR) of the Southern Leyte for the effective implementation of its provision. Aside from that a series of extension activities were conducted to different target municipalities and selected barangays related to Natural Resource Management. It is said that, in order to sustain the learnings one must show the people how rather than telling only the person how to do it. NRM network works with synergy planning coordinating and reporting activities every quarter to look into the overall impact of the activities as planned. C. Educational Management Strategies c.1 Radio as a vehicle for NRM advocacy The different strategies that is implemented by the Southern Leyte State University are varied due to the report as conducted by Reyes et al. 2008 that Information education and communication preferences of the farmers specifically abaca farmers are more on radio rather than in print like in newspapers. As reflected in the profile of the respondents, most of them have lower educational background only few have reached college level thus, the SLSU foster an agreement with radio station DYSL, Radio ng Bayan Sogod with a time slot for a program “Kalambuan sa Kaumahan” which means “Progress in the Farm” every 5:00 am to 6 am from Monday to Friday. University School on Air (USOA) is also being conducted. There were 2 USOA undertaken by the university using the time slot allotted in the MOA, 1 is on corn and the other is on rice since these are the two staple crops of the area. There were 211 farmer graduates of the USOA on corn and nearly 200 for the USOA on rice which is newly started within this year. In the program a module on environmental protection is included as it is part of the NRM action plan. Resource speakers were selected exerts of their fields. Every Wednesday at 11:00 am to 12:00 noon a radio program is also aired to disseminate information on the activities conducted by the entire university. The whole activity on NRM is also being a part of the info-dissemination part of the program. Table 7. Listeners survey of the SLSU “Kalambuan sa Kaumahan” Program Respondents/ Radio Radio KSK Listeners Kalambuan sa Kaumahan (KSK) diehard listeners (daily with less than 10 absences) Intermittent listeners and Non-KSK program listeners (more than 10 absences) Gender TECHNO Gabay Centers Other DA InformSources ation (ATs) (print IEC) 26% 62% 12% 23% 59% 18% Male 63% 56% Female 37% Male 29% 44% Female 71% It is very clear that most of the respondents are not using print IEC but mostly are using radio. Although Department of Agriculture Information (Agricultural Technicians) and Techno Gabay Centers are one of the places of information mostly identified by the respondents as one of the sources of information because the LGUs local agricultural services are partners of the SLSU DYSL programs. The co-anchor of the program is a technician from the LGU together with SLSu and DYSL staff. Collaboration between other agencies cam in when they act as resource person in every topic being discussed. c.2 Information Education Communication (IEC) materials The use of IEC materials is also one of the strategies being used by translating the information into Cebuano or vernacular dialect and dissemination is through seminar and trainings. This is done specifically in the pilot areas where they also expressed their request for specific trainings and seminars. A translated leaflet is being included. The following leaflets are developed by the University in Vernacular which was subjected to critiquing by experts: Ang Pagpadaghan sa Wati (How to do Vermiculture), Ang Paghimo ug Compost Pinaaagi sa Wati ( The Vermicomposting)m Giya sa Hustong Pagdispatsar sa mga Basura (Desirable Guide to Get Rid of Wastes, Ang Pagbuhi ug Ulang (Fresh Water Prawn Production) and many other existing leaflets from different agencies like DENR, DOST, DA translated into vernacular and distributed to the different stakeholders. c. 3 Alternative Learning System (ALS) This strategy is in collaboration with the Dep Ed incharge of the program and the different private learning institutions. The program covers the production of Information materials for the pupils, making their environment clean by introducing proper waste segregation and disposal. Film showing of the ill effects of improper waste disposal like flood in Manila and Quezon province and rockslides in Saint Bernard, Southern Leyte where thousands of lives where lost including children. By then pupils are taught to place their waste in the waste can designate for biodegradable and non biodegradable. If waste cans are not available to contain the wastes in their pockets and disposed it until such time that it is available. Contest were being done at the elementary level on waste segregation. The pilot schools selected were given IEC gadgets like TV sets, DVD players and construction of water sealed toilets specifically in the kindergarten schools where the barangay LGUs cannot afford. This was done through collaboration among agencies. Projects using recycled wastes are also included in the program like thru pillows made of candy wrappers and decors out of recycled wastes. The entire university is also promoting eco friendly environment by recycling the non biodegradable wastes like making Christmas items and ladies accessories out of plastic and recycled products. D. Assistance and Assessment of the RA 9003 Implementation The 5 pilot sites: Hinunangan, San Juan, Sogod, Bontoc and Tomas Oppus assess and assists the LGUs in the implementation of the RA 9003 by helping the Municipal and Barangay government facilitate full implementation of R.A. 9003, otherwise known as Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2003 through partnership in training and information campaign on proper solid waste segregation/collection and participative action for converting solid waste into organic fertilizer and utilization of same to increase crop production. This was done by mandating the university engineers in the college of Engineering to make a model of the Material Recovery Facility (MRF) of the pilot sites. This was done by assessing and evaluating the existing MRF and make an improved model to be suggested to the Lugs. The design is made for the following purposes: durable, spacious and garbage collected friendly to the environment. This is done so that the MRF facility of the pilot areas will be sustainable. SLSU through its extension arm assists the LGUs facilitate massive people participation in the implementation of RA 9003. Training and campaign on proper waste segregation and collection processes as embodied in the respective ordinance. On the otherhand a composting process was done to convert one (1) ton solid biodegradable waste into organic fertilizer daily. And use this organic fertilizer to establish an organic fertilization techno- demo on rice, vegetables and rootcrops. E. Trees, Mangrove, and seaweeds planting and promotion of “One Man One Tree can Make a Forest” e.1 Mangroves In the coastal areas mangroves are being planted together with the program funded by GTZ EFOS and Provincial Natural Resource Management Office (PNRMO) of the province of Southern Leyte on Mangrove Greenbuilt in Southern Leyte. Today there are 25,000 mangroves planted in five pilot areas involving the LGUs in the selected sites and the community. The Mangrove greenbuilt is located in Maasin, Malitbog, San Juan and Libagon, Southern Leyte. The university is the lead institution in the monitoring and evaluation of the project. On the otherhand a separate extension activity is conducted by the university to plant mangroves in the areas of Bontoc, Tomas Oppus and Hinunanagan with a total mangrove of 3, 000. Care and maintenance is part of the project by gathering growth data of the plant related to its compost application. e.2 Seaweeds to decrease pressure in the seas Seaweeds planting and processing is being promoted in the areas where the sea current is desirable. The coastal areas in Barangay Calag-itan, Hinunangan Southern Leyte Is now planting with seaweeds spearheaded by it BLGU assisted by SLSU Hinunangan campus. There are 34 farmer collaborators and grouped themselves into an association known as the Calag-itan United Farmers Association (CAGUFA). The farmers are planting the indigenous source of seaweeds from Bohol. Recently, they are harvesting 70-100 kilos of seaweeds per week and sold either fresh or dried to Tacloban City. The fish that become the pest of their seaweeds served also as their alternative income. e.3 One Man One Tree can Make a Forest The program is being adopted by Congressman Mercado in the lone Congressional District Movement of Southern Leyte in (Roger Gaviola Mercado). his program on Restore Green The seedlings are provided by the congressman’s office to SLSU NSTP students, faculty and staff of all the campuses. Every year 3,000-4,000 trees are planted since 2005 up to the present depending on the number of students enrolled at the university. To reduce dependence on the source of planting materials, the SLSU campuses are now setting an area for bamboo and trees nurseries. With the purpose of adding more value to the trees being planted, rubber tree or the white gold of Mindanao for its latex is now being procured and planted in all campuses of SLSU. There are also selected sites in the province where rubber tree is being planted. To date there are 10,000 newly planted rubber trees not to mention the existing rubber trees owned by a private persons in Hinunangan where he already acquired income from this kind of tree (Pedro Masing). It is the plan of the NRM TWG to plant rubber tree in areas where there is no plant existing yet. The compost from vermiculture is being utilized as a booster to the newly planted rubber seedlings. A rubber budwood garden is now established at Hinunanangan campus and will soon be distributed also to all the remaining