Biodiversity Hotspots


Biodiversity Hot Spots

Background Information

A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region that is both a significant reservoir of biodiversity and is threatened with destruction. These biodiversity hotspots were identified by Conservation International

(CI), and identify biologically rich areas around the world that are the focus of Conservation

International’s conservation activities. According to CI, the remaining natural habitat in these biodiversity hotspots amounts to just 2.3 percent of the land surface of the planet, yet supports nearly

75 percent of the world’s plant, bird, mammal, reptile, and amphibian species. An estimated 50 percent of all vascular plants and 42 percent of terrestrial vertebrates exist only in these hotspots.

Your Assignment

Use Google docs to create a document including the following information about your assigned hot spot:

Use this format for the title of your document: APES 3 Biodiversity Hotspot Smith Sally

The name of your hotspot and a picture of the area

A world map or regional map showing the location of the hot spot

The type of biome found there

Describe at least one native plant species and one native animal species and provide a picture of both

Describe the socio-economic conditions

Describe the anthropogenic and/or natural reasons why species biodiversity is decreasing in that region and include a picture that represents this reason (Is it one of the HIPPCO reasons?).

Discuss what is being done to protect this hot spot

Include additional interesting information about the area

Include a bibliography to cite the websites used to gather your information and images

These websites may be helpful:

- Information about socioeconomic conditions for each country


1. Madagascar & Indian Ocean islands

2. Cape Floristic region

3. Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa

4. Guinea Forests of West Africa

5. Succulent Karoo

6. Eastern Afromontane

7. Horn of Africa

8. Mapuraland-Pondoland-Albany

Europe and Central Asia:

9. Mediterranean Basin

10. Caucasus

11. Mountains of Central Asia

Asia Pacific:

18. Philippines

19. Sundaland

20. Indo-Burma

21. Polynesia/Micronesia

22. New Caledonia

23. New Zealand

24. Wallacea

25. Southwest Australia

26. Mountains of South-West China

27. East Melanesian Islands

28. Himalaya

29. Western Ghats and Sri Lanka

12. Irano-Anatolian

South America:

13. Atlantic Forest Region

14. Tumbes-Chocó-Magdalena

15. Brazilian Cerrado

16. Tropical Andes

17. Chilean Winter rainfall-Valdivian Forests

North and Central America:

30. Mesoamerica

31. California Floristic Province

32. Caribbean Islands

33. Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands