Урок английского языка в 8 классе на тему «Прогноз погоды

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Урок 3.

Прогноз погоды

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Цели урока:

образовательный аспект:

развитие навыков аудирования; развитие навыков монологического высказывания по теме «Прогноз погоды»; познакомить учащихся со структурами

"It is 6 above (below) .zero; It is plus (minus) 6 degrees (69 °) Centigrade (Fahrenheit)

и обеспечить их отработку в серии речевых упражнений; развивать умение на слух воспринимать информацию, передаваемую с помощью несложного текста, и выражать свое понимание в требуемой форме. развивать умение вести диалог-расспрос; учить запрашивать и сообщать информацию в соответствии с поставленной коммуникативной задачей. практиковать учащихся в умении кратко высказываться в соответствии с предложенной ситуацией и на заданную тему. развивать умение письменной речи с целью решения предложенной коммуникативной задачи. развивать умение выбирать необходимые вербальные средства для решения поставленной коммуникативной задачи в устной и письменной форме.

развивающий аспект:

развитие способности к целеустремленной работе, развитие способности к самостоятельному труду, развитие способности осуществлять продуктивные речевые действия — к подбору речевых средств, адекватных цели и ситуации, к импровизации, к планированию своего высказывания, воображению.

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воспитывающий аспект

воспитание уважительного отношения к достоинству других людей, воспитание способности к пониманию чужой точки зрения.

Оборудование

: записи на доске; магнитофон.

Х о д у р о к а

1. Приветствие

– Good morning, dear friends!

– Good morning, teacher!

– I am glad to see you.

– We are glad to see you, too.

– How are you today?

– We are fine, thank you.

Выявление дежурных, запись числа на доске и отсутствующих.

2. Организационный момент

T:

- Today you will learn to forecast weather. That's why we need to pronounce some new words correctly.

3.

Фонетическая разминка

Запись на доске:

Centigrade ['sentigreid] - шкала температур;

Celsius ['selsias] — Цельсий;

Fahrenheit|’faerenhait] - шкала температур по Фаренгейту; temperature - температура; above zero - выше нуля; below zero— ниже нуля; degree [di'gri:] - градус; forecast ['fo:ka:st] - прогноз погоды; прогнозировать погоду.

T:

- Look at the blackboard. Learn to pronounce these words. Read them after me, please. Now you do it yourselves. Be my echo.

Запись на доске:

5 degrees

5 degrees below zero

It's 5 degrees below zero

It's 20 degrees above zero

What's the temperature?

It's 6 degrees Centigrade.

What's the weather forecast for today?

It's 69 degrees Fahrenheit.

4. Обучение лексической стороне речи.

T:

- Read the information about the temperature on

p. 8, ex. 16.

Remember it. What scale is used in Russia (Britain, the USA)?

(In Russia temperature is measured in Celsius. In Britain both scales are used: Celsius and Fahrenheit. In the USA temperatures are measured in Fahrenheit.)

ex. 16 p. 8,

Word Focus:

Temperature.

Scale for measuring temperature

Centigrade (Celsius)

Fahrenheit

6 above zero (plus 6 degrees Centigrade)

7 below zero (minus 7 degrees Centigrade)

69 ° Fahrenheit

A.

It is

It was

It will be

-5°C

+ 10°C

32 °F

-10° С

68 °F

+ 20° С

+ 30° С

100 °F

- 15 °C today yesterday last Sunday last week tomorrow the day after tomorrow next week

B

1) Convert Fahrenheit to Celsius.

Model:

Get me calculate. 70 ° F is equal to approximately 21 ° C. 100 °F, 80 °F, 60 °F, 50 °F,

14 ° F, 0 0 F.

2) Convert Celsius to Fahrenheit.

Model:

Minus 10 degrees Centigrade is equal to 14 ° F.

- 15 ° C, + 5 ° C, + 15 0 C, + 25 ° C, + 33 ° C, + 36 ° C.

5. Обучение аудированию

T:

-

Learn to use the information. Study the table from

ex. 16 on p. 9.

Repeat the names of the cities after me.

T – Ps

Ex. 17. p. 9

- Now listen to the tape and fill in the table.

Tapescript:

In Amsterdam it will be cool and wet, + 6 ° C.

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-

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-

-

In Moscow it will be sunny and cloudy, about - 1 ° C.

In St Petersburg it will be cloudy and windy, 0 ° C.

In Washington it will be dry and warm, + 13 ° C.

In Helsinki it will be sunny and dry, + 10 ° C.

In Canberra it will be wet and hot, + 23 ° C.

In Wellington it will be sunny and cloudy, + 28 ° C.

In Ottawa it will be stormy and windy, + 4 ° C.

