BEHEMOUTH/JEKYLL AND HYDE Powers:_______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Strengths:_____________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Weaknesses:___________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Home:________________________________________________________________________ Residence:_____________________________________________________________________ Friends:_______________________________________________________________________ Enemies:______________________________________________________________________ Describe Morality and Ethics of the Character: ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Hulk dir. Ang Lee The Incredible Hulk Reboot Hulk Vