# QUIZ CMPE-553 15.04.2013 (90 min, 2 points) ```QUIZ CMPE-553 15.04.2013 (90 min, 2 points)
St. Name, Surname______________________________________ St.Id#_____________
Instructor Alexander Chefranov
Task 1. (0.5 points) Use Playfair cipher to encrypt “Encrypt this text” using key word
“Mediterranean”. Show details of your work (how you fill the matrix, how you
preprocess the plaintext, and how you get the ciphertext).
m
r
f
o
v
e
a
g
p
w
d
n
h
q
x
i
b
k
s
y
T
C
l
U
Z
En cr yp tx th is te xt
Da ra ws dz dl by md zd
1
Task 2. (0.5 points) Find inverse of the matrix below modulo 27 if it exists, or show that
it does not exist.
K=
17
17
5
21
18
21
2
2
19
Hint: A-1[I,j]=(-1)i+jDji/det(A)
detK=17*18*19+21*2*5+17*21*2-2*18*5-21*17*19-2*21*17=17*19*(18-21)+(2118)*10=30-3*17*19=3*(10-17*19)=3*(10-340+17)=-3*313=-3*(11*27+16)mod27=48mod27=-21mod27=6
As far as 6 and 27 are not relatively prime, gcd(6,27)=3&lt;&gt;1, inverse matrix does not exist
2
Encrypt “Encrypt” assuming initial state as shown on Fig. 2.7,a.
Encrypt
e-2-21-23-L, n-11-14-6-u, c-26-7-18-d, r-15-2-9-r, y-22-12-4-o, p-13-25-12-u, t-17-16-5s
ludrous
3
Task 4. (0.5 points) Determine what S-boxes in the next round of DES algorithm are
affected by the first output bit S-box S3 from the previous round. Explain your answer
using information below:
Expansion/Permutation
(E
table)
32
1 2 3 4
5
4
5 6 7 8
9
8
9 10 11 12
13
12
13 14 15 16
17
16
17 18 19 20
21
20
21 22 23 24
25
24
25 26 27 28
29
28
29 30 31 32
1
Permutation function( P )
16 7 20 21 29 12 28 17
1 15 23 26 5 18 31 10
2 8 24 14 32 27 3 9
19 13 30 6 22 11 4 25
4
The first output bit of S3 has number 9. Bit 9 after P will be in the position 24. Bit 24 of
the output of the previous round will be used as input to S6, S7.
5
```