Michelangelo & Leonardo Michelangelo-studied sculpture in Florence. He studied the human anatomy by cutting up parts of a body to reproduce in his sculptures. He created La Pieta (1498-1500) by the time he was 25 years old. It is housed in St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome. This is the only worked that he signed (overheard someone say it was done by another sculptor and sent Michelangelo into a fit of rage so he chiseled his name into it). In Il Davide (1501-1504), Michelangelo proved to his contemporaries that he not only surpassed all modern artists, but also the Greeks and Romans, by infusing formal beauty with powerful expressiveness and meaning. In 1508 he was summoned to do the Sistine Chapel ceiling. It took him over four years to draw and paint over 400 figures. He got to a point where he could only read things above his head (from lying on the scaffolding all those years). He was also one of the architects for St. Peter’s Basilica. Leonardo-created the fresco The Last Supper from 1495-1498 in Milan. He started painting the Mona Lisa in Florence (1506-1519). He studied anatomy, town-planning, optics and hydraulic engineering. His works included a parachute, car, churches and temples, battleship, boat with paddle wheels, odometer, pulleys, and revolving bridge. He was seen as a superlative male beauty, had a good singing voice, magnificent physique, mathematical excellence, scientific daring... the list is endless. This overabundance of talents caused him to treat his artistry lightly, seldom finishing a picture, and sometimes making rash technical experiments. The Last Supper, in the church of Santa Maria delle Grazie in Milan, for example, has almost vanished, so inadequate were his innovations in fresco preparation. He used sfumato (softening of outlines), chiaroscuro (blending of light and dark) and oil paintings.