A Brief Profile of Dailekh District

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A Brief Profile of Dailekh District
June, 2014
Kathmandu, Nepal
Contents
1.
Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 1
2.
Demography........................................................................................................................................... 1
3.
Climate and Environment......................................................................................................................... 1
4.
Natural Resources .................................................................................................................................. 1
5.
Human Development............................................................................................................................... 2
6.
Agriculture and Food Security .................................................................................................................. 2
7.
Infrastructure .......................................................................................................................................... 2
8.
Selected VDCs for the Project .................................................................................................................. 2
9.
Profile of selected VDCs .......................................................................................................................... 3
10. References............................................................................................................................................. 5
1. Introduction
Dailekh is one of the five districts of Bheri zone. It is
surrounded by Jajarkot in east, Jumla in North, Achham in
West and Surkhet in South. Geographic location of Dailekh
is: latitude from 280 50' N to 290 12' N and longitude from
810 30' E to 820 06' E. Altitude ranges from 544 meter to
4168 meter from mean sea level. The district headquarter
is located at 1448m.
The area of Dailekh is 1502 square Km. Dailekh was
composed of 1 municipality and 55 VDC1s. The
Government of Nepal has recently announced 72 new
municipalities across the country. A new municipality has
also been announced in Dailekh merging six VDCs around
Dullu. Hence, at present Dailekh has 2 municipalities and
49 VDCs.
2. Demography
According to the census, 2011 the total population of Average household size
5.35
Dailekh is 261'770 of which male comprised 126990 Growth rate (in %)
1. 5*
2)
Population
density(per
km
174.28
and female comprised 134780. Total households are
Literacy
rate
62.5%
48919. The major inhabitants in Dailekh are Chhetri,
*: Census, 2011
Dalits, Thakuri, Bramhan,and Janajatis. Thakuri and
Chhetris together comprise about 49% of the population followed by Dalits about 27%,
Bramhan about 11% and the remaining percentage together by Janajatis, Newar and others.
3. Climate and Environment
Dailekh has a diverse climate because of
huge altitude variation. It has sub-tropical,
temperate and alpine climates. The
temperature varies between 34°C and
5°C, on average. Average annual rainfall
of the district is 1700mm.Despite this
district is very highly in terms of drought
vulnerability according to NAPA.
4. Natural Resources
Dailekh is rich in geographical and biodiversity. Large area is covered by forest (89'899 ha,
50%), pasture (3698ha) and agricultural land (43497ha). In general the district can be classified
as high hills -20% and hills -80%.
Karnaki is the major river in the district. Others are Lohare, Ramaghad and Chhamghad.
Dailekh is also said to have various high value minerals e.g. Kionite, copper, iron, Sulpher, etc.
The district also hosts various herbs like Chiraito, Jatamasi (Nardostachys jatamansi), Katki
(Picrorrhiza Kurroa), Padamchal (Rheum emodi Wall), and many others.
1
Village Development Committee, the lowest governance structure in Nepal
1
5. Human Development
According to Central Bureau of Statistics, of the total population 36.9% are living under poverty
line. According to Nepal Human Development Report, 2014 (GoN and UNDP), Dailekh ranks
51st in Human Development Index (HDI=0.442). Similarly, it ranks 59th in Human Poverty Index
(HPI=41.4). National values for these indices are 0.49 and 32.12 respectively. Adult literacy is
62.5% and per capita income is 424 USD compared to 718 USD of national average.
Literacy rate
(aged 5 years
and above)*
Female literacy
rate (aged 5
years & above)*
Net
enrollment
rate (basic)#
Gender
parity
(primary)#
Dropout
rate
(primary) #
Dailekh
62%
53%
94.5%
1.09
14.9
Midwest Hills.
64.7
55.9
-
-
-
57.4
86.0
1.02
6.0
Regions
Nepal
65.9
Source: *;CBS, 2011, #: MoE, 2010/11
6. Agriculture and Food Security
Agriculture is one of the major occupations with 92% engaged in it. Of the total land, 43121 ha
(28.7%) is cultivable whereas 34479 ha is actually cultivated. 2412 ha has round the year
irrigation facilities whereas 6766 ha has seasonal irrigation facilities. The main crops in Dailekh
are maize, wheat, paddy, millet, oilseed, potato and vegetables. Animal husbandry is focused
on buffalo, cattle, goats, sheep, and poultry, and the main livestock products are milk and
meat.73
In 22 of Dailekh’s 55 VDCs the recurrence of acute food security crises from 2008 through 2011
was moderate, while in other VDCs the recurrence was low.
7. Infrastructure
Dailekh is connected with Surkhet by 67.5 Km road. Compared to other project districts, local
road network in Dailekh is better.
The district has 19 VDCs declared open defecation free as of December 2012 and aims to
achieve this status district-wide by 2015. In 2011/12, 60% of households had toilets in this
district. Water supply schemes technically reach 74% of the population, but only 28% of it
benefit from functional water supply facilities. Only 2412 ha has round the year irrigation
facilities.
8. Selected VDCs for the Project
For Up Scaling of WUMP+3R under BRACED
programme, five VDCs are selected. Selected VDCs
are represented in blue color and the municipality in
green color in the following map. The general
information of these VDCs is presented in the matrix in
next page.
2
9. Profile of selected VDCs
Name of VDC´é«
Sattala
Layati Brindasain
Location
Singasain and
Tilepata in east,
Achham district in
west, Singasain VDC
in north and Sigaundi
in south.
Layati and Lakandra in
east, Sigaundi in west,
Tolojaisi in north and
Surkhet district in
south.
Paduka and Nepa in
east, Satalla in west,
Jamkukandh in north
and Surkhet district in
south.
Goganpani and
Baraha in east,
Khadkawada in west,
Baraha in north and
Surkhet district in
south.
Seri and Baraha in
east, , Malika in north
and Surkhet district in
west and south.
Longitude and
Latitude
Latitude - 29°3'34"N
and longitude - 81° 28′
15" E.
Latitude - 28°56′ 57"N
and longitude - 81°28′
48"E.
Latitude - 28°54′ 03"N
and longitude - 81°30′
51"E.
Latitude - 28°42′ 53"N
and longitude - 81°37′
16"E.
Latitude - 28°44′ 46"N
and longitude - 81°35′
21"E.
Area of land
1'290 hectares
3910 hectares
2640 hectares
5132 hectares
2474 hectares
Total Population and
Households
2814 (Male-1344,
Female-1470), 556
Households
4865 (Male-2405,
Female – 2460), 895
Households
7642 (Male-3863,
Female-3779), 1375
Households
2143 (Male-981,
Female-1162), 459
Households
5039 (Male-2385,
Female-2654), 987
Households
Poverty %
29.54%
44.49%
44.92%
23.18%
33.66%
Major caste/ ethnicity
Dalits: 26 %, Thakuri
and Kshetri– 68%
Dalits: 42 %,
Kshetri+Thakuri -41%.
Brahman - 13 %
Dalits: 28 %,
Kshetri+Thakuri -45%.
Brahman - 27 %
Dalits: 38 %, Janajati34%, Kshetri+Thakuri
-17%. Brahman - 10 %
Dalits: 40 %, Janajati10%, Kshetri+Thakuri
-44%. Brahman - 6 %
Major Occupation
Agriculture is the
major occupation.
Agriculture is the
major occupation.
Majority of the
population are
engaged in agriculture
Agriculture is the
major occupation.
95% of the population
is engaged in
agriculture.
Convectional
agriculture practice.
Cultivable land -876
hectares i.e. 35%. Of
the total cultivated
land 220 hectares has
seasonal irrigation
facilities.
Agriculture
Rakam Karnali
-
-
-
Seri
Khadkawada
3
Forest coverage
Environment and
climate information
840.98 hectares area
are covered where all
people in community
are affiliated to
community forest
groups
3300 hectares area are
the forest are
conserved as
community forest by
User's committee
-
Health
Overall literacy rate is
62.9 % (Male75.55% & Female51.43 %)
Access to Integrated
health services- 100 %
Drinking water,
Sanitation and
Hygiene
256 hh connected to
safe drinking water &
310 hh are using
toilets
Infrastructures in the
VDC
Primary Schools- 3,
Higher Secondary- 1,
Health post with
maternity- 1, Karnali
highway passes
through the VDC
Education
973 hectares are
covered by forest. All
households are
affiliated to community
forest groups
673.47 hectares are
covered by forest. All
households are
affiliated to community
forest groups
1598 hectares i.e.
65%.
Soil erosion and flood
are environmental
problem. Inhabitants
of ward no 5 are
affected by soil
erosion by floods
-
Avg temperature
varies between 25°C
to 35°C. Ward no 3 &
4 are affected by soil
erosion and drought
Majority of the
settlement is prone to
soil erosion. 350
households are highly
vulnerable to natural
disaster
Total literacy- 53.33%
(Male- 65.64% &
Female- 41.26 %)
Total literacy- 54.2%
(Male- 65.73% &
Female- 42.38 %)
Total literacy- 69%
(Male- 77.61% &
Female- 61.72 %)
Literacy rate is 65 %
and female literacy
rate is 55%.
Access to Integrated
health services- 90%,
Vaccination- 100%
Access to Integrated
health services- 100%
Access to Integrated
health services- 100%
All mothers and
children are
immunized.
350 hh connected to
safe drinking water &
the VDC is declared
ODF
269 hh connected to
safe drinking water &
75% hh using toilets
132 hh connected to
safe drinking water.
The VDC is open
defecation free.
85% households have
access to piped water
supply and VDC is
declared Open
defecation free VDC.
Karnali highway and
mid hill highway pass
through the VDC.
Primary Schools- 5,
Secondary- 1 Child
development center7, Health post with
maternity- 2
Karnali highway
passes through the
VDC. Village road
network is good. Early
childhood
development centers 7, schools- 10
Primary Schools- 9,
Lower Secondary- 2,
Health post with
maternity- 1
Primary Schools- 13 ;
HSS-1, Lower
Secondary- 2,
secondary-2, Health
post with maternity- 1
4
10. References
1. National Population and Housing Census 2011, Volume I and II, Central Bureau of
Statistics, Nepal
2. District Water Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) map 2013, District WASH Coordination
Committee, Dailekh,
3. Dailekh District Food security Profile, World Food Programme Nepal
4. National Adaptation Programme of Action for Climate Change, 2010, Ministry of
Environment
5. Nepal Human Development Report 2014, GoN and UNDP
6. District Profile of Dailekh, District Development Committee
(http://www.ddcDailekh.gov.np/upload/download1/download1_2011-06-23_02_10_57.pdf)
7. Agriculture Development Programme and Statistics, 2012/13, District Agriculture
Development Office, Dailekh
8. Village Development Periodic Plan (2011/2012 – 2014/2015 ), Seri VDC
9. Village Development Periodic Plan (2009/2010 – 2011/2012 ), Sattala VDC
10. Village Development Periodic Plan (2013/2014 – 2017/2018 ), Kadkawada VDC
5
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