Infusion of Literacy into the Science Curriculum Book Information Title The Sun, The Wind, the Rain Author Lisa Westberg Peters Publisher Henry Holt Copyright Year 1998 IBN# 0805014810 Summary While Elizabeth builds a mountain out of wet sand, the geological concept of mountain formation is clearly explained and impressively illustrated. Availability Arlington Central Library; APS Library system Barcroft, Abingdon, Arlington Traditional, Campbell, Claremont, Nottingham; Amazon (for purchase). How can the book content be infused into the science curriculum? Grade Level K-5 Strands Scientific Investigation, Reasoning and Logic; Earth Patterns, Cycle and Change, Interrelationships in Earth/Space Systems Kindergarten Scientific Investigation, Reasoning and Logic K.1; K.2- Five senses, descriptions and sequencing Earth Patterns, Cycle and Change K.9 & K.10 Patterns; weather, animal/plant growth, routines, change Grade 1 Scientific Investigation, Reasoning and Logic 1.1- Classifying, measuring, predicting Earth Patterns, Cycle and Change 1.7 Weather, seasons: effects on plants, animals Grade 2 Scientific Investigation, Reasoning and Logic 2.1- Measurement, classification, graphs, unexpected data Earth Patterns, Cycle and Change 2.7 Effect of weather and seasonal changes on growth and behavior Grade 3 Scientific Investigation, Reasoning and Logic 3.1- Making predications and observations, data charted, drawing conclusion Interrelationships in Earth/Space Systems 3.7 Soil Grade 4 Scientific Investigation, Reasoning and Logic 4.1- Hypotheses, predictions, measurement Grade 5 Scientific Investigation, Reasoning and Logic 5.1- Classification key, measurement, graphing data, variables Earth Patterns, Cycle and Change 5.7 Rock cycle, plate tectonics, erosion Sample Activities Grade K-2 1. Demonstrate the eroding of a sand castle by water. Pack sand into a plastic glass and dampen it with water to make a mold. Invert the mold at a high end of a paint pan. Remove the plastic glass, leaving the sand mold. Sprinkle water over the sand and observe what happens. Compare this to what happened to the little girl’s sand castle. 2. Ask the class if they have ever seen anything crumble. Give each student a baby food jar of warm water and a sugar cube. Predict what will happen when the cube is placed in water. Observe and describe what happened. The gradual breaking apart and dissolving is a simulation of weathering of the Earth’s surface. 3. Students can compare sand and soil samples taken from different locations in Arlington using magnifiers. Are all soil samples taken from Arlington alike? Write a hypothesis. Observe, sketch and label what you see on an observation sheet. What can you conclude? What further questions do you have? Grade 3-5 To demonstrate wind erosion, students will observe how wind can carry sand from one location and deposit it into another location. Give each group an egg carton, black construction paper, salt and rock salt, sand, small bowl, flexible drinking straw and safety goggles. Cut the egg carton at the fold and place end to end with the top of the carton touching the bottom. Put the black paper on the carton top so that is hangs slightly over the edge of the carton bottom. Mix the salt and rock salt in the bow and pile the mixture on the black paper near the edge. Bend the straw and place the short end next to the mixture’s midpoint. Predict where the salt particles will land when you blow on the straw. Put on the safety goggles. Blow into the long end of the straw and observe what happens. (The heavier particles will land in the sections of the carton that are closer. The lighter weight particles land in sections farther away. Repeat the steps using a mixture of fine and coarse sand. To demonstrate water erosion and deposition students will observe what happens when water flows over land. Using a plastic paint roll pan, fill the pan with a mixture of sand and dirt. Place the brick under the enclosed end of the pan to hold it up. Hold a funnel at the raised end. Pour water into the funnel in a continuous stream. Observe what happens to the soil in its path. As the water flows over the soil, it carries soil particles and deposits them creating a delta. Repeat using the funnel at a different splash block. See if the water takes a different path. Smooth the soil in the splash block. Make an Sshaped path in the soil with a spoon. Predict what will happen to the soil when water flows along this path. Pour the water into the funnel and observe. Experiment with other trays at different heights, 2 in. 3 in. and 4 in. Observe how quickly did the water flow? What happens to the sand? (Taken from The Best of Mailbox Science Grades 4-6 2006).