Infection Control Orientation Outline I. General Infection Prevention Principles A. Handwashing and Hand Hygiene 1. 2. B. Employee Health 1. 2. 3. 4. C. Work restrictions for communicable diseases Reporting of exposures to infectious diseases Vaccines TB skin tests Patient Infections 1. 2. II. Washing with soap and water Use of alcohol handrubs Prevention of infections Recognition and reporting a. Definitions of infection b. Post op complication communication form c. Verbal reports to Quality/Infection control nurse d. Documentation of signs and symptoms of infection Standard Precautions and other barrier precautions A. Reasons for Standard Precautions 1. 2. 3. Employee protection against bloodborne diseases OSHA regulations CDC recommendations B. Standard Precautions Policy C. Components of Standard Precautions 1. Barriers for protection a. Gowns b. Gloves c. Masks d. Eye protection e. Ambu bags or CPR devices 2. 3. 4. D. Safer sharps devices Biomedical waste Linen handling Transmission-Based Precautions 1. 2. 3. E. Airborne Droplet Contact Additional Infection Concepts: 1. Standard precautions/transmission-based precautions protect employees from acquiring transmissible diseases from the patient. Principles of asepsis are designed to protect the patient from microorganisms from the equipment/environment/caregiver. a. Clean technique – refers to practices that reduce the numbers of microorganisms to prevent or reduce transmission. b. Sterile technique – refers to practices designed to render and maintain areas and equipment maximally free from microorganisms. Patients are increasingly immune-compromised and require diligent protection from microorganisms due to increased risk and susceptibility. Separation of clean and dirty procedures is paramount to the prevention of spread of microorganisms. 2. 3. 4. F. Compliance Monitoring 1. 2. Staff self-evaluations Observation of practices OSHA Bloodborne Pathogens Standard Physician Information Outline History of the Standard o Hepatitis B o HIV/AIDS o CDC Recommendations o OSHA Standard Bloodborne Diseases o Hepatitis B Epidemiology Transmission Symptoms o Hepatitis C Epidemiology Transmission Symptoms o HIV Infection Epidemiology Transmission Symptoms Exposure Control Plan o Review of each element o Exposure determination: recognition of tasks requiring occupation exposure o Application to specific audience o Location of Exposure Control Plan Personal Protective Equipment o o o o o o o o Types Use Location Selection Removal Handling Decontamination Disposal Work Practice and Engineering Controls o Environmental Modifications o Work Practices o Handwashing/hand hygiene o Safer Sharps and Sharps Handling Standard Precautions o Overview o Policy Review Hepatitis B Immunization o Who is at risk? o Benefits of Immunization o Method of Administration Dose Schedule Site o Side Effects o Consent Form o Declination Exposure Incident o Definition o Reporting o Follow-up Biohazard Signs o Labels o Color coding Infection Control Education Checklist for Physicians General Handwashing/hand hygiene General Health Work restrictions Reporting exposures Immunizations Influenza Hepatitis B Tuberculin skin testing Information of Patient SSI Prevention Recognition Reporting Personal Protective Equipment Gloves Gowns Masks, face and eye protection Bloodborne Pathogens Overview HBV, HCV, HIV Exposure Control Plan Information Presented Verbalizes Understanding Yes Yes No No Comments Safer Sharps Sharps Disposal Biomedical Waste Linen Handling Are there any areas of infection control where you need further detail? Yes No If yes, please list: _______________________ Physician Date __________ __________________ Date Information given Source: Sandy Berreth, Brainerd Lakes Surgery Center. Adapted and reprinted with permission.