Irving Harris Early Development Education Program (IHEDEP) The success of the IHEDEP program of the Department of Neonatology of the Shaare Zedek Medical Center these past four years, as detailed in the attached report, confirms the need to expand and extend the training of professionals who are involved in the care of high risk newborn infants in techniques of both assessment and intervention. In addition, the practical experience of the program, in particular, the results of systematic study of Kangaroo Care of premature infants, has emphasized the need to further develop structured programs that will assist families in creating and sustaining the proper parenting style so needed for these infants, To that end we request support for an additional three years to focus on a twofold goal: 1. Expansion of the training program utilizing our curriculum to increasing numbers of medical, nursing, psychology and allied health professional. The setting for these seminars/lectures and demonstration will be the Department of Neonatology and its nurseries (including the newborn intensive care unit-NICU) and its follow up clinic facilities. In particular the targeted professionals will be nurses and developmental psychologists who will be working in such setting. Both the Departments of Psychology of the Hebrew University and Bar Ilan University will utilize the resources of this Shaare Zedek Harris program as will Nursing School of the Shaare Zedek Medical Center. Additionally, students from the new medical school program of the Columbia University (NY)- Ben Gurion University (Beer Sheva) School of International Health who will be rotating on a regular basis to the SZMC Neonatology program will be exposed to these developmental concepts and approaches. The recent seminar on the subject of the follow up of high risk premature infants that was conducted by Dr Eidelman for the newly established Israel Association of Infant Mental Health ( affiliate of the World Association of Infant Mental Health WAIHM) 2. The second focus of the program will on the families themselves, i.e. the training and supervision of the mothers and fathers to provide the critically needed stimulation, interaction and nurturing of the high risk newborn. Of interest is the 3. fact that the Israel Academy of Science has awarded Drs Eidelman and Feldman a 4-year grant of $180,000 to study the special needs of one subset of such high-risk infants - multiple birth infants (particularly triplets). This grant no doubt is an outgrowth of the work already done with the support of the Harris foundation and is testimony to the success of providing initial start up funding for our programs.