campuses. F. Coastal and River Clean ups The university is conducting coastal and river clean ups since 1998 up to the present , however, in 2005 the university started to tie up with the communities through its local chief executives in doing the annual clean ups. The pilot barangays where the river and coastal clean up are conducted are also scheduling this as a local activity together with their constituents where children and adults join together to at least remove the non biodegradable wastes in the seas and in the rivers. Mean Distribution of wastes collected in percent by weight It is reflected in table 7 that the majority of the wastes gathered from the coastal areas in Southern Leyte across 6 years is consistently high in plastic bags (28%, diapers (22%), plastic cups (12%), plastic bottles (11%), Styrofoam (9.5%) followed by others such as nails, coins, pins and other unidentified parts of machines or computers with minimal percentage in the total waste that was gathered in the coastal sites during the cleanup activities. The waste in the river were not classified due to differences in identification of the wastes in terms of weight and interms of number. The coastal wastes are classified based on weight because some of the gathered wastes are already disintegrated that it cannot be classified into number. There are other wastes that cannot be classified due maybe to the action of water and other mechanical causes of disintegration. Table 7. Percent distribution of the wastes gathered from the coastal areas of Southern Leyte for year 2009-2010. Waste classification 2009 10 2010 22 Average % 22 40 28 28 12 12 12 11 9 3 4 1 10 9.5 11 3.5 4.5 1.5 8 9.5 11 3.5 4.5 1.5 8 Disposable diapers Plastic bags Plastic cups Styrofoam Plastic bottles Galvanized Iron Glass and/or bottles Steel Others Summary and Conclusion There were 5 major activities conducted in order for the university to address the problem on NRM. The following are: educational management strategies, strengthen linkages with other NRM stakeholders, assistance and assessment of RA 9003, mangrove, trees and seaweeds planting and production and regular coastal and river clean up. The education component of the study includes programs in the radio that would improve the lives of the farmers and fisherfolks that cut across natural resources management strategies and issues, production and development of acceptable Information Education, Communication materials and link with educators for a more understandable natural waste management strategies like projects related to NRM for the children. The result of the activity showed that more trees, mangroves, seaweeds are planted, adults, pupils and students are aware of the NRM activities in the Southern Leyte area and linkages between stakeholders is enhanced by more collaboration activities sharing resources for a better output. It is concluded therefore that radio, IEC materials, trainings and actual conduct and sharing of NRM related activities could cover more areas and reach out more people in the communities. Inspite of the meager budget per government institution but as institution with NRM spirit and passion collaboration is the key to do more. The most significant output that can be attributed to this activity is the enhancement of collaboration between the LGUs, community and academe to sustain NRM and the increase in community’s participation to its activities like massive tree planting, coastal and river clean up as part of the LGUs and pupils’/students’ routine activities, waste segregation and recycling, promotion of eco friendly materials and adoption of organic agricultural production. Recommendation The project is to be continued in collaboration with the different agencies in the Southern Leyte province with the same mandate to foster NRM. Membership in the Technical Working Group of the NRM in Southern Leyte will be increased and strengthened through further trainings and seminars for the TWG members or pool of experts. Resource generation will also be enhanced by scouting foreign assistance sharing the same passion to foster a friendly environment. Existing trees, mangroves, seaweeds must be maintained and turned over to the local communities for protection and maintenance. The day care centers will be monitored and follow up assistance must be done to ensure sustainability of the started programs and projects. Review of related literatures DENR Annual Report 1996 and 2006 Ender, Thomas. 2005. The situation of CBFM Implementation. The GTZ Technical Report November, 2005. 34 pp Lim. V. 2005-2010. The Southern Leyte Profile and Stakeholders for Five years Provincial Development Plan. Reoma, V.L. 2008. Educational Radio Program as a vehicle for Develoipment. SLSU RDE Journal. Jan-Dec. 2008. pp 108-118. Reyes, Gloria M. and VL Reoma. 2007. Information Education Communication (IEC) Preferences of the Farmers in Sogod Bay Area. RDE Journal. JanuaryDecember 2007. pp.1-12.