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10th Grade Health
Test: UNDERSTANDING DRUGS AND MEDICINE
Matching Key terms: match the statement with the correct letter from the list below. (1 point each)
1. _____ A medicine that can be obtained only with a written order from a doctor.
2. _____Intense feelings of well-being, elation, happiness, excitement, and joy.[ .
3. _____ A sensory receptor that sends signals that cause the perception of pain in response to
potentially damaging stimulus
4. _____ Any substance that causes a change in a person’s physical or emotional state.
5. _____ A drug that is used to cure, prevent, or treat illness or discomfort.
6. _____ A drug that can be purchased without using a prescription.
7. _____ A disease from drinking too much; that replaces healthy liver tissue with scar tissue.
8. _____ Helping an addict avoid the negative consequences of his or her behavior.
9. _____ Substances like cocaine and meth that increase energy and alertness.
10. _____ Any chemical agent that causes cancer.
11. _____ Drugs derived from poppy plant and used as pain relievers, anesthetics, or sedatives
12. _____ A neurotransmitter that stimulates the body’s reward system and makes it feel pleasure.
a. Opiates
b. dopamine
c. stimulant
d. cirrhoses
e. carcinogen
f. Nociceptor
g. Over the counter
h. enabling
i. medicine
j. drug
k prescription
l. Euphoria
Fill in the blank (1 point each)
13. ______________________ . is an abnormal physiological process brought on by predisposition
to genetics or environment that produces predictable signs and symptoms.
14. _______________________ is a prescription drug that kills bacteria to help cure infection.
15. _______________________ are used to prevent infections in the people exposed to the
infection agent. A small or dead strain of the virus is used to build immunity.
16. The ________________-ingredient is the chemical component that gives a medicine its action.
17. Itching, swelling, wheezing, pounding heart and fainting are all signs that a person has gone into
______________________-shock.
18. To reinforce the behavior the brain releases ______________________- chemical messenger
that let us feel pleasure
19. People abuse drugs because of their effects on the ______________________.
20. Emotionally or mentally needing a drug in order to function normally is called
________________________________ - dependence.
21. _________________-___________________________-____________________ or (BAC) is the
amount of alcohol in a person’s blood, expressed as a percentage.
Short answer: please write legibly. (2 points each)
22. Explain why teenagers are at higher risk for addiction than adults.
23. What are 2 things to ask your doctor before taking a medicine.
24. Name 2 types of treatment for drug addiction.
25. Name 2 long term effects of using alcohol.
Essay Questions: (5 points each)
26. What are the 5 stages in the cycle of addiction in order.
27. Explain what makes addiction a brain disease. Please include all that you know about
addictions effects on the brain.
28. Explain how pain medicine such as ibuprofen and aspirin work at a chemical messenger level.
Extra Credit (1,2,3,4,5 points possible)
29. Draw, label, AND explain the “tri-brain” theory. How is this linked to addiction as a brain
disease?
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