Всероссийская олимпиада школьников по английскому языку

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Всероссийская олимпиада школьников по английскому языку.
Школьный этап 10-11 классы
22 октября 2012г.
Время выполнения 60 минут
READING
WILD CAMPING
Camping in the wild rather than at organized campsites is a great way of getting away from it all and getting back to
nature. Four experienced wild campers tell us why.
A Luise Gallivan
C Thomas Parsons
I’m turning my back on organized sites, particularly the
Perhaps the main reason why many people shy away from wild
supersized ones. Even at the relatively quiet sites you can
camping is our modern-day culture of ‘risk aversion’ – in other
seldom escape the constant chattering of people in
words, avoiding all activities that seem in any way dangerous,
neighbouring tents, or worse still, the noise of satellite-assisted
however unlikely it is that anything would actually go wrong.
televisions from camper vans. I go wild camping, which means In less paranoid times, wild camping was indeed very common,
I can set up my tent in a field or on a mountainside without
but people nowadays want safe environments, especially when
paying anyone for the privilege. Lots of ‘mild campers’ (that’s
it comes to feeling at ease with what their kids are doing, and
what we call the ones who use campsites) are waking up to the
organized campsites are the obvious answer. I’m not keen to
fact that wild camping gives you an eco-friendly break and
suggest good places to go wild camping, though because one of
offers a great deal more in the way of adventure. Because it’s
the joys of the activity comes from finding places nobody else
so different from ‘mild’ camping, though, people need to ask
knows about. For the beginner, I’d advise places which aren’t
themselves: ‘Do I really need this?’ before packing their stuff.
too far from civilization in case anything does go wrong. I
Wild camping is the ultimate budget holiday - once you’ve got learnt the hard way, weighing myself down with unnecessary
to wherever you’re going, the only expense is feeding yourself. home comforts and camping gadgets when apart from the usual
backpacker’s tent, warm sleeping-bag, spare clothes and food,
all you really need is a torch, lightweight cooking equipment, a
map and a compass.
B Anna Cresswell
My first experience of wild camping was a bit of an accident.
I’d trekked with a friend to a remote spot but we each had
different plans. She wanted to stay the night in a tent, whilst I
was wanted to head back home before bedtime. As it happened,
I was so exhausted that I ended up sharing the tiny
uncomfortable tent with her. I must say the experience put me
off wild camping for months, until I reminded myself that if I
hadn’t stayed, I’d never have witnessed that breathtaking sunset
which more than made up for all the discomfort. Then there’s
the excitement that comes from making yourself slightly
vulnerable: out in the wild with nobody watching over you.
And I never have to book, if the weather’s disappointing I don’t
go, if it turns cold I go home. This is as stress-free as holidays
get. But I’m a bit fussy about taking everything I need, even if
it means a heavier backpack: for example, I must have a folding
chair, a thin self-inflating mattress and a pile of good books.
D Jennie Martinez
Camping was an integral part of my early years, and I’ve
managed to pass on some of my enthusiasm to my own
children. In striving for little luxuries like hot showers, ‘mild’
campers miss out on the delights of wild camping. There are
very comfortable state-of-the-art tents available nowadays if
you want a bit of comfort, and they don’t cost that much. Once
you’re hooked on wild camping, nothing else will do and you
get not to mind occasional problems with ants or wasps. The
lack of fellow travelers makes me feel that the great views and
the starlit skies have been laid on expressly for my own
personal equipment. But camping in wild places also means
having to observe a few basic rules. For instance, during a
particular dry season, it’s best to avoid high fire-risk areas. I’ll
always remember a time when I was camping with friends and
we noticed that somebody had failed to extinguish a small fire
completely. We managed to put it out, but it could have been a
disaster.
For questions 1-14, choose from people (A-D). The people may be chosen more than once.
A. Luis Gallivan
B. Anna Cresswell
C. Thomas Parsons
D. Jenny Martinez
Which person
1) enjoys the idea of facing some risks while camping?
2) compares attitudes to wild camping now and in the past?
3) mentions the inexpensive nature of wild camping?
4) was forced by circumstances to share a camping experience?
