DNA TEMPLATE AND PRIMER PREPARATION GUIDELINES FOR SEQUENCING For the purification of the DNA template the following protocols are recommended: QIAGEN Qiawell and QIAprep DNA isolation protocols (dsDNA and ssDNA) QIAGEN Qiaquick PCR purification protocol (PCR products must be homogeneous) Other purification kits: Promega SV Prep Promega Wizard Roche Diagnostics High Pure Plasmid Isolation Kit BCI SV Prep BioRad plasmid miniprep Kit 5’-3’ Perfectprep Plasmid DNA Kit Viogenic Mini- M Plasmid DNA Miniprep System BIO 101 RPM Kit Standard alkaline lysis Preps (NO PHENOL! AND WITH RNASE TREATEMENT) NOTE: CsCl Preps have been found to cause low signal and current instability problems. Resuspension of purified products: DNA should be dissolved in sterile deionized water or in 10mM Tris pH 8.5 (no EDTA) Template Quantification: For commercial Minipreps: Readings should be taken at 260nm and 280nm. 260/280 ratio should be between 1.8 and 2.0. Make sure there is NO RNA in the DNA preparation. For manual Minipreps: Quantification should be performed by gel electrophoresis and run with a known standard. For PCR Products: PCR products should be quantitated and verified by gel electrophoresis and run with a known standard. Contaminants affecting the DNA sequencing: Sequencing reactions will fail if there is more than: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 1 mg of RNA 0.3 % of PEG 0.5 mM of sodium acetate 1.25% of ethanol 0% Phenol 0% Chloroform 5 mM CsCl 5 mM EDTA Primer considerations: When designing your primers, there are several conditions that should be considered: Have a size of 20-24 bases GC content should be around 50% Tm should be greater than 500C with an optimum of 600C The primer should be situated at 40 bp before the sequence of interest Avoid primer dimerization (The recommended software is OLIGO 6.0) Purifications by HPLC or OCP columns is highly recommended Working primer stock of 3-5 uM is satisfactory for the DNA sequencing Make sure that there is only one annealing site for the primer used Verify that there are not any known polymorphisms in the annealing site of your primer.