東亞與南亞之民主與民主化 - National Chengchi University

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2015.1.18
Democracy and Democratisation in East and South Asia
Spring 2016
Teacher responsible: Dr. Mei-chuan Wei
Graduate Institute of Development Studies, NCCU
1410-1700, Tuesday
Office Hours: 1400-1700 Thursday
Office: 270705; Email: [email protected]
Course introduction/課程介紹:
The course is concerned with recent political developments in East and South Asia. In
addition to the issues that have long been central to research in democratisation in the
region concerned and studied extensively, we draw attention to some important/new
issues that have been neglected in the existing literature. These issues include: the
contesting conceptions of democracy (e.g. the ‘liberal vs. illiberal democracy’ debate);
the relations between gender, development and democracy; and the impact of
globalisation on democracy.
Aims and objectives/課程宗旨與目標:
We are particularly interested in how the idea of democracy has evolved, what it
means and what institutional arrangements it entails in different parts of the region
concerned. We are also interested in how democracy has interacted with the forces of
development, modernisation and globalisation, of nationalism and ethnic, religious
and other political-cultural traditions. We shall examine how and why, despite
conflicts and uncertainties, democracy has become increasingly influential in political
processes, policy formulations and ideological commitments. By focusing on the
current political and socio-economic, and in some cases regime, transformations, we
will learn how the concept of democracy is continuously contested in Asia,
ideologically as much as institutionally. At the end of the course, students are
expected to be familiar with contemporary political changes in South and East Asia,
and competent in discussing at least two country cases with detailed historical and
empirical knowledge. Students should also achieve a sophisticated awareness of the
difficulties with theorisation at the time when the idea of democracy has achieved
global dominance with ever fewer competitors for legitimacy and legitimation.
Course requirements/課程要求:
1. One course essay (about 10000 words) should be submitted at the end of the
semester. Please hand in the hard copy of your essay to the teacher’s mail box.
2. Course grades will be calculated as follows: presentation and class
participation—50%; course essay—50%.
1
Course outline and readings/每週課程進度與閱讀書目:
Week 1 (23 Feb) Course introduction and overview
* Suggested reading:
Ian Bremmer, 2010, The End of the Free Market: Who Wins the War Between States
and Corporations? (N. Y.: Portfolio)
Week 2 (01 Mar)
General themes about democracy in Asia (I): Democracy and
liberal democracy
Readings:
1. Beetham, David, 1994, ‘Introduction’, in D. Beetham (ed.), Defining and Measuring
Democracy (London: Sage)
2. Held, David, 2000, ‘The development of liberal democracy: For and against the
state’, Model of Democracy (2 edn.), (Cambridge: Polity Press)
* Suggested readings:
1. Westad, O. R., 2005, The Global Cold War (Cambridge: CUP)
2. Zakaria, Fareed, 2004, The Future of Freedom: Liberal Democracy at Home and
Abroad (N.Y.: Norton)
3. Weale, Albert, 1999, ‘Introduction: Democracy and Political Theory’, Democracy
(London: MacMillan Press Ltd.)
Week 3 (08 Mar)
General themes about democracy in Asia (II): Democracy and
modernization
Readings:
1. Parekh, Bhikhu, 1996, ‘The cultural particularity of liberal democracy’, in David
Held (eds.), 1996, Prospects for Democracy(Cambridge: Polity Press)
2. Weale, Albert, 1999, ‘Varieties of Democracy’, Democracy (London: MacMillan
Press Ltd.)
Week 4 (15 Mar ) Japanese democracy: External engineering, party politics and
bureaucracy
Readings:
1. Dower,
John,
1999,
‘Introduction’,
‘Engineering
Growth’,
and
‘Legacies/Fantasies/Dreams’, in John Dower, Embracing Defeat: Japan in the
aftermath of World War II (London: Penguin)
2. Bullock, Robert W., 2000, ‘Japan’, in Jeffrey Kopstein and Mark Lichbach (eds.),
Comparative Politics (Cambridge: CUP)
3. Lipset, M, 1994, ‘Binary comparisons: American exceptionalism—Japanese
uniqueness’, in M. Dogan and A. Kazancigil (eds.), Comparing Nations (Oxford:
Blackwell)
* Suggested readings:
1. Potter, David, 1996, ‘Democratization in Asia’, in David Held (ed.), Prospects for
Democracy (Cambridge: Polity Press)
Week 5 (22 Mar)
Indian democracy: colonial legacy, modernisation,
2
and governability (I) ?
