Adam Smith’s book The Wealth of Nations was published in 1776. His book focused on five key ingredients of mercantilism. These five ingredients include profit-motive, private wealth, free markets, laissez-faire, and the invisible hand. These ideas were all a great basis for the start of economic growth. It is important to keep in mind that Adam Smith did not consider corporations. He believed that corporations would lead to a monopoly. Smith had a huge impact on the economic revolution. If the society did not have the foundation set by Smith then there would be no telling where the world of business would be. However, with all this said, John Nash proved this theory wrong. He won a Nobel Prize for doing so. The profit-motive is the idea that the ultimate goal of a business is to make money. The reason that business’s not only exist, but thrive as well, is to make a profit. The profit motive functions based on the theory that it is acceptable for individuals to survive well, and go after what is in their best interests and what will benefit them the most. Relating that to the business world, businesses are out to find what’s in their best interests, in hopes of increasing and maximizing profits. A free market is a system in which the prices of goods and services are set freely by the producers and consumers. This involves laissez-faire, because it should not be interfered by the government. Each exchange of goods or services would be a voluntary agreement between a consumer and producer. It was created in order to liberalize standards. It came with the assumption that no harm will come to the society. The market system used in modern day business is not necessarily a free market. The government has set price floors, and price ceilings to control minimum wages, prices on goods and services, and a few others. Laissez-fair means “let it be.” Meaning that the government will not interfere with the market system. This policy received strong support in past economics. However, modern day business has come to terms that this is no longer the case. The government interferes quite a bit. Especially during recessions. The government interferes by spending more, and by reducing taxes to expand the economy, or do the opposite to contract the economy. The invisible hand is a metaphor, a justification, or excuse. It is an ideology that if someone succeeds and gets rich doing so, the wealth will spread across the entire economy and help the society as a whole. Smith assumed that any government intervention would be irrelevant because the economy would be better off with the invisible hand. John Nash won a Nobel Prize for proving this theory incorrect. John Nash came up with the idea that economics is more of a game and less of a science. He called it the “Game Theory.” Nash placed structure around how players in a game can optimize their outcomes. In summary, the “Game Theory” states that two individuals working together will achieve much more than a sole individual competing against another sole individual. These five ingredients are not scientific principles. They are only principles, or ideologies. Scientific principles are self-correcting. For example, gravity is a scientific principle. Smith’s ideas have been corrected, however, not by itself. Others have corrected it for him. Adam Smith’s motives were to aid in the economic revolution. He wanted to have a more efficient economy. Although, it could be said that he wanted more wealth without feeling guilty or being accused of greed, which back then would have been considered a serious sin. He did not want to be stuck in the same position as his father, the one he was granted because of the way things were. He wanted to grow, become successful, and make money like many others. In order for him to achieve this, he put together these ideas as a tool to help achieve his wealth without being blasphemous. Adam Smith’s ideas, although many have been proven wrong, were great stepping stones for modern day economics. Business surrounds society by every corner. There is no escaping it. It is important for individuals to know where it all began, especially those who have a desire to pursue a career in business. People in business still go back to the ideas set by Smith. Before the economic revolution, things were controlled by the whip of authority. Things were done with stability over profit. After the revolution, the market system was created and opened an immense opportunity for change in business and in lifestyles.