Introduction to Syntax Instructor: Claire Hsun-huei Chang 張郇慧 Office Hours: 2-4 Tue, 2-4 Thur and by appointment Office: Research Bldg 0924 Tel: ext. 88186 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Course Description: This course introduces basic concepts and issues which are essential in the description of the syntactic structure of languages and with which formal syntactic theories are concerned. Syntactic phenomena from a range of languages will be presented, though emphasis would be on syntactic structures of English. Topics covered include phrase structure rules, grammar and meaning, lexicon and grammar, and different types of syntactic phenomena, such as relativization, reflexivization, causativization. Students will be familiar with basic syntactic concepts, structures and develop a theory of grammar and have opportunities to exercise syntactic analyses and argumentation. Requirements: Attendance, in-class writing, exams, one syntax file on a particular syntactic phenomenon Reading: reading package http://wals.info Grading: Attendance 15% In-class writing 20% syntax file 25% exams 40% Schedule Week 1 9/20 Introduction: overview basic concepts in syntax What is syntax? (Tallerman: Understanding syntax) 1-28 Week 2 9/27 Constituent structures Basic concepts in syntax (Huddleston and Pullum, 20-33) Week 3 10/4 Lexicon: Word classes Form: words word classes and phrases (Aarts: English syntax) 23-49 Syntactic categories (O’Grady: The syntax files, 1-31) Week 4 10/11 Grammatical categories Grammatical categories and word classes (Brinton: The structure of Modern English) 103-127 Week 5 10/18 Thematic roles and Grammatical process Thematic roles (O’Grady, 33-41) Week 6 10/25 Grammatical functions Grammatical relations and transitivity (O’Grady, 43-69) Week 7 11/1 Constituent structures and sentences Test 1 Clauses and clause hierarchies (Aarts: English syntax, 50-65) Week 8 11/8 Constructions Clauses I and II (Jim Miller: Introduction, 60-87) Syntax file topic due Week 9 11/15 Clauses: finiteness Looking inside sentences (Tallerman, 63-89) Week 10 11/22 Case Case (O’Grady, 71-92) Week 11 11/29 Agreement Agreement (O’Grady, 94-108) Week 12 12/6 Grammar and semantics: Tense and Aspect Grammar and semantics (Jim Miller: Introduction, 143-151) Week 13 12/13 Grammar and Semantics: Voice Test 2 Voice (O’Grady, 110-138) Passive voice (Jacobs: English syntax, 159-173) Week 14 12/20 Syntactic structure: Topic, existential and cleft sentences Information structure (Jacobs: English syntax, 149-158, 175-183) Week 15 12/27 Wh-Questions Wh-Questions (O’Grady, 173-184) Week 16 1/3 Causativization Causativization (O’Grady, 140-156) Presentations Week 17 1/10 Relativization Relativization (O’Grady, 158-171) Presentations Week 18 1/17 Final Exam Syntax file due References: Aarts, Bas. 1997. English syntax and argumentation. New York : St. Martin's Press. Berk, Lynn M. 1999. English syntax: from word to discourse. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Brinton, Laurel. 2000. The structure of Modern English: a linguistic introduction. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company. Brown, Keith, and Jim Miller. 1991. Syntax: a linguistic introduction to sentence structure. London and New York: Routledge. Burton-Roberts, Noel. 1997. Analysing sentences : an introduction to English syntax. London ; New York : Longman. Celce-Murcia, Marianne, and Diane Larsen-Freeman. 1999. The grammar book: an ESL/EFL Teacher's course. Second edition. Heinle & Heinle. Ferris, D. Connor. 1993. The meaning of syntax : a study in the adjectives of English. London, New York: Longman. Givon, Talmy. 1993. English grammar: a function-based introduction. Amsterdam Philadelphia: John Benjamins. Huddleston, Rodney, and Geoffrey K. Pullum. 2002. The Cambridge grammar of the English language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Jacobs, Roderick. 1995. English Syntax: A Grammar for English Language Professionals. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Matthews, P. H. 1981. Syntax. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. McCawley, James D. 1988. The syntactic phenomena of English. Chicago : University of Chicago Press. Miller, Jim. 2002. Introduction to English Syntax. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. O’Grady, William. 2004. The Syntax Files: An introductory survey of basic syntactic concepts and phenomena. University of Hawaii, ms. Poole, Geoffrey. 2002. Syntactic Theory. Hampshire: Palgrave. Tallerman, Maggie. 1998. Understanding syntax. London: Arnold. Van Valin, Robert. 2001. Introduction to Syntax. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.