Biodiversity Hotspots

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Biodiversity Hot Spots Background Information

A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region that is both a significant reservoir of biodiversity and is threatened with destruction. These biodiversity hotspots were identified by Conservation International (CI), and identify biologically rich areas around the world that are the focus of Conservation International’s conservation activities. According to CI, the remaining natural habitat in these biodiversity hotspots amounts to just 2.3 percent of the land surface of the planet, yet supports nearly 75 percent of the world’s plant, bird, mammal, reptile, and amphibian species. An estimated 50 percent of all vascular plants and 42 percent of terrestrial vertebrates exist only in these hotspots.

Your Assignment

Use Google docs to create a document including the following information about your assigned hot spot:      Use this format for the title of your document: APES 3 Biodiversity Hotspot Smith Sally The name of your hotspot and a picture of the area A world map or regional map showing the location of the hot spot The type of biome found there Describe at least one native plant species and one native animal species and provide a picture of both   Describe the socio-economic conditions Describe the anthropogenic and/or natural reasons why species biodiversity is decreasing in that region and include a picture that represents this reason (Is it one of the HIPPCO reasons?).    Discuss what is being done to protect this hot spot Include additional interesting information about the area Include a bibliography to cite the websites used to gather your information and images

These websites may be helpful: http://www.cepf.net/resources/hotspots/Pages/default.aspx

http://www.eoearth.org/article/Biodiversity_hotspots_%28collection%29 https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html

- Information about socio economic conditions for each country http://www.enviroliteracy.org/category.php/3.html

http://www.arkive.org/

Africa:

1. Madagascar & Indian Ocean islands 2. Cape Floristic region 3. Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa 4. Guinea Forests of West Africa 5. Succulent Karoo 6. Eastern Afromontane 7. Horn of Africa 8. Mapuraland-Pondoland-Albany

Europe and Central Asia:

9. Mediterranean Basin 10. Caucasus 11. Mountains of Central Asia

Asia Pacific:

18. Philippines 19. Sundaland 20. Indo-Burma 21. Polynesia/Micronesia 22. New Caledonia 23. New Zealand 24. Wallacea 25. Southwest Australia 26. Mountains of South-West China 27. East Melanesian Islands 28. Himalaya 29. Western Ghats and Sri Lanka 12. Irano-Anatolian

South America:

13. Atlantic Forest Region 14. Tumbes-Chocó-Magdalena 15. Brazilian Cerrado 16. Tropical Andes 17. Chilean Winter rainfall-Valdivian Forests

North and Central America:

30. Mesoamerica 31. California Floristic Province 32. Caribbean Islands 33. Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands

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