Readings:
1. Sarkar, Sumit, 2001, ‘Indian democracy: the historical inheritance’, in Atul Kohli
(ed.), The Success of India’s Democracy (Cambridge: CUP)
2. Lijpart, Arend, 1996, ‘The Puzzle of Indian Democracy: A Consociational
Interpretation’, The American Political Science Review, Vol. 90, No. 2, Jun. 1996, pp.
258-268
3. Varshney, A., 1998, ‘India defies the odds: why democracy survives’, Journal of
Democracy, Vol. 19, No. 3, 1998
* Suggested readings:
1. Brown, J., 1985, Modern India: The Origins of an Asian Democracy (Oxford: OUP)
Week 6 (29 Mar)
Indian democracy: colonial legacy, modernisation,
and governability (II)
Readings:
1. Brass, P., 1999, ‘India: democratic progress and problems’, in Harrison, et al (eds.),
India and Pakistan: the First Fifty Years (Cambridge: CUP)
2. Das Gupta, Jyotirindra, 1995, ‘India: Democratic Becoming and Developmental
Transition’, in L. Diamond, J. Linz and M. Lipset (eds.)(1995), Politics in
Developing Countries: Comparing Experiences with Democracy (Boulder, Colorado:
Lynne Rienner)
3. Ray, Aswini K., 2002, ‘Globalization and democratic governance: The Indian
experience’, in C. Kinnvall and K. Jönsson (eds.), Globalization and
Democratization in Asia: the Construction of Identity (London: Routledge)
* Suggested readings:
1. Kohli, Atul, 1990, Democracy and Discontent: India’s Growing Crisis of
Governability (Cambridge: CUP)
2. Kohli, Atul (ed.), 2001, The Success of India’s Democracy (Cambridge: CUP)
Week 7 (05 April)
Adjusted Holiday
Week 8 (12 April)
Democracy and authoritarianism in South Asia
Readings:
1. Chadda, M., Building Democracy in South Asia: India, Nepal, Pakistan (N. Y.:
Rienner)
2. Cooper, F., 2005, Colonialism in Question: Theory, Knowledge, History
(California: U of California Press)
Week 9 (19 April)
Democratisation in the NICs: state capacity and regime change
(I): South Korea and Taiwan
Readings:
1. Potter, David, 1997, ‘Explaining democratization’, in David Potter et al (eds.),
Democratization (Cambridge: Polity)
2. Potter, David, 1997, ‘Democratization at the same time in South Korea and Taiwan’,
in David Potter et al (eds.), Democratization (Cambridge: Polity)
3. Leftwich, A., 1995, ‘Bringing the state back in: towards a model of the
3
developmental state,’ Journal of Development Studies, Vol. 3, No. 13, Feb. 1995
* Suggested readings:
1. Robinson, M., and G. White (eds.), 1998, The Democratic Developmental State:
Politics and Institutional Design (Oxford: OUP)
Week 10 (26 April) Democratisation in the NICs: state capacity and regime change
(II): Singapore and Hong Kong
Readings:
1. Ng, Margaret, 1998, ‘Why Asia needs democracy: a view from Hong Kong’, in
Larry Diamond and Marc F. Plattner (eds.), Democracy in East Asia (Baltimore:
Johns Hopkins UP)
2. Bell, Daniel A. and Jayasuriya, Kanishka, 1995, ‘Understanding illiberall democracy:
a framework’, in Daniel Bell, David Brown, Kanishka Jayasuriya and David Martin
Jones (eds.), Towards Illiberal Democracy in Asia Pacific (London: MacMillan)
3. Cotton, James, 1997, ‘East Asian democracy: progress and limits’, in Larry Diamond
et al (eds.), Consolidating the Third Wave Democracies (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins
University Press)
* Suggested readings:
1. Hill, M. and L. K. Fee, The Politics of Nation Building and Citizenship in Singapore
(London: Routledge)
2. Chan, Ming, 1997, ‘The legacy of British administration of Hong Kong: a view from
Hong Kong’, China Quarterly, No. 151, 1997
Week 11 (03 May)
Transformation of Asian communism: communism and
democracy
Readings:
1. Held, David, 2000, ‘Direct democracy and the end of politics’, Models of
Democracy (Cambridge: Polity Press)
2. Satori, Giovanni, 1962, ‘Another Democracy?’, in Giovanni Satori, Democratic
Theory (London: Frederick A Praeger)
3. Womack, B., 1991, ‘In search of democracy: public authority and popular power in
China’, in Brantly Womack (ed.), Contemporary Chinese Politics in Historical
Perspective (Cambridge: CUP)
Week 12 (10 May) Reform and renovation: China, Vietnam and Laos; North Korea?
Readings:
1. Jönsson, Kristina, 2002, ‘Globalization, authoritarian regimes and political change
-Vietnam and Laos’, in C. Kinnvall and K. Jönsson (eds), Globalization and
Democratization in Asia: the Construction of Identity ( London Routledge)
2. Gainsborough, Martin, 1997, ‘Political change in Vietnam’, in David Potter et al
(eds.), Democratization (Cambridge: Polity)
3. Lin, Chun, 2006, Chapter 3 ‘People's Democracy’, in Lin Chun, The
Transformation of Chinese Socialism (Durham and London: Duke University
Press)
Week 13 (17 May) Ethnic, religious and linguistic politics and democratization
4
Readings:
1. Wolpert, Stanley, 1999, ‘India, the Multicultural Paradigm’, Orbis, Vol. 43, No. 4,
Fall 1999, pp. 575-79
2. Dreyer, June Teufel, ‘China, the Multicultural Paradigm’, Orbis, Vol. 43, No. 4,
Fall 1999, pp. 581-97.
3. Manor, James, 1998, ‘India Defies the Odds: Making Federalism Work’, Journal of
Democracy, Vol. 9, No. 3, July 1998.
Week 14 (24 May) Multiculturalism and democracy
Readings:
1. Kymlicka, Will, 2005, ‘Liberal multiculturalism: Western models, global trends, and
Asian debates’, in Will Kymlicka and Baogang He(eds.), Multiculturalism in Asia
(Oxford: Oxford UP)
2. Mohapatra, Bishnu N., 2002, ‘Democratic citizenship and minority rights’, in C.
Kinnvall and K. Jönsson (eds.), Globalization and Democratization in Asia (London:
Routledge)
3. Dasgupta, J., 2001, ‘India’s federal design and multicultural national construction’,
in Atul Kohli (ed.), The Success of India’s Democracy (Cambridge: CUP)
Week 15 (31 May) Democracy, development and gender
Readings:
1. Przeworski, Adam, 1993, ‘The neoliberal fallacy’, in Larry Diamond and Marc
Plattner (eds.), Capitalism, Socialism, and Democracy Revisited (Baltimore: Johns
Hopkins UP)
2. Randall, Vicky, 1997, ‘Why have the political trajectories of India and China been
different’, in David Potter et al (ed.), Democratization (Cambridge: Polity Press)
3. Clark, Cal and Lee, Rose J., 2000, ‘Women’s Status in East Asia’, in Rose J. Lee
and Cal Clark (eds.), Democracy & the Status of Women in East Asia (London:
Lynne Reinner)
4. Ling, L.H.M., 2000, ‘The limit of democratization for women in east Asia’, in
Rose J. Lee and Cal Clark (eds.), Democracy & the Status of Women in East Asia
(London: Lynne Reinner)
Week 16 (07 Jun) Contesting democratic legitimacy: Political culture and human
rights
Readings:
1. Schmitter, Philippe C. and Karl, Terry Lynn,1993,‘What Democracy is...and is
not’, in L. Diamond &M. Platner (eds.), The Global Resurgence of Democracy
(Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP)
2. Lipset, Seymour Martin, 1993, ‘The centrality of political culture’, in L. Diamond
&M. Platner(eds.), The Global Resurgence of Democracy (Baltimore: Johns
Hopkins UP)
3. Francis Fukuyama, ‘The primacy of culture’, Journal of Democracy
Week 17 (14 Jun) Nationalism, regional security, globalisation: impacts on
democracy
5
Readings:
1. Friedman, Edward, 2000, ‘Immanuel Kant’s relevance to an enduring Asia-Pacific
peace’, in E. Friedman and B. L. McCormick (eds.), What if China Doesn’t
Democratize? (Armonk,N.Y.:M.E.Sharpe)
2. Mann, Michael, 2004, ‘Taiwan in the Web of Empire: Wars, Capitalism and
Empires’, paper prepared for the Conference “Taiwan at the Edge of Empire”,
Center for Contemporary China, National Tsing Hua University, Taipei, December
18-19, 2004.
3. Anderson, Benedict, 2001,‘Western nationalism and Eastern nationalism: Is there
a difference that matters’, New Left Review, No. 9, May/Jun 2001, pp.31-42.
Week 18 (21 Jun) Final Exam Week/ Round-up
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