Name __________________________________ Date _______________________________Act 7.4 Key Read and Reread Note-Taking Guide Chart for Expository Text Title: How Did the History of Spain Affect Its Worldview? Author: Levin, Moline and Redhead Source: Our Worldviews: Explore, Understand, Connect Pages: 236-237 First Reading Second Reading Third Reading Fourth Reading Paraphrase of first and last paragraph of “The Reconquista”. Boldface type, italics, subheadings, in order of appearance, and needed clarifications Paraphrase of the topic sentence of each paragraph. Important information from section Starting with the arrival of the Romans, the Iberian Peninsula had was continually invaded and colonized by different peoples. First, Christian invaders/colonizers included the Romans, Ostrogoths, Franks and Visigoths. After 711 CE, the Moors of Muslim faith coming from North Africa dominate the southern region and call it Al-Andalus. Moors: A Muslim people of Berber and Arab descent from North Africa. Spain had been ruled by Muslims for 700 years. Conquistador: One who conquers; Spanish leaders of the conquest of Mexico and Peru. For centuries, northern Christian kingdoms, becoming more powerful, sought to control the southern Muslim territory. Given the defeat of the Moors, regional kingdoms persisted on the Iberian Peninsula. With the marriage of King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella in 1479, the two largest kingdoms of Aragon and Castille were united. Spain did not exist as it does today, but consisted of several kingdoms under the authority of a monarchy. The Reconquista was the movement to recapture the Iberian land controlled by Muslims The Reconquista consisted of sporadic battles lasting over 700 years. After the defeat of the Muslims, the Iberian Peninsula consisted of various kingdoms with regional loyalities. Most of Europe was Christian at the time and did not accept Muslims and Jews. The Kingdom of Castille successfully reconquered Toledo in 1085 Aragon and Catalonia united to fight Muslim control in the 1100s. With the support of the papacy, King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella’s conquistadors take over the last Muslim controlled city of Granada in 1492. Many Christians at this time thought it their duty to convert non-believers and fought for both religious and nationalistic reasons. Summary of Article Led by the northern kingdoms of the Iberian Peninsula, the Reconquista was the papacy endorsed movement to recapture or reconquer the lands controlled by Muslims. This intermittent war lasted over 700 years and saw the kingdoms of Castille, led by Queen Isabella, and Aragon, led by King Ferdinand emerge as the uniting power of Spain by 1492. As a result of this movement, Spanish conquistadors fight for both religious and nationalistic reasons. Name __________________________________ Date _______________________________Act 7.4 Key Title: How Did the History of Spain Affect its Worldview? Author: Levin, Moline and Redhead Source: Our Worldviews: Explore, Understand, Connect Page: 238 I can… I can explain the cause/effect relationship of the Spanish Inquisition. Instructions: Complete the following chart based on the information found on page 238 under the subsection “Spanish Inquisition”. Cause of the Spanish Inquisition Queen Isabella’s Reason for the Inquisition King Ferdinand’s Reason for the Inquisition Isabella believed that the country would be united only if everyone followed one religion. Ferdinand saw the struggles around religion as an opportunity to control people. Event (Spanish Inquisition) What was the Inquisition? The Inquisition was both a civil and a religious court. Its purpose originally was to judge those that had converted to Roman Catholicism but soon judged all citizens accused of not following the faith. Cause of the Spanish Inquisition What happened because of the Inquisition? A person found guilty could face punishments of confinement dungeons, torture or death. Those just accused but found innocent lost property and were forbidden from holding political office. Eventually, all Muslims and Jewish converts were expelled from Spain. Summarize the “Spanish Inquisition” Paragraph Green Light Yellow Light Red Light The Spanish Inquisition was put into place by Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand as a way to unite and control their citizens. It was a civil and religious court that judged the Jewish and Muslim genuineness of their conversion. Through barbaric techniques of dungeon confinement and torture, those found guilty were possibly killed but would often be expelled from Spanish lands. The court eventually started to judge “Cradle Catholics”. One’s life would change dramatically with even an accusation appearing before the Inquisition; you would lose your property and your right to hold public office.