In Tokyo it will be cloudy and dry, + 20 ° C.

Cities Weather Temperature, ° С

Amsterdam

Moscow

St Petersburg

Washington

Helsinki cool, wet sunny, cloudy cloudy, windy dry, warn sunny, dry

+ 6

-

0

1

+ 13

+ 10

Canberra

Wellington

Ottawa

Tokyo wet, hot sunny, cloudy stormy, windy cloudy, dry

+ 23

+ 28

+ 4

+ 20

T:

- Let's check up the task. Look at the blackboard. One of you asks the question, another one gives a full answer.

Запись на доске:

What was the weather like last Christmas in...?

It was... and... in... It was... degrees above (below) zero.

Примерные диалоги учащихся

1. - What was the weather like last Christmas in Amsterdam?

- It was cool and wet in Amsterdam. It was 6 degrees above.zero.

2. -What was the weather like last Christmas in Moscow?

- It was sunny and cloudy in Moscow. It was 1 degree below zero.

3. - What was the weather like last Christmas in St Petersburg?

- It was cloudy and windy in St Petersburg. It was zero degrees.

4. - What was the weather like last Christmas in Washington?

- It was dry and warm in Washington. It was 13 degrees above zero.

5. -What was the weather like last Christmas in Helsinki?

- It was sunny and dry in Helsinki. It was 10 degrees above zero.

6. - What was the weather like last Christmas in Canberra?

- It was wet and hot in Canberra. It was 23 degrees above zero.

7. - What was the weather like last Christmas in Wellington?

- It was sunny and cloudy in Wellington. It was 28 degrees above zero.

8. - What was the weather like last Christmas in Ottawa?

- It was stormy and windy in Ottawa. It was 4 degrees above zero.

9. - What was the weather like last Christmas in Tokyo?

- It was cloudy and dry in Tokyo. It was 20 degrees above zero.

T:

- Learn to change the temperature in different scales.

Ex. 18

will help you. Work in pairs. Read the dialogue and complete it.

Key:

I think it's 10 ° С (plus 10 degrees Centigrade) 50 °F = (50-32): 1,8 = 10°C.

Listen to the tape, check your answers. Have you got any mistakes? We could change the dialogue using other numbers. Do it, please, right now.

PI -»Р2.

6. Обучение монологической речи

T:

As you know how to say the temperature and what kind of weather there can be learn to forecast weather. See the table in

ex. 20, p. 9.

Listen to the weather forecast and tick the right box. Report to the class what weather will be tomorrow.

(In the morning it will be wet and cloudy. The temperature will be from 17 to 20 degrees

Celsius above zero. In the afternoon it will be sunshine with a light wind. The temperature will be plus 56—60 degrees Fahrenheit.)

Ex. 20, p. 9.

Tapescript:

It will wet and cloudy in the morning, about + 17-20 ° F.

But in the afternoon the weather will change for the better: sunshine and a light wind.

It will get much warmer: + 56-60 ° F. A lovely dry autumn day, isn't it?

Key: _______________________________________

In the morning

Wet and cloudy

In the afternoon

Sunshine and a light wind

Temperature

17-20 °F

56-60 °F

T:

- Work in pairs. Use the table in Ex. 16 and discuss the weather in different cities.

Model:

- What was the weather like in Ottawa last Christmas? - It was stormy and windy. It was

4 ° С above zero.

Ex. 21 on p. 9.

T:

- Work in pairs now. Discuss the weather in our place yesterday, today and tomorrow.

First of all read the examples in

ex. 21 on p. 9.

Pay attention to the structure used to speak about today, yesterday and tomorrow. Help me to make up questions.

Учитель с помощью учащихся записывает на доске вопросы в разных временах в качестве опоры.

Запись на доске:

—What was (is, will) the weather (be) like...?

—I give you 4 minutes.

После этого прослушиваются 2—3 пары.

T:

- Try to forecast weather yourselves. Write your own weather forecast for tomorrow.

7. Подведение итогов урока

T:

- At home prepare the weather forecast like real TV hosts. Besides do the task in writing. What have we done today at the lesson? Was it difficult for you? Thank you for the work. Your marks for the lesson are... Write down your homework.

Домашнее задание

упр. 22, стр. 9; упр. 5, стр. 34;

Ex. 22.

Write your own weather forecast for tomorrow. Read it to your classmates.

Language Support:

•We expect a spell (период) of good weather (some rain, a storm, a frost, etc.).

• The weather is improving.

I hope it'll keep fine.

• cloudy weather , with rainy periods in the South

• unsettled (неустойчивая) weather in the Eastern part of the country

We are in for (наступает / будет) a cold winter (another spell of cold, a change in the weather).

• to set in-устанавливаться, наступать

• to clear up - проясняться

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