Moldova - Closter Public Schools

Government commitment to the Goals varies according to local needs
Moldova initiated the process of implementing the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in 2003. In 2005, the Government approved the first
National MDG Report, which provided an analysis of the situation and defined the national MDG indicators and targets. Several MDGs were
reformulated to better reflect the country’s priorities.
The MDG Report is not a planning document, however. The National Development Strategy (NDS) is the main strategic planning document for
the period 2008-2011. The NDS 2008-2011 defines policies and activities aimed to achieve long-term objectives, including the MDGs. Although all
revised MDGs and indicators are covered in the NDS, government commitments towards their implementation, and therefore the achieved results,
differ from goal to goal.
Moldova has made significant progress in achieving Goal 1: The poverty rate ($2.15 PPP per person per day) decreased from 45 per cent in 2000
to 13.2 per cent in 2006, though it is impossible to compare data from 2006 with data from previous years due to different sampling procedures
(even if the statistical data show an improvement in the poverty rate evolution, analysis shows that the situation is worsening due to the effects of
the severe drought in 2007 and other external shocks). This reduction in poverty is very much linked to the robust growth rates registered by the
country in the last six years. Good progress has been made towards implementation of measures seeking to reduce child and maternal mortality
rates. In 2007, the child mortality rate was ranked at 10.6 per 1,000 live births, and the maternal mortality ratio was 15.8 per 100,000 live
Achieving the objective on HIV/AIDS is a serious challenge. In 2007, the incidence of HIV/AIDS in Moldova was 17.41 per 100,000, compared to
4.0 in 2000. Policies related to curbing the spread of HIV/AIDS have been formulated in the National Programme on Prevention and Control of
HIV/AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Infections for 2006-2010, which was approved by the Government in 2005. The National Programme includes
a broad set of measures on preventing the spread of the infection with special attention to children and youth, effective surveillance of the
epidemiological situation, development of testing systems, and medical and social care of people living with HIV/AIDS.
Last updated 26 August 2008
Moldova, Republic of
Total population (millions): 4.2
Population growth (annual %): -0.3
Surface area (sq. km): 33,851
GDP per capita (PPP US$): 1,908
GDP growth (annual %): 4.0
Inflation, GDP deflator (annual %): 12.5
Unemployment (% of total labor force): 7.3
Life expectancy at birth (years): 67.9
Median age of total population (years): 32.5
Human Development Index (Rank 1 - 177): 114
Human Development Index Value: 0.7
Sex ratio at birth (males per 100 females): 106.1
Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education
Net enrolment ratio in primary education (% both sexes): 90.6
Percentage of pupils starting Grade 1 and reach Grade 5 (% both sexes): 97.0
Goal 3: Promote gender equality and empower women
Gender parity Index in primary level enrolment (ratio of girls to boys): 1.0
Literacy rates of 15-24 years old (% both sexes): 99.7
Seats held by women in national parliament (%): 21.8
Goal 4: Reduce child mortality
Mortality rate of children under 5 years old (per 1,000 live births): 19
1-year-old children immunized against measles (%): 96
Goal 5: Improve maternal health
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 births): 22
Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
People living with HIV,15-49 yrs old (%): 0.4
Prevalence of tuberculosis (per 100,000 people): 154
Goal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability
Land area covered by forest (%): 10.0
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons): 1.9578
Access to improved drinking water sources (% of total population): 90