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In class problems January 15, 2013 1) Of 100 people, 50 are Democrats, 40 are Republicans, and 10 are Independents. The percentages of the people in these three categories who read The Wall Street Journal are known to be 30, 60, and 40 percent, respectively. If one of these people is observed reading the Journal, what is the probability that he or she is a Republican? 2) Let A denote the event that a person lives in New York City. Let P(A) = 0.5. Let B denote the event that the person does not live in New York City but works in the city. Let P(B) = 0.4. What is the probability that the person either lives in the city or does not live in the city but works there? 3) The following table gives the joint probability of X and Y, where X represents a person’s poverty status, and Y represents the person’s race: X Y White Black Hispanic Asian Below Poverty Line 0.0546 0.0315 0.0337 0.0046 Above Poverty Line 0.6153 0.0969 0.1228 0.0406 a) Compute f(X|Y = white); f(X|Y = black); f(X|Y = Hispanic), and f(X|Y = Asian). What general conclusions can you draw from these computations? b) Are race and poverty status independent variables? How do you know? 4) The following table gives joint probabilities relating cell phone usage to stopping properly at intersections. On cell phone Not using cell phone Failed to stop at intersection 0.047 0.201 Stopped at intersection 0.016 0.736 a) Compute the probability of failing to stop at an intersection, given the driver was on the cell phone. b) Compute the probability of failing to stop at an intersection, given the driver was not using a cell phone. c) Compute the probability of stopping properly at an intersection, given the driver was on the cell phone. d) Are cell phone usage and failing to stop at intersections independent of each other? Why or why not?