Professor of IPB: Replaced Antibiotics with Probiotics http://news.ipb

Professor of IPB: Replaced Antibiotics with Probiotics
Posted by admin on 02 October 2015
The use of antibiotics in livestock in the long term and with the dose of subtherapeutic
caused the pathogenic bacteria invulnerability particularly zoonotic, and the indigenous
bacteria toward the antibiotics used. Several studies reported that the antibiotic resistant
genes could be transferred to the pathogenic bacteria in particular the human digestive
tract bacteria through the consumption of animal products contaminated with the
bacteria, so the use of similar antibiotics in human were not able to kill the pathogenic
In Indonesia itself already existed the Act (UU) which prohibited the use of antibiotics,
namely the Law of Animal Husbandry and Animal Health No. 18 in the year of 2009
article 22 paragraph 4c which read “Setiap orang dilarang menggunakan pakan yang
dicampur hormon tertentu dan atau antibiotik imbuhan pakan / Every person is
prohibited from using feed mixed with certain hormones and or antibiotics of feed
additives”. However, until now this Law had not been revealed to be a Government
Regulation so that it could not be implemented. We hereby concluded our points that
Prof.Dr. I Komang W, Professor of Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Bogor Agricultural
University (IPB) in the press conference of the pre Oration in Campus of IPB
Baranangsiang, Bogor (22/9).
“To reduce the use of antibiotics, it is necessary to look for alternative feed additives
which have the same roles as the antibiotics, but more friendly to human welfare,
livestock and environment. One alternative is the probiotics,” he said.
Probiotics were the supplement microbial life which if given in sufficient amounts
would provide beneficial effects for the health of the host. Microbes that could be used
as the probiotics namely bacteria, yeasts and molds.
Giving the probiotics in the young ruminant livestock would help balance the
population of microbial digestive tract, as well as prevent the diarrhea and increase the
growth. The use of probiotics in the adult ruminant livestock aimed to prevent the
occurence of metabolic disorders namely acidosis and to reduce the production of
methane gas.
“Cattle sheep inoculated with the probiotics of lactic acid bacterium S. ruminantium
subsp lactilytica of 108 cfu is able to prevent the accumulation of lactic acid in the
rumen compared with the control. This has been applied in Africa to overcome the
sheep experiencing acidosis,” he explained.
Prof. Komang succeeded in conducting the isolation tolerant bacteria of tannin of the
goat Kaligesing which was used to consume kaliandra containing tannin. The bacterial
isolate was very potential to be developed as the probiotics to be given to livestock that
had not been adapted with the feed containing tannin.
The use of probiotics in the livestock industry was very promising, although it still
needed the studies for perfecting. The rapid genomic information development allowed
us to assemble a new probiotic strains which had higher activity so that the use of
probiotics could be further optimized, he added.(zul)