Fragmentation Papers
Gilinsky, N.L., and J B. Bennington, 1994, Estimating numbers of whole
individuals from collections of body parts: A taphonomic limitation of the
paleontologic record: Paleobiology, v. 20, p. 245-258.
Di Geronimo, I., and ROBBA, E., 1976, Metodologie qualitative e quantitative per
lo studio delle biocenosi e delle paleocomunita marine bentoniche: CNR, Gruppo
Paleobenthos, Rapporto di Lavoro, no. 1, 35 p., [in Italian].
Johnson, R.G., 1960, Models and methods for analysis of the mode of formation
of fossil assemblages: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 71, p. 10751086, doi: 10.1130/0016-7606(1960)71[1075:MAMFAO]2.0.CO;2.
Kowalewski, M., Gürs, K., Nebelsick, J.H., Oschmann, W., Piller, W.E., and
Hoffmeister, A.P., 2002, Multivariate hierarchical analyses of Miocene mollusk
assemblages of Europe: Paleogeographic, paleoecological, and biostratigraphic
implications: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 114, p. 239-256, doi:
Staff, G.M., and Powell, E.N., 1990, Local variability of taphonomic attributes in a
parautochthonous assemblage; can taphonomic signature distinguish a
heterogeneous environment?: Journal of Paleontology, v. 64, p. 648-658.
(look for “minor fragments”).
Miller, A.I., Counting fossils in a Cincinnatian storm bed: Spatial resolution in the
fossil record, in Brett, C.E., and Baird, G.C., eds., Paleontological Events:
Stratigraphic, Ecological, and Evolutionary Implications: Publisher and page
Tolmacheva, T., Egerquist, E., Meidla, T., and Holmer. L., 2001, Spatial
variations in faunal composition, Middle Ordovician, Volkhov Stage, East Baltic:
GFF, v. 123, p. 65-72, doi: 10.1080/11035890101232065.
Zuschin, M., Stachowitsch, M., and Stanton, R.J., Jr., 2003, Patterns and
processes of shell fragmentation in modern and ancient marine environments:
Earth-Science Reviews, v. 63, p. 33–82.
Badgley, C., 1986, Counting individuals in mammalian fossil assemblages from
fluvial environments: Palaios, v. 1, p. 328-338.
Bennington, J B., and Rutherford, S.D., 1999, Precision and reliability in
paleocommunity comparisons based on cluster-confidence intervals: How to get
more statistical bang for your sampling buck: Palaios, v. 14, p. 506-515, doi:
Behrensmeyer, A.K., and Barry, J.C., 2005, Biostratigraphic Surveys in the
Siwaliks of Pakistan: A Method for standardized surface sampling of the
vertebrate fossil record: Palaeontologia Electronica, v. 8, no. 1, 839KB, Checked June
Behrensmeyer, A.K., Kidwell, S.M., and Gastaldo, R.A., 2000. Taphonomy and
paleobiology: Paleobiology: v. 26, no. sp4, p. 103-147.
Bernasconi, M.P., and Stanley, D.J., 1997, Molluscan biofacies, their distributions
and current erosion on the Nile Delta Shelf: Journal of Coastal Research, v. 14, p.
Carnevale, G., Landini, W., Ragaini, L., di Celma, C., and Cantalamessa, G.,
2011, Taphonomic and paleoecological analyses (mollusks and fishes) of the
Súa Member condensed shellbed, Upper Onzole Formation (Early Pliocene,
Ecuador): Palaios, v. 26, p. 160-172, doi: 10.2110/palo.2010.p10-070r.
Grey, M., Boulding, E.G., and Brookfield, M.E., 2006, Estimating multivariate
selection gradients in the fossil record: A naticid gastropod case study:
Paleobiology, v. 32, p. 100-108.
Kidwell, S.M., Rothus, T.A., and Best, M.M.R., 2001, Sensitivity of taphonomic
signatures to sample size, sieve size, damage scoring system, and target taxa:
Palaios, v. 16, p. 26-52.
Kolbe, S.E., Zambito, J.J., IV., Brett, C.E., Wise, J.L., and Wilson, R.D., 2011,
Brachiopod shell discoloration as an indicator of taphonomic alteration in the
deep-time fossil record: Palaios, v. 26, p. 682-692, doi: 10.2110/palo.2011.p11023r.
Kowalewski, M., Kiessling, W., Aberhan, M., Fürsich, F.T., Scarponi, D., Barbour
Wood, S.L., and Hoffmeister, A.P., 2006, Ecological, taxonomic, and taphonomic
components of the post-Paleozoic increase in sample-level species diversity of
marine benthos: Paleobiology, v. 32, p. 533-561.
Leighton, L.R., and Schneider, C.L., 2004, Neighbor Proximity Analysis, a
technique for assessing spatial patterns in the fossil record: Palaios, v. 19, p.
(see caveats, p. 401)
Mannion, P.D., and Upchurch, P., 2010, Completeness metrics and the quality of
the sauropodomorph fossil record through geological and historical time:
Paleobiology, v. 36, p. 283-302.
Olszewski, T.D., and Kidwell, S.M., 2007, The preservational fidelity of evenness
in molluscan death assemblages, Paleobiology, v. 33, p. 1-23, doi:
doi: 10.1666/05059.1.
Salamon, M.A., Gorzelak, P., Niedzwiedzki, R., Trzesiok, D., and Baumiller, T.K.,
2014, Trends in shell fragmentation as evidence of mid-Paleozoic changes in
marine predation: Paleobiology, v. 40, p. 14-23, doi: 10.1666/13018.
(example of fragments being sufficient, informative)
Peters, S.E., 2004, Evenness of Cambrian–Ordovician benthic marine
communities in North America: Paleobiology, v. 30, p. 325-346.
Tomašových, A., and Kidwell, S.M., 2011, Accounting for the effects of biological
variability and temporal autocorrelation in assessing the preservation of species
abundance: Paleobiology, v. 37, p. 332-354, doi: 10.1666/09506.1.
White, P.D., Fastovsky, D.E., and Sheehan, P.M., 1998. Taphonomy and
suggested structure of the Dinosaurian assemblage of the Hell Creek Formation
(Maastrichtian), eastern Montana and western North Dakota: Palaios, v. 13, p.
Zaton, M., and Salamon, M.A., 2008, Durophagous predation on Middle Jurassic
molluscs, as evidenced from shell fragmentation: Palaeontology, v. 51, p. 63-70.
Zuschin, M., Harzhauser, M., and Mandic, O., 2005. Influence of size-sorting on
diversity estimates from tempestitic shell beds in the Middle Miocene of Austria:
Palaios, v. 20, p. 142, doi: 10.2210/palo.2003.p03-87.