The Hundred Years’ War
(pp. 401-403)
1. Which of the following was the central issue of the Hundred Years' War?
a. the throne of France
b. the throne of England
c. the location of the pope's home
d. the religion of the French people
2. The most effective fighters at the battles of Crécy, Poitiers, and Agincourt, were the English longbowmen.
Battle of Agincourt – October 25, 1415
Ten thousand English archers and knights met 50,000 French knights in full armor. It rained all night in the
narrow, boggy field of Agincourt. Two forward battle lines of English archers—armed with powerful
longbows—rained arrows down on the tightly packed French knights mounted on horseback in full armor
and banners. The fully armored French knights were so heavy their horses quickly became mired in the mud
and could not move. The English arrows continued to rain down on the French, wounding horses and
knights alike, but they could not move forward into the English arrows or backward into the field of
thousands of knights behind them. Out of arrows, the English forces advanced with axe and broadsword to
kill and capture all the knights wounded or stuck in the mud. The rest of the French army fled the battlefield.
Activity 3. Draw a picture of the Battle of Agincourt depicting the English longbowmen against
the fully armored French knights on horseback.
4. The French troops who broke the siege of Orléans were led into battle by Joan of Arc.
Activity 5. As the top newspaper reporter for the Late Middle Ages Herald, write your recent
(imaginary) interview with Joan of Arc for a front-page feature article.
6. What was the most important effect of the Hundred Years' War?
a. It caused the development of national identities in England and France.
b. It led to Joan of Arc becoming France's patron saint.
c. It destroyed formerly prosperous English towns and villages.
d. It put an end to the three-field approach to farming.
7. Which developments did the most to end the Middle Ages?
a. Crusades, longbow, Battle of Hastings, the Great Schism
b. Hundred Years' War, Parliament, Inquisition, Reconquista
c. longbow, bubonic plague, Hundred Years' War, the Great Schism
d. guilds, bubonic plague, Inquisition, common law