Introduction Do animals use language? Is there more than one kind of intelligence? In this topic, we will discuss Chapter 7 Thinking, Language and Intelligence in your textbook. In Chapter 7 we will expand our discussion of mental processes to include the topics of thinking, language, and intelligence. This chapter begins by describing the basic building blocks of human thought, such as mental imagery and concepts. What factors influence decision making? We will also learn about how we solve problems and make decisions. Chapter 7 also discusses one of the most impressive cognitive abilities,our capacity to use language. We will discuss the characteristics of language and how our language can impact our thinking. We will also have an opportunity to explore the possibility that humans are not the only animals that are capable of using language. We will cover the various methods that have been used to measure intelligence and the characteristics of well designed intelligence tests. Your textbook will discuss the controversy surrounding the concept of intelligence and the different theories that attempt to define this elusive concept. The role that genetics and environment play in our intellectual abilities will also be explored. Objectives After completing the learning activities for this topic, you will be able to: Define thinking and describe the foundations of thought--mental images and concepts. Discuss the problem-solving strategies of trial and error, algorithms, heuristics, insight, and intuition. Identify obstacles to problem-solving including functional fixedness and mental set. Explain decision-making and decision-making strategies. Define language and discuss how language can impact our thinking. Discuss whether nonhuman animals have been shown to use language. Describe the relationship between thinking and language. Contrast animal communication vs animal language. Identify the various tests used to measure intelligence. Compare the theories of intelligence. Discuss how genetics and environment influence intelligence. Activities Checklist To meet the learning objectives for this topic, you will complete these activities. Print this page and use it as a checklist. Review the Introduction and Objectives page. Read Chapter Seven: Thinking, Language and Intelligence in your textbook. Complete the assignments on the Learning Activities page. Complete the assignment: PsychSim 5 Reflection Questions - Get Smart Learning Activities Go to the publisher's web site and take the Practice Quiz over Chapter Seven. Watch the videos about Language: Animal Language - Kanzi with Lexigram Animal Language - Alex the Talking Parrot Animal Language - Koko the Signing Gorilla PsychSim5 – Get Smart Instructions 1. 2. 1. 2. 3. Edit Instructions Complete the PsychSim 5 Reflection Questions Assignment: Read the PsychSim 5 Assignment: Get Smart on the publisher's companion site. Type complete, comprehensive answers to all three Reflection Questions in a word processor file such as Word or Notepad. The required length for the answers is one page, including all three answers. Get Smart Reflection Questions: After the completion of this activity, what is your personal definition of intelligence? What intellectual abilities do you believe are most important to a successful professional and personal life? Identify the subtests of the WAIS in which you had the most success.What abilities were these subtests measuring? Give an example of a situation in which high emotional intelligence would be required.