logic, argument, and reasoning

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Dmitry Zaitsev
Lomonosov Moscow State University,
Russia
LOGIC, ARGUMENT, AND REASONING
In my talk, I am going to consider the subject-matter of logic in the light of
recent developments in logic per se and adjacent areas.
To begin with, I plan to review different concepts of logic.
Next, I will examine in detail the widespread notion of logic as the study of
valid inferences and correct reasoning. More specifically, I will try to establish
grounds for the claim that (1) neither a compendium of current results integrated
under the label ‘logic’ is the science of how to evaluate reasoning and construct
arguments, (2) nor a study of how normative models of reasoning are used in
different discursive contexts can be identified with logic.
The final part of my talk suggests modernization of Frege-Łukasiewicz’s
ontological vision of logic as a science of specific abstract entities.
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