Are you at risk of skin cancer? 1. The rate of skin cancer among adolescents is growing rapidly. It is believed that 1 in 5 Americans will get skin cancer at some point during their lives. Sunburn at a young age doubles an individual’s risk for skin cancer. This assessment will be used to assess an individual’s risk of skin cancer. 2. This assessment is designed for high school students under the age of 19. It is geared towards both males and females. Any student that is currently in grade 9 up to grade 12 may participate in this assessment. A portion of this assessment will question the individual’s utilization of tanning beds, since indoor tanning is the cause of 170,000 annual skin cancer cases. 3. The rating scale will be used to motivate the individual to take proper precautions when exposed to the sun. If a student finds that they are at risk of skin cancer, they will hopefully feel compelled to change their habits regarding tanning and sun exposure. This assessment will offer an instant decision regarding how likely the individual is to be diagnosed with skin cancer regarding their current behaviors. 4. I will use this rating scale to evaluate whether or not students are putting themselves at risk for skin cancer. If the participant finds that they answer “always” to many of the questions in the first section or “never” to many questions in the second section, it may open their eyes to their potential risk. This assessment will focus on utilization of tanning beds, not wearing sunscreen, being tan for events such as prom, knowing the signs and symptoms of skin cancer, amount of exposure to the sun, and protecting themselves when exposed to the sun. 5. The rating scale will ask questions that the individual answers with “always” for 4 points, “often” for 3 points, “rarely” for 2 points, and “never” for 1 point in the first section. In the second section, the individual will answer “always” for 1 point, “often” for 2 points, “rarely” for 3 points, and “never” for 4 points. At the conclusion of the survey, the participant will add up their total score from every question. The higher the score, the higher the risk the individual has for getting skin cancer. 6. This assessment will be given during homeroom at a high school. Any student of any age may participate. No prior knowledge is needed on the subject; the student just has to answer each question truthfully to obtain their score. The instructor should have knowledge on the subject in case students have questions afterwards. The instructor should also be capable of directing the students to access information on the subject, such as the Skin Cancer Foundation or Sun Aware websites. 7. The information obtained from this assessment is pertinent both to the individual as well as the administration. This assessment is used to create awareness of the student on how likely they are to get skin cancer if they continue with their current behaviors. We will collect the assessments after administering to see how many students have a high risk. This research is formative because it may urge high schools to incorporate a program teaching students the risks of sun exposure. If a program is implemented, this assessment could be considered a pre-test. Write the number pertaining to your answer. Add up your score at the bottom to find your risk for skin cancer: Section One: Always (4) Often (3) Rarely (2) Never (1) You go indoor tanning more than 2 times per month ________ You do not feel the need for sunscreen ________ You tan before big events such as prom, etc. ________ You work outside for long periods of time ________ You find that you get sunburn after only a short amount of time in the sun ________ Section One Total: ________ Section 2: Always (1) Often (2) Rarely (3) Never (4) You visit a dermatologist annually for a skin exam ________ You monitor yourself for changes in moles or spots on your skin ________ You know the signs and symptoms of skin cancer and look for them on yourself ________ You know and remember that having family members with skin cancer increases your risk ________ You wear protective clothing when in the sun such as a hat, UV protectant shirt, sunglasses, etc. ________ Section Two Total: ________ Combined Total: ________ Scores: 10 or less: Great job! You take the proper precautions when exposed to the sun and you are at low risk for skin cancer. 11-19: For the most part, you have a low risk for skin cancer. You should consider going the extra mile to ensure that your body stays healthy for a long time! Visit the Skin Cancer Foundation’s website for tips on how to stay protected in the sun. 20-29: You have a moderate risk for skin cancer. Just because you don’t always take part in activities that expose you to the sun doesn’t mean that you aren’t at risk! Consider visiting the Skin Cancer Foundation’s website for more information and to learn how to stay protected. 30-40: You have a very high risk for skin cancer. We encourage you to look into more information on skin cancer by visiting the Skin Cancer Foundation or Sun Aware websites. Remember, a tan is a sign of DNA damage that is irreversible! If you take control now, you can lower your risk and stay healthy. References "Skin Cancer." Mayo Clinic. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 06 June 2012. Web. 01 May 2013. <http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/skin-cancer/DS00190>. "Skin Cancer Facts." Skin Cancer Facts. Skin Cancer Foundation, 12 Feb. 2013. Web. 01 May 2013. <http://www.skincancer.org/skin-cancer-information/skin-cancer-facts>.