Philosophy Module I. The history of Philosophy The question ‘What is existence?’ refers to … A. epistemology B. ontology C. neoplatonism D. metaphysics E. dualism ANSWER: B 1. 2. … is something that can be said to be A. Being B. Knowledge C. Category D. Notion E. Space ANSWER: A 3. Who argues over the existence of properties and relations? A. dualists B. materialists C. constructivists D. realists E. Pragmatists ANSWER: D 4. … is the branch of philosophy that studies the nature and scope of knowledge and belief. A. Epistemology B. Ontology C. Neoplatonism D. Metaphysics E. Dualism ANSWER: A 5. Who represented dialectics as theoretical system? A. Marx B. Ficht C. Descartes D. Hegel E. Plato ANSWER: D 6. What is the objective dialectics? A. one that lives in the very objects B. one that lives in the person’s thinking C. one that is unchangeable D. one that was developed by Hegel E. there is no correct answer ANSWER: A 7. What is the subjective dialectics? A. one that lives in the very objects B. one that lives in the person’s thinking C. one that is unchangeable D. one that was developed by Hegel E. there is no correct answer ANSWER: B 8. Which dialectic law explains the appearance of new species of animals and plants? A. the law of transformation quantity into quality B. the law of interpenetration of opposites C. the law of the negation of the negation D. all the answers are correct E. there is no correct answer ANSWER: A 9. Who introduced the term “metaphysics” in philosophy? A. Socrates B. Plato C. Aristotle D. Lenin E. Skovoroda ANSWER: C 10. Quintessential ideas about knowledge in dialectics called… A. categories B. principles C. forms D. laws E. ration ANSWER: B 11. Who introduced the classic definition of truth? A. Hegel B. Marx C. Sartre D. Aristotle E. Plato ANSWER: D 12. What do rationalists determine as the quintessential source of knowledge? A. mind B. practice C. senses D. truth E. God ANSWER: A 13. Who introduced the first philosophical conception of being? A. Aristotle B. Pre-socratics C. Hegel D. Leibnitz E. Medieval philosophy ANSWER: B 14. Who contradicted empirical being to “pure ideas” in the antique philosophy? A. Plato B. Aristotle C. Socrates D. Bacon E. Dante ANSWER: A 15. Which philosophical category has “the law of transformation quantity into quality”? A. dialectics B. consciousness C. cognition D. energy E. negation ANSWER: A 16. The way to show that a given hypothesis leads to a contradiction; thus, forcing the withdrawal of the hypothesis as a candidate for truth is called … A. the Plato’s method B. the Hegelian method C. the Aristotle’s method D. the Marxian method E. the Socratic method ANSWER: E 17. What are two broad traditional and competing metaphysical views concerning the nature of mind and conscious mental states? A. thesis and antithesis B. dualism and materialism C. being and nothing D. consciousness and unconsciousness E. vice and virtue ANSWER: B 18. Who does “the idea of contradiction, with class struggle playing the central role in social and political life” belong to? A. Marx B. Hegel C. Bacon D. Aristotle E. Socrates ANSWER: A 19. Who does the dialectic method of cross-examination belong to? A. Marx B. Hegel C. Leibnitz D. Descartes E. Socrates ANSWER: E 20. Which metaphysical view states that the conscious mind or a conscious mental state is non-physical? A. dualism B. materialism C. Marxism D. metaphysics E. Leninism ANSWER: A 21. In which religion can “the idea of the three phases of creation, maintenance of order and destruction or disorder” be found? A. Christianity B. Buddhism C. Hinduism D. Islam E. Judaism ANSWER: C 22. What is the aim of the dialectical method? A. to try to resolve the disagreement through discussion B. to try to resolve the disagreement through scientfic C. to try to resolve the disagreement through linguistic D. to try to resolve the disagreement through philoslphical E. to try to resolve the disagreement through logical ANSWER: A 23. Aristotle was a student of … A. Plato B. Marx C. Socrate D. Leibniz E. Freud ANSWER: A 24. How many metaphysical views do you know? A. 42 B. 32 C. 12 D. 20 E. 2 ANSWER: E 25. Who was the representative of the theory of mind? A. Plato B. Rene Descartes C. John Locke D. Leibnitz E. Immanuel Kant ANSWER: E 26. What is the central issue in philosophy of mind? A. problem of senses B. problem of properties C. problem of mental state D. problem of cognition E. problem of consciousness ANSWER: E 27. What are two kinds of reason? A. Practical and empirical B. Theoretical and empirical C. Historical and theoretical D. Practical and theoretical E. Spiritual and material ANSWER: D 28. Who was the first that mentioned the term “philosophy”? A. Aristotle B. Socrates C. Pythagoras D. Plato E. Epicures ANSWER: C 29. What is a function of philosophy that is directed at comprehension of integrity of the world, at cognition of the background and preconditions of interconnection between man and the world, at systemic-theoretical, logical-consequent and argumentative solution of outlook problems? A. Practical B. Cognitive C. Methodological D. Critical E. Mythological ANSWER: B 30. The main … task of philosophy is to ground and prove truth in the scientific cognition. A. methodological B. cognitive C. critical D. practical E. mythological ANSWER: A 31. .… function proves philosophy to be able to influence the formation both of mass outlook and outlook position of an individual. A. Cognitive B. Critical C. Methodological D. Vital-practical E. Mythological ANSWER: D 32. A person’s attitude to life; a view; what is likely to happen in future is … A. criticism B. practice C. outlook D. consciousness E. theory ANSWER: C 33. Teaching about God is … A. Theology B. Mythology C. Metaphysics D. History E. Dialectics ANSWER: A 34. The idea of a single God is … A. Creationism B. Anthropocentrism C. Theocentrism D. Spirituality E. Faith ANSWER: C 35. Christian world outlook stands for the idea of creation of the world out of nothing. A. Theocentrism B. Faith C. Creationism D. Spirituality E. Symbolism ANSWER: C 36. World outlook considered man not only as a natural and physical creature but also as a spiritual personality. Antique philosophy came to conclusion about existence of body and soul in the human nature. A. Anthropocentrism B. Spirituality C. Faith D. Creationism E. Symbolism ANSWER: B 37. Christianity defines it as a special state of human soul. A. Faith B. Spirituality C. Creationism D. Theocentrism E. Anthropocentrism ANSWER: A 38. The study of God and religious belief; a system of religious beliefs and theory is … A. Metaphysics B. Dialectics C. Theology D. History E. There is no correct answer ANSWER: C 39. The belief that nothing has any values, especially religious and moral principles … A. Nihilism B. Existentialism C. Empirism D. Romanticism E. There is no correct answer ANSWER: A 40. A philosophical theory, which emphasizes the existence of the individual person as free agents, responsible for their own development, is … A. Empirism B. Nihilism C. Existentialism D. Romanticism E. There is no correct answer ANSWER: C 41. A system of philosophy that recognize only things that can be scientifically or logically proved is … A. Existentialism B. Positivism C. Nihilism D. Romanticism E. There is no correct answer ANSWER: B 42. The art of investigating or debating the truth of options is … A. Dialectic B. Communication C. Verification D. Metaphysics E. There is no correct answer ANSWER: A 43. In Hinduism, certain … elements can be found in embrio, such as idea of the three phases of creation (Brahma), maintence of order (Vishnu) and destruction or disorder (Shiva). A. Dialectical B. Metaphysical C. General D. Natural E. There is no correct answer ANSWER: A 44. In the Logic Hegel describes a dialectic of … . A. Consciousness B. Practice C. Existence D. Philosophy E. There is no correct answer ANSWER: C 45. Whose is this model: “thesis – antithesis – synthesis”? A. Hegel B. Kant C. Marx D. Engels E. Fichte ANSWER: A 46. In philosophy, method of investigating the nature of truth by critical analysis of concepts and hypotheses. A. Dialectic B. Logic C. Ontology D. Anthropology E. Axiology ANSWER: A 47. The power or right to act, speak, or think; the state of not being subject to or affected by (something undesirable) is … A. Freedom B. Will C. Despotism D. Terrorism E. There is no correct answer ANSWER: A 48. What definition of philosophy seems to you the most appropriate? A. Philosophy is a state of soul B. Philosophy is a science of sciences C. Philosophy is a study about a man D. Philosophy is wisdom of love E. Philosophy is love of wisdom ANSWER: E 49. Gnoseology (epistemology) is … A. the study of being B. the study of sources, essence and laws of development C. the study of man D. the study of values, including Aesthetics, Ethics and political philosophy E. theory of knowledge, study of the essence, forms and principles of cognition and thinking ANSWER: E 50. Metaphysics is … A. the study of being B. the study of values, including Aesthetics, Ethics and political philosophy C. the study of sources, essence and laws of development D. theory of knowledge, study of the essence, forms and principles of cognition and thinking E. concerned with such issues as the nature of the ultimate reality, philosophy of religion, philosophy of mind, personal identity, freedom of will and immortality ANSWER: E 51. Ontology is … A. the study of being B. the study of sources, essence and laws of development C. the study of the laws of thought and forms of argument D. theory of knowledge, study of the essence, forms and principles of cognition and thinking E. the study of values, including Aesthetics, Ethics and political philosophy ANSWER: A 52. Philosophical anthropology is … A. the study of being B. the study of sources, essence and laws of development C. the study of man D. theory of knowledge, study of the essence, forms and principles of cognition and thinking E. the study of values, including Aesthetics, Ethics and political philosophy ANSWER: C 53. What are two kinds of reason? A. Practical and empirical B. Theoretical and empirical C. Historical and theoretical D. Spiritual and material E. Practical and theoretical ANSWER: E 54. Axiology is … A. theory of knowledge, study of the essence, forms and principles of cognition and thinking B. the study of sources, essence and laws of development C. the study of being D. the study of the laws of thought and forms of argument E. the study of values, including Aesthetics, Ethics and political philosophy ANSWER: E 55. Logic is … A. the study of being B. the study of the laws of thought and forms of argument C. the study of sources, essence and laws of development D. the study of values, including Aesthetics, Ethics and political philosophy E. theory of knowledge, study of the essence, forms and principles of cognition and thinking ANSWER: B 56. It is a vision of the world from the only-center position of a man. What is the definition? A. Science B. Society C. Thought D. Nation E. Outlook ANSWER: E 57. What are the constituent elements of outlook? A. Basic components and basics levels of outlook B. Basic levels and forms and historical types of outlook C. Basic forms and historical types of outlook D. Main components of outlook and basic levels of outlook E. Basic components of outlook, basic levels and forms and historical types of outlook ANSWER: E 58. … is the self-consciousness of a tribe, where development of the individual selfconsciousness is not observed. A. Mythology B. Syncretism C. Animism D. Outlook E. Fetishism ANSWER: A 59. What are three historical types of outlook? A. Methodological, religious, philosophical B. Religious, practical, mythological C. Empirical, methodological, theoretical D. There is no correct answer E. Mythological, religious, philosophical ANSWER: E 60. Etymologically from the Greek philos means … A. wisdom B. love C. friendship D. respect E. sympathy ANSWER: B 61. Etymologically from the Greek sophia means … A. Friendship B. Respect C. Lover D. Sympathy E. Wisdom ANSWER: E 62. The specific feature of the … is fixed in the very etymology of the word "religion" that in Latin means "object to worship" or the service and worship of God or the supernatural. A. Mythological outlook B. Philosophical outlook C. General outlook D. Scientific outlook E. Religious outlook ANSWER: E 63. Such point of view that after the death the human beings live again in other forms. What is this? A. Syncretism B. Religion C. Animism D. Reincarnation E. Fetishism ANSWER: D 64. How many casts does the caste division of society in India include? A. 2 B. 3 C. 5 D. 8 E. 4 ANSWER: E 65. The highest caste, comprising the priests. A. Kshatriya caste B. Brahmin caste C. Vaisya caste D. Shudra caste E. There is no correct answer ANSWER: B 66. Caste, comprising warriors and rulers. A. Vaisya caste B. Shudra caste C. Brahmin caste D. There is no correct answer E. Kshatriya caste ANSWER: E 67. Caste, comprising farmers and merchants. A. Kshatriya caste B. Shudra caste C. Vaisya caste D. Brahmin caste E. There is no correct answer ANSWER: C 68. Caste, comprising manual workers. A. Kshatriya caste B. Vaisya caste C. Brahmin caste D. There is no correct answer E. Shudra caste ANSWER: E 69. Concentration, contemplation and ecstasy. What does it mean? A. Physical disciplines B. *Stages of meditation C. Moral disciplines D. Material science E. Animal sacrifice ANSWER: B 70. Symbol of shadow or the passive, feminine principle of life. Choose the right answer. A. Yang B. Dao C. Deo D. Monism E. Yin ANSWER: E 71. Symbol of Sun or the active, masculine principle of life. Give right answer. A. Dao B. Yin C. Yang D. Monism E. Deo ANSWER: C 72. Way or universal force harmonizing nature. A. Yang B. Yin C. Monism D. Deo E. Dao ANSWER: E 73. What is a book of Ancient Indian school, which contains the expressions about philosophical understanding of the world? A. Brahmins B. Atmans C. Empirists D. Upanishads E. Vedas ANSWER: E 74. “Four noble truths” – one of the features of... A. Islam B. *Buddhism C. Stoicism D. Neo-Platonism E. Daoism ANSWER: B 75. Chinese philosopher. His ideas about the importance of practical moral values formed the basis of the philosophy of Confucianism. A. Buddha B. Socrates C. Plato D. Aristotle E. Confucius ANSWER: E 76. Siddartha Gautama. Born an Indian prince, he renounced wealth and family and after achieving enlightenment while meditating, taught all who came to learn from him. A. Confucius B. Socrates C. Plato D. Prophet Mohammad E. Buddha ANSWER: E 77. The first Christians appeared in… A. 1 – 2 c. AD B. 2 – 3 c. AD C. 4 – 5 c. AD D. 2 – 1 c. BC E. 3 – 4 c. AD ANSWER: A 78. The last and the highest stage of the development of the West religious philosophy of Middle Ages, which is characterized by connection of theological-dogmatic ideas and rational methodology is called ... A. Deism B. Ontology C. Gnoseology D. There is no correct answer E. Scholastic ANSWER: E 79. The system of speculative ideas about nature, which was worked out in different philosophical doctrines is … A. Metaphysics B. Natural philosophy C. Dialectics D. Outlook E. Consciousness ANSWER: B 80. The belief that God is present in all things; belief in many or all gods is … A. Syncretism B. Animism C. Theology D. There is no correct answer E. Pantheism ANSWER: E 81. German philosopher. He rejected Christianity’s compassion for the weak, and formulated the idea of the Ubermensch (superman), who can rise above the restrictions of ordinary morality. A. I. Kant B. L. Feuerbach C. J. Fichte D. There is no correct answer E. F. Nietzsche ANSWER: E 82. “World was catching me but has not caught”. A. T. Shevchenko B. I. Franko C. H. Skovoroda D. P. Kulish E. There is no correct answer ANSWER: C 83. Professional philosophy appeared in Ukraine in... A. Monasteries B. Universities C. Schools D. There is no correct answer E. Kiev-Mohyla academy ANSWER: E 84. Where is Kiev-Mohyla academy situated? A. In Lviv B. In Ternopil C. In London D. In Kiev E. In Paris ANSWER: D 85. Who divided philosophy into dialectics, ethics and physics? A. Plotinus B. Aristotle C. Socrates D. There is no correct answer E. Plato ANSWER: E 86. How many periods are there in the Greek philosophy? A. 2 B. 3 C. 4 D. 1 E. 5 ANSWER: B 87. Thales, Anaximander, Anaximenes, Heraclitus, Pythagoras, Parmenides, Zeno of Elea are the representatives of … A. the classic period B. the Roman period C. the Christian period D. the Greek period E. the pre-Socratic period ANSWER: E 88. Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Democritus are the representatives of … A. the pre-Socratic period B. the Roman period C. the Christian period D. the classic period E. the Greek period ANSWER: D 89. Pyrrho, Epicurus, Cicero, Seneca are the representatives of … A. the classic period B. the early Greek period C. the Christian period D. the Greek period E. the Roman period ANSWER: E 90. German Protestant theologian, the leading figure of the German Reformation. He preached the doctrine of justification by faith (the belief that people are freed from sin by their faith in God rather than by their good actions) and attacked papal authority. He was excommunicated in 1521. A. M. Luther B. There is no correct answer C. B. Castiglione D. J. Burckhardt E. J. Calvin ANSWER: A 91. Who told that the world is an objective intellect and according to logic is very close to subjective man’s intellect? A. Shevchenko B. Skovoroda C. Kant D. Bacon E. Hegel ANSWER: E 92. … any philosophical problem is studied in the context of God. A. Theocentrism B. Theodicy C. Theologism D. Personalism E. Gnosticism ANSWER: A 93. … the study which explains the contradiction of the idea of God as Absolute and the existence of the world evil. A. Theocentrism B. Theodicy C. Theologism D. Personalism E. Gnosticism ANSWER: B 94. … everything around is determined by God and eventually reaches its aim. A. Theocentrism B. Theodicy C. Theologism D. Personalism E. Gnosticism ANSWER: C 95. …God is Absolute Personality, which served as a sample for man creating. A. Theocentrism B. Theodicy C. Theologism D. Personalism E. Gnosticism ANSWER: D 96. … derived from the Greek word - “revealed knowledge”. A. Theocentrism B. Theodicy C. Theologism D. Personalism E. Gnosticism ANSWER: E 97. … was the first to prove the possibility to combine the Bible beliefs with the Greek philosophy. A. St. Aquinas B. St. Augustine C. Philo of Alexandria D. Plato E. Kant ANSWER: C 98. Who wrote the Confessions and the City of God? A. St. Aquinas B. St. Augustine C. Philo of Alexandria D. Plato E. Kant ANSWER: B 99. … was called the Angelic Doctor and the Prince of Scholastics A. St. Aquinas B. St. Augustine C. Philo of Alexandria D. Plato E. Kant ANSWER: A “Believe to understand”, who told this? A .Clement of Alexandria B. Quintus Tertullianus C. Origen D. There is no correct answer E. St. Augustin ANSWER: E 100.