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ANT 3302 (Honors)

HUMAN SEX (GENDER) ROLES: A CROSS-CULTURAL PERSPECTIVE

Spring Term 2001

Tues. 9, Thurs. 9-10

Section 7096

Little 221

Approach to the course:

Dr. Anita Spring

392-7102, 451 Grinter

Office Hours: Tues. 7, Thurs. 6-7 periods & by appointment

This course combines lectures, discussions, films and videos with class discussions. Students will be expected to have read the materials before coming to class, so that they can follow the discussion in class. The course will look at societies in cross-cultural perspective, as well as at our own society.

Topics include:

The nature-nurture arguments (i.e., the biological versus the cultural determinants of gender roles);

The differences between temperaments, traits, and tasks;

The sexual/gender division of labor in society;

Gender roles by type of society (i.e., foragers, horticulturalists, agriculturalists, pastoralists, pre-industrialists, and industrialists);

Gender equalities and inequalities in social organization, kinship, economics, politics, and religion;

Gender differences in verbal and non-verbal behavior.

Requirements (no other materials than those listed here are needed for the papers)

1. Two papers about 6-7 pages in length (30% each)

2. A take-home final examination, about 6-7 pages in length (30%)

3. Class attendance and participation (10%)

Books

1. Margaret Mead, Sex and Temperament in Three Primitive Societies. 1963.

2. Nancy Bonvillain, Women and Men: Cultural Constructs of Gender. 3 rd edition. 2000.

3. Jan Brogger, Nazare: Women and Men in a Pre-bureaucratic Portuguese

Fishing Village. 1992.

4. Serena Nanda. Gender Diversity: Crosscultural Variations. 2000.

5. Reader: Available from Custom Copies. (R)

ANT 3302

(R) = reading in the Reader from Custom Copies)

Jan. 9-11: Introduction; Anthropologists Doing Fieldwork: Data Collection and

Gender Neutrality

Video: Woman Who is Me. ANSWER QUESTIONS ON THE HANDOUT

The Secret of the Sexes. ANSWER QUESTIONS ON THE HANDOUT

Readings: Mead: Sex and Temperament, Part 1

Angier: Cell-Phone or Pheromone (R-25)

Angrosino: Son and Lover: the Anthropologist as Nonthreatening Male (R-21)

Krieger: Negotiating Gender Role Expectations in Cairo (R-22)

Faithhorn: Gender Bias and Sex Bias: Removing our Cultural Blinders (R-23)

Jan. 16-18: The Nature Nurture Controversy

Readings: Mead: Sex and Temperament, Parts 2 and 3

Doyle: The Historical Perspective: (R-3)

Gladwell: Listening to Khakis (R-28)

Jan. 23-25: Traits and Socialization

TUESDAY: BE PREPARED TO ACT OUT THE GENDER ROLE

CHARACTERISTICS OF YOUR “TRIBE”

Readings: Mead, Sex and Temperament, Part 4

Doyle: The Social Roles Perspective (R-4)

Jan. 30-Feb. 1: Status: Public and Private

Video: Kypseli: A Divided Reality

Readings: Ortner: Is Female to Male as Nature is to Culture? (R-1)

Nielsen: Gender and Status in Preindustrial Society (R-2)

Lamphere: The Domestic Sphere of Women and the Public World of Men (R-6)

Nanda: Gender Diversities: Chapter 1

Feb. 6-8: The Evolutionary and Archaeological Record

Matriarchy and Patriarchy, Kinship

Readings: Zihlman: Woman the Gatherer: The Role of Women in Early Hominid

Evolution (R-7)

Dommasnes: Women, Kinship and the Basis of Power in the Norwegian Viking

Age (R-8)

Doyle: The Anthropological Perspective (R-5)

Ortner: The Virgin and the State (R-10)

Feb. 13-15: Material Conditions and Gender Roles

Readings: Bonvillain: Women and Men, pp. 1-15

Hewlett: Husband-Wife Reciprocity and the Father-Infant Relationship (R-9)

Nanda: Gender Diversities: Chapter 7

Paper #1 Due: Feb. 15 at the beginning of class

Feb. 20--22 Foragers

Video: The Pygmies

Readings: Albers: From Illusion to illumination: Anthropological Studies of

American Indian Women (R-11)

Bonvillain, Women and Men, pp. 16-50

Nanda: Gender Diversities: Chapter 2

Feb. 27-Mar.1: Tribal Societies: Pastoralists, Horticulturalists

Videos: Boran Women; slides of the Luvale of Zambia

Readings: Bonvillain: Women and Men pp. 51-95

Nanda: Gender Diversities: Chapter 4

Mar.13-15: Chiefdoms and Agricultural States

Videos: Afghan Women; Andean Women

Readings: Bonvillain: Women and Men pp. 96-153

Harkness and Super: The Cultural Foundation of Father’s Roles: Evidence from

Kenya and the United States (R-12)

Nanda: Gender Diversities: Chapter 3

Mar. 20-22: Pre-Industrialists; Developing Societies

Readings: Jan Brogger: Nazare entire book

Mar. 27-29: Industrial Societies

Video: TBA

Readings: Anagnost: Transformation of Gender in Modern China (R-13)

Gelber: Do-It-Yourself… (R-26)

Bonvillain: Women and Men, pp. 154-184

Jankowink: Father-Child Relationships in Urban China (R-15)

Weems: Consumerism and the Construction of Black Female Identity (R-27)

Nanda: Gender Diversities: Chapter 6

Apr. 3-5: Religion, Ritual and Symbol:

Video: Women and Christianity, Part 1

Readings: Hoch-Smith and Spring: Introduction (R-16)

Spring: Epidemiology of Spirit Possession among the Luvale of Zambia (R-17)

Herdt: Rituals of Manhood: Male Initiation in Papua...” (R-18)

Galloway: Where have all the Menstrual Huts Gone? (R-19)

Bonvillain: Women and Men, 221-248

Paper #2 Due: April 5 at the beginning of class

Apr. 100-12: Gender and the Body

Video: Beauty and the Beach

Readings: Bonvillain: Women and Men, pp. 185-220

Nanda: Gender Diversities: Chapter 3, 5

April 17-19: Language and Gender

Readings: Bonvillain: Women and Men pp. 249-293

Apr. 24: Women in Development/Gender and Development—WID and GAD

Readings: Sigot: Discourse on Gender and Natural Resource Management (R-20)

Spring: Introduction to the Issues: Women, Development & Agriculture (R-24)

Final Assignment Due: Wednesday May2, 3:00 PM in

1112 Turlington, the Anthropology Office.

Please have the secretary initial the time turned in.

Woman Who is Me?

What symbols, images, roles, occupations, jobs, are depicted for women and men after each use + if positively evaluated and - if negatively evaluated

Women Men

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