Genetics Quiz Name:_________________________ Date:_____________ Part 1: Matching: Match the vocab word to its definition. ___ Alleles A. The substance of which genes are made. ___ Gene B. The smallest living unit. ___ Generation C. A process of producing cells with identical genes. ___ Offspring D. Usually the inheritance of a living creature. ___ Dominant E. Any organism that resembles its parent. ___ Chromosome F. A structure in the nucleus that contains DNA. ___ DNA G. Two types of genes, dominant and recessive. ___ Cell H. A unit of inheritance. ___ Cloning I. A gene that shows the characteristics of another gene. ___ Genetics J. The scientific study of heredity. Part 2: Short Answer Answer the following questions with at least two sentences. 1. Explain the difference between dominant and recessive alleles. For example, if I have brown eyes what would the allele look like. 2. Who is famous for discovering heredity? What experiment did he do to discover heredity?