Chapter 3—Answers

Chapter 3—Lesson 3 Practice Test
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
1.The Articles of Confederation created a weak national government that
could not ________.
a.print currency
b.create a postal system the states
d. sign treaties with Native Americans
2.The government of South Carolina incorporated the city of Charleston in
order to _______.
a.celebrate the creation of a new state government
b.strengthen the role of Loyalists and British merchants
c.reduce the number of debtors
d.give the city power to solve its own problems
3.Which of the following did not indicate the need for a stronger central
a) The British still had forts in the Ohio River Valley.
b) South Carolina printed $6.9 million in paper money.
c) States had disagreements about interstate trade.
d) Shay’s Rebellion made leaders in many state governments worry
about anarchy.
4.Which South Carolina delegates played key roles in the Constitutional
a.John Rutledge, Charles Pinckney, Henry Laurens, and Pierce Butler
b.John Rutledge, Charles Pinckney, Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, and
Pierce Butler
c.Thomas Jefferson, Charles Pinckney, Charles Cotesworth Pinckney,
and Pierce Butler
d. John Rutledge, Charles Pinckney, Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, and
Alexander Hamilton
5.What issue did South Carolina delegates emphasize during the
Constitutional Convention?
a.Making sure all of the states got equal representation in Congress
b.Establishing diplomatic relations with Britain and France
c.Maintaining the institution of slavery in the South
d.Using the terms “slave” and “slavery” in the document where
6.One of the chief concerns of the Anti-federalists was _________.
a.the need for a Bill of Rights in the Constitution
b.keeping the right to tax at the state level, not the federal level
c.establishing interstate roads and other transportation systems
d.making sure Congress was unicameral, with representation based on
7.Created a loose alliance of states
8.Refused to allow Americans to use the Mississippi R
B.Separation of Powers
9.Govt. seizing farms of indebted farmers led to
C. Checks and Balances
10.Constitutional Convention began this political tradition D.Spanish
11.Determined counting of slaves for representation
E.30 years
12.Atlantic slave trade will continue how long
13. Stops a branch of gov’t from gaining too much power G.Articles of Confederation
14. Low Country leaders in favor of the Constitution
H. 3/5 Compromise
15. Up Country leaders who did not favor the Constitution I.James Madison
16. Congress’s first act which led to ratification
J. Bill of Rights
17. 1st Secretary of Treasury who was a Federalist
K.Thomas Jefferson
18. 1 Secretary of State who was a Republican
L. Alexander Hamilton
19. ensured that British would keep forts Ohio R. Valley M. 20 years
20. Formally approve
N. Ratify
21. Included both proportional and equal representation
O. Shay’s Rebellion
22. First ten constitutional amendments
P. Mexico
Q.Bill of Rights
R. Great Compromise
S. Compromise
Review the following:
 Definitions of Essential Terms
 Chapter 3 Lesson 3 Reading Guide pages 99-104
 Notes covering the remainder of Lesson 3
 5 Questions Answered in class from page115(most of you took pictures)
 Focus on Compromises
 Focus on Contrasting the Federalists and Anti-Federalists
 Establishing a New Government Quiz
 South Carolina’s leaders during this era
 Reason why capital was moved to Columbia
 Lesson 3 Key Ideas: Essential Information to Understand
Define the terms and explain how they are related to each other.
23. duty _______________________________________________________________________________
boycott ____________________________________________________________________________
relationship _______________________________________________________________________
24. smuggle ___________________________________________________________________________
writ ________________________________________________________________________________
relationship _______________________________________________________________________
25. siege _______________________________________________________________________________
morale _____________________________________________________________________________
relationship _______________________________________________________________________
26. confederation ____________________________________________________________________
constitution _______________________________________________________________________
relationship _______________________________________________________________________
Chapter 3—Answers
1. B
2. A
3. C
4. B
5. D
6. C
7. A
8. C
9. B
10. A
11. C
12. C
13. D
14. A
15. B
16. A
17. C
18. D
19. B
20. B
21. C
22. A
23. duty: a government tax on specific products, often imported
boycott: a form of protest or punishment where one party refuses to
buy goods from another
As a result of the duties placed on American colonists, some patriots
responded by boycotting British goods.
24. smuggle: to import or export goods secretly and in violation of law
writ: an official order issued by the government
When colonists defied the British by smuggling goods, the British
searched their houses using writs of assistance.
25. siege: a military blockade combined with the relentless attack on a city
or fort
morale: the enthusiasm and confidence of a group, especially a fighting
After the British laid siege to Charles Town and captured the city, morale
among South Carolina Patriots was low.
26. confederation: a partnership among countries or states in which
authority over all is loosely shared
constitution: a document containing the fundamental political
principles on which a state or nation is governed
When the new nation’s Articles of Confederation turned out to be
ineffective, delegates from each state held a convention to write a better
plan for government, the Constitution.