Practice - Equilibrium Constants

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Unit 8 – Equilibrium
Section 1 – Equilibrium Constants
Introduction to Equilibrium
1. What is the difference between physical and chemical equilibrium?
2. Give an example of physical equilibrium and an example of chemical equilibrium.
3. At the end of Section 15.1 the book lists three important stipulations for equilibrium to exist. Draw a picture at
the particulate level that represents these points.
The Equilibrium Constant
4. Write the equilibrium constant expression, Keq, for the reaction: A(g) + 2B(g)  3C(g)
Converting Between Kc and Kp
5. Consider the reaction: N2O4(g)  2NO2(g) with an equilibrium constant, Kc, of 0.49 at 100°C. Calculate the Kp
for this reaction at the same temperature.
6. Consider the reaction: 2SO2(g) + O2(g)  2SO3(g) with an equilibrium constant, Kp, of 0.345 at 900K. Calculate
the Kc for this reaction at the same temperature.
7. Methanol gas (CH3OH) is produced commercially by the catalyzed reaction of carbon monoxide and hydrogen.
An equilibrium mixture in a 2.00 L vessel is found to contain 0.0406 mol of methanol, 0.170 mol of carbon
monoxide, and 0.302 mol of hydrogen at 500 K. Calculate the Kp and Kc for this equilibrium.
Interpreting Equilibrium Constants
8. The equilibrium constant, Kc, for the reaction: 2NOCl(g)  2NO(g) + Cl2(g) is 2.4 x 10-7
What is the equilibrium constant, Kc, for the reaction: 2NO(g) + Cl2(g)  2NOCl(g)
Which will likely be favored: the reactants or products?
9. The equilibrium constant, Kc, for the reaction: 2NOCl(g)  2NO(g) + Cl2 (g) is 2.4 x 10-7
What is the equilibrium constant, Kc, for the reaction: 1/3 Cl2(g ) + 2/3 NO(g)  2/3 NOCl(g)
Which will likely be favored: the reactants or products?
10. Given the following equilibrium equations and their corresponding equilibrium constants:
2CO2(g) + H2O(g)  2O2(g) + CH2CO(g)
Kc = 6.1 x 108
CH4 (g) + 2O2 (g)  CO2(g) + 2H2O (g)
Kc = 1.2 x 1014
Find Kc for the reaction: CH4(g) + CO2(g)  CH2CO(g) + H2O(g)
RICE Tables
11. A mixture of 9.22 moles of A, 10.11 moles of B, and 27.83 moles of C is placed in a one-liter container at a
certain temperature. The reaction is allowed to reach equilibrium. At equilibrium the number of moles of B is
8.32. Calculate the equilibrium constant for the reaction: A(g) + 2B(g)  3C(g)
12. A mixture of 1.16 mole of A, 1.35 mole of B and 0.641 mole of C is placed in a one-liter container at a certain
temperature. The reaction was allowed to reach equilibrium. At equilibrium the number of moles of A is 1.95.
Calculate the equilibrium constant, Kc, for the reaction: 2 A (g)  2 B (g) + C (g)
13. 0.822 mole of SO3(g) is placed in a 1.00 liter container at 600 K. 36.7 % of the SO3(g) is decomposed when
equilibrium is established. 2SO3(g) ↔ 2SO2(g) + O2(g) What is the value of the equilibrium constant, Kc, at the
same temperature?
14. For the equilibrium: 2BrCl(g) ↔ Br2(g) + Cl2(g) at 205 ° C, the equilibrium constant, Kc, is 0.143. If 1.34 moles
each of Br2(g) and Cl2(g) are introduced in a container which has a volume of 11.0 liters and allowed to reach
equilibrium at 205 °C, what would be the concentrations of Br2(g), Cl2(g), and BrCl(g) at equilibrium?
15. A mixture of 3.31 moles of A, 4.33 moles of B, and 5.95 moles of C is placed in a one-liter container at a certain
temperature. The reaction was allowed to reach equilibrium. At equilibrium, the number of moles of B is 6.16.
Calculate the equilibrium constant, Kc, for the reaction: A(g) ↔ 3B(g) + 2C(g)
16. For the reaction: 2A(g) ↔ B(g) + C(g) at 900 ° C, Kc is 1.40 x 10-3. If 0.780 mole of A(g) and 0.244 mole each of
B(g) and C(g) are mixed in a 1.00 liter container at 900 °C, what are the concentrations of A, B, and C at
equilibrium?
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