Unit C Vocabulary Quiz 1. sound: a wave that is produced by a vibrating object and travels through matter. 2. vibration: a rapid back and forth motion. 3. vacuum: a space containing few or now particles of matter. 4. pitch: the quality of highness or lowness of a sound. 5. hertz: one complete wavelength per second, the unit for measuring frequency. 6. ultrasound: sound waves with frequencies above 20,000 hertz. 7. resonance: the strengthening of a sound wave when it combines with the object’s natural vibration. 8. Doppler effect: the change in perceived pitch that occurs when the source or the receiver of a sound is moving. 9. intensity: the amount of energy its sound wave has. 10. decibel: used to measure sound intensity. 11. amplification: increasing of the strength of an electrical signal. 12. acoustics: scientific study of sound. 13. echolocation: sending out of high-pitched sound waves and the interpretation of the returning echoes. 14. sonar: instruments that use echolocation to locate objects. 15. amplitude: the distance a medium moves above or below its position at rest. 16. frequency: the number of wavelengths passing a fixed point in a certain amount of time. 17. loudness: the attribute of sound that determines the magnitude of auditory sensation, primarily depends on amplitude.