Unit 2B reading notes

CP Environmental Science
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Unit 2B Notes Packet: Biodiversity
Vocabulary terms are in italics
Chapter 10, Section 1: What is Biodiversity
I. A World Rich in Biodiversity
BiodiversityA. Unknown Diversity
B. Levels of Diversity
II. Benefits of Biodiversity
A. Species are Connected to Ecosystems
Keystone Species-
B. Species and Population Survival
C. Medical, Industrial, and Agricultural Uses
D. Ethics, Aesthetics, and Recreation
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Chapter 10, Section 2: Biodiversity at Risk (p.263-269)
I. Current Extinctions
A. Species Prone to Extinction
Endangered SpeciesThreatened Species-
II. How do Humans Cause Extinctions?
A. Habitat Destruction and Fragmentation
B. Invasive Exotic Species
C. Harvesting, Hunting, and Poaching
D. Pollution
III. Areas of Critical Biodiversity
Endemic SpeciesA. Tropical Rainforest
B. Coral Reefs and Coastal Ecosystems
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C. Islands
D. Biodiversity Hotspots
E. Biodiversity in the United States
Case Study: A Genetic Gold Rush in the Rain Forests
Chapter 10, Section 3: The Future of Biodiversity (p. 270-275)
I. Saving Species One at a Time
A. Captive Breeding Programs
B. Preserving Genetic Material
C. Zoos, Aquariums, Parks, and Gardens
D. More Study Needed
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II. Preserving Habitats and Ecosystems
A. Conservation Strategies
B. More Study Needed
III. Legal Protection for Species
A. U.S. Laws
Endangered Species Act-
B. Recovery and Habitat Conservation Plans
Habitat Conservation Plan-
IV. International Cooperation
A. International Trade and Poaching
B. Biodiversity Treaty-
C. Private Conservation Efforts
V. Balancing Human Needs