# Plate Tectonics and Earthquakes TEST Study Guide

```Maps, Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes & Volcanoes Study Guide
 ALSO REVIEW - All notes, homework, Labs or any other handouts
 REVIEW – Plate Tectonics QUIZ
NAME________________
Weathering & Erosion
1. Explain the difference between mechanical and chemical weathering
2. List and explain the 4 types of mechanical weathering
3. Use your soil texture diagram (in your notes) to determine the type of soil with the various compositions below.
a. 15% Clay, 70% Sand, 15% Silt
b. 10% Sand, 75% Silt, , 15% Clay
c. 60% Clay, 20% Silt, 20% Sand
Maps
4. On the map below, label the northern hemisphere, the southern hemisphere, western hemisphere, eastern
hemisphere, prime meridian and equator.
5.
Label the points listed below on the map of the world.
a. Draw a star at 20º N, 60º W
b. Draw a smiley face at 25ºS, 75ºE
c. Draw a lightning bolt at 45ºN, 10ºE
d. Write your name at 100ºS, 65ºW
6. Using the white topographic map (HubbardScientific), answer the following questions.
- Give the latitude and longitude coordinates of the peak of Bald Peak
Latitude = __________________
Longitude = ______________________
- Name two of the three cities listed on the map.
a. ________________
b.___________________
- Calculate the distance (using the scale at the bottom of the map and a ruler) between Blue Lake and the top of White
Mountain on the map. __________________________
- What stream can be found at 436 latitude? ___________________________________
-
What is the contour interval of this map? __________________________
-
A V-shaped contour line indicates? _______________________
7.
Match the contour map on the left with the profile on the right.
Layers of the Earth
8. Label the layers of the earth ( F & G are the types of crust)
A.
F.
B.
G.
D.
C.
D.
C.
E.
E.
F.
G.
H.
H.
B.
9.
How do oceanic and continental plates move?
Continental Drift
10. Explain Alfred Wegener’s theory of continental drift.
11. List and explain Wegener’s 4 pieces of evidence to support his theory of continental drift.
12. Describe Pangaea. How is Pangaea related to continental drift?
13. How do the continents move?
Plate Boundaries
14. List and explain the types of plate boundaries. Draw a picture of each boundary and give an example of each.
15. Review the table below.
16. Explain and locate the Ring of Fire
17. List and describe the 4 pieces of evidence for the theory of plate tectonics.
18. During seafloor spreading, where is the oldest and youngest crust?
Earthquakes
19. What is an earthquake and where do they occur?
20. List the steps of causing an earthquake.
21. Describe Aftershock & Foreshock
22. Explain the difference between the Mercalli Scale & the Richtor Scale. How are these scales used to measure
intensity and magnitude?
23. What is a seismograph and how does it work?
24. What is a seismogram and what type of data does it show?
25. Label the seismogram below.
26. Label the parts of the wave below.
A
B
C
D
E
F
27. Describe P – waves, S – waves & L – waves
28. What is a tsunami?
29. Draw a picture and label the parts of a volcano.
Complete the following activities in order to “study” for the test.
Visit these sites on your own to review topics that you feel uncomfortable with.
Layers of the Earth = http://www.schooltube.com/video/6c530e67330b161a5c47/Layers-of-the-Earth
Major Tectonic Plates = http://www.learner.org/interactives/dynamicearth/plate2.html
http://www.globalchange.umich.edu/globalchange1/current/lectures/evolving_earth/plates.gif
Earthquakes =
http://www.pbs.org/wnet/savageearth/earthquakes/index.html
Types of Waves = http://www.tjhsst.edu/~jlafever/wanimate/Wave_Properties2.html
http://www.classzone.com/books/earth_science/terc/content/visualizations/es1002/es1002page01.cfm
Take the test from the following spot to review Plate Tectonics. http://www.quia.com/quiz/3052917.html
Many Review Games – Scroll down to play
http://reviewgamezone.com/game-list.php?id=17&name=Plate%20Tectonics,%20Earthquakes%20and%20Volcanoes
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