Poetry Terms Alliteration: the repetition of initial consonant sounds. (Suzy sold seashells down by the seashore.) Allusion: a reference to a well-known person, event, literary work, or work of art. Assonance: the repetition of vowel sounds followed by different consonants in two or more stressed syllables. (frayed and wavering) Blank Verse: poetry written in unrhymed iambic pentameter lines. Consonance: the repetition of final consonant sounds in stressed syllable with different vowel sounds, as in hat and sit. Couplet: a pair of rhyming lines, usually of the same length and meter. Description: a portrait in words of a person, place, or object. Denotation: dictionary definition of a word Dialogue: a conversation between characters that may reveal their traits and advance the action of a narrative. Diction: an author’s choice or words, especially with regard to range and vocabulary, use of slang and colloquial language, and level of formality. Figurative Language: writing or speech not meant to be interpreted literally. Free Verse: poetry not written in a regular pattern of meter or rhyme. Hyperbole: a deliberate exaggeration or overstatement. Idiom: an expression that is characteristic of a language, region, community or class of people. Image: a word or phrase that appeals to one or more of the five senses- sight, hearing, touch, taste, or smell. Imagery: the descriptive or figurative language used in literature to create word pictures for the reader. Irony: the general term for literacy techniques that portray differences between appearance and reality, or expectations and result. Lyric Poem: a highly musical verse that expresses the thoughts, observations, and feelings of a single speaker. Metaphor: comparing two unlike objects without using the word like or as. Mood: the feeling created in the reader by a literary work or passage. Narrator: is a speaker or character who tells a story. Narrative poetry: poetry that tells a story Onomatopoeia: the use of words that imitate sounds. (Whirr, thud, sizzle,) Oxymoron: a combination of words, or parts of words, that contradict each other. (Honest thief, wise fool) Paradox: a statement that is self contradictory because it often contains two statements that are both true, but in general, cannot be true at the same time. (I’m a compulsive liar; the beginning of the end) Personification: a type of figurative language in which a nonhuman subject is given human characteristics. (The flame danced across the room). Prose: the ordinary form of written language. Protagonist: the main character in a literary work. Repetition: the use of any element of language- sound, a word, a phrase, a clause, or a sentence- more than once. Rhyme: the repetition of sounds at the ends of words. Rhyme Scheme: a regular pattern a rhyming words in a poem. Satire: literary work that ridicules the foolishness and faults of individuals, an institution, society, or even humanity in general. Simile: a figure of speech in which the words like or as are used to compare two apparently dissimilar items. Sonnet: a 14-lien lyric poem Speaker: the imaginary voice assumed by the writer of a poem. Stanza: a repeated grouping of two or more lines in a poem that often share a pattern of rhythm and rhyme. Symbol: anything that stands for something else. Theme: a central message or insight into life revealed through a literary work. Tone: a literary work is the writer’s attitude toward his audience and subject.