5) is unwilling to recommend areas suitable for wild camping?
6) is pleased to have shown others how to enjoy camping?
7) accepts that parents may be concerned about their children?
8) refers to the need to travel light when wild camping?
9) explains how a negative experience made her avoid camping for a while?
10) says more people are beginning to see the attraction of wild camping?
11) describes a dangerous situation which could have been avoided?
12) says inexperienced campers should not go to remote places?
13) gives reasons for disliking organized campsites?
14) mentions being unable to do without certain comforts?
1. ___________
2. ___________
3 .____ 4.______
5.____________
6.____________
7.____________
8.____________
9.____________
10.____________
11.___________
12.___________
13.___________
14.___________
15.___________
Use of English
Task I
Choose the words that best complete the sentences in the text
Earthquakes are amongst the most destructive …………..(1) disasters. They usually …………………(2) without any
warning and ………………(3) in a great ……………………..(4) of life and an enormous demolition of buildings.
Additionally, they may cause devastating landslides or create gigantic tidal waves which, in …………………….(5),
are colossal walls of water smashing into seashores with such force that they are …………………(6) of destroying
coastal cities. However, the …………..(7) majority of fatalities and serious injuries …………………….(8) about
when buildings ……………………..(9).
Most frequently, the earthquake lasts 30 to 60 seconds, so usually there is no time to …………………(10) the mortal
……………………. (11) once the shaking starts. The savage forces of an earthquake trigger …………………….(12)
a complex chain ……………………..(13) in the building’s structure when it is shaken, lifted, pushed or pulled. A
building’s height , its shape and construction materials are the most significant …………………(14) deciding about
the survival or collapse of the structure and, consequently, about the life or death of its ………………………….(15).
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
a) nature
a) hit
a) result
a) fatality
a) fact
a) potential
a) wide
a) bring
a) demolish
a) avert
a) upkeep
a) up
a) activity
a) factors
a) settlers
b) naturalistic
b) strike
b) effect
b) waste
b) certainty
b) conceivable
b) broad
b) come
b) jumble
b) evade
b) upturn
b) on
b) motion
b) phenomena
b) citizens
c) natural
c) fall
c) lead
c) harm
c) honesty
c) capable
c) full
c) lay
c) destroy
c) abstain
c) upshot
c) out
c) progress
c) points
c) inhabitants
Task II
Rewrite the sentences using the given forms so that they retain their original meaning.
1.It wasn’t Tom that you saw in the department store, for sure.
couldn’t __________________________________________________________.
2.If I were you, I wouldn’t tell anybody about the discovery.
had_______________________________________________________________.
3. You are welcome to take any food you like.
help_________________________________________________________.
4. I haven’t visited Oslo since 2008.
time______________________________________________________________.
5. I don’t usually sleep after work.
habit_____________________________________________________________.
6. Little Tom was expecting to celebrate Christmas with real delight.
forward____________________________________________________________.
7. Michael works overtime because he wants to pay off his debts.
view_______________________________________________________________.
8. We are hiring a specialist to redecorate the flat.
having_____________________________________________________________.
9. Peter’s hair really ought to be cut.
needs______________________________________________________________.
10. Anthony claimed that the other man caused the collusion.
accused__________________________________________________________.
11. She didn’t go out until after Phillip had called her.
before_______________________________________________________.
d) native
d) attack
d) cause
d) loss
d) truth
d) possible
d) vast
d) make
d) collapse
d) restrain
d) uptake
d) off
d) reaction
d) ingredients
d) burghers
Writing
You must answer this question. Write your answer in 120-150 words in an appropriate style.
You have received an email from your English-speaking friend, Sophie, in which she asks for your help. Read Sophie’s email and
the notes you have made. Then write an email to Sophie, using all your notes.
Write your email. You must use grammatically correct sentences with accurate spelling and punctuation in a style appropriate for
the situation.
Всероссийская олимпиада школьников по английскому языку.
Школьный этап 10-11 классы
22 октября 2012г.
Время выполнения 60 минут
ANSWER SHEET
READING
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
1.________
2.________
3.______ 4.______
5.________
6.________
7.________
8.________
9.________
10._______
11._______
12._______
13._______
14._______
15._______
USE OF ENGLISH
Task 1
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
Task 2
1.____________________________________________________________________________
2.____________________________________________________________________________
3.____________________________________________________________________________
4.____________________________________________________________________________
5.____________________________________________________________________________
6.____________________________________________________________________________
7.____________________________________________________________________________
8.____________________________________________________________________________
9.____________________________________________________________________________
10.___________________________________________________________________________
11.___________________________________________________________________________
WRITING
email
To:
Sent:
Subject:
Всероссийская олимпиада школьников по английскому языку.
Школьный этап 10-11 классы
22 октября 2012г.
Время выполнения 60 минут
Максимальное количество баллов – 47 баллов
READING ( максимальное количество
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
1. A
2. C
3. C
5. B
6. C
7. D
8. C
9. C
10. B
11. A
12. D
13. C
14. A
15. B
баллов – 15)
4. A
USE OF ENGLISH (максимальное количество баллов – 26)
Task 1
6. c
7. b
8. a
9. d
10. a
6. c
7. d
8. b
9. d
10. a
11. c
12. d
13. d
14. a
15. c
Task 2
1. It couldn’t have been Tom that you saw in the department.
2. You had better not tell anybody about the discovery.
3. Help yourself to any food you like.
4. The last time I visited Oslo was in 2008.
5. I’m not in the habit of sleeping after work.
6. Little Tom was looking forward to celebrating Christmas.
7. Michael works overtime with a view to paying off his debts.
8. We are having the flat decorated by a specialist.
9. Peter’s hair needs to be cut/cutting.
10. Anthony accused the other man of collusion.
11. She waited until Phillip had called before she went out.
Баллы
Требования к оцениванию заданий раздела «Письмо»
Критерии оценивания выполнения задания С1
(максимум 6 баллов)
Решение
Организация текста
Языковое оформление
коммуникативной
текста
задачи
К3
Используемый словарный
запас и грамматические
структуры соответствуют
поставленной задаче;
орфографические и
пунктуационные ошибки
практически
отсутствуют (допускается
не более 2-х негрубых
лексико-грамматических
ошибок или/и не более 2-х
негрубых
орфографических
и пунктуационных
ошибок)
Высказывание не
Имеются лексические и
1
Задание выполнено не
полностью: содержание
всегда логично; имеются грамматические ошибки,
отражает не все аспекты,
недостатки/ошибки в ис- не затрудняющие
указанные в задании
пользовании средств
понимания текста;
(более одного аспекта
логической связи, их
имеются орфографические
раскрыто не полностью
выбор ограничен;
и пунктуационные
или один аспект
деление текста на абзацы ошибки, не затрудняющие
полностью отсутствует);
нелогично/отсутствует;
коммуникации
встречаются нарушения
имеются отдельные
(допускается не
стилевого оформления
нарушения принятых
более 4-х негрубых
речи или/и принятых в
норм оформления
лексико-грамматических
языке норм вежливости
личного письма
ошибок или/и не более 4-х
негрубых
орфографических
и пунктуационных
ошибок)
Отсутствует логика в
Понимание текста
0
Задание не выполнено:
содержание не отражает
построении
затруднено из-за
тех аспектов, которые
высказывания;
множества
указаны в задании, или/и
принятые нормы
лексико-грамматических
не соответствует
оформления личного
ошибок
требуемому объёму
письма не
соблюдаются
Примечание. При получении 0 баллов по критерию «Решение коммуникативной задачи» всё
задание оценивается в 0 баллов.
2
К1
Задание выполнено
полностью: содержание
отражает все аспекты,
указанные в задании
(даны полные ответы на
все вопросы, заданы три
вопроса по указанной
теме); стилевое оформление
речи выбрано правильно с
учетом цели высказывания
и адресата; соблюдены
принятые в языке нормы
вежливости
К2
Высказывание логично;
средства логической
связи использованы правильно; текст верно
разделён на абзацы;
структурное оформление
текста соответствует
нормам, принятым в
стране
изучаемого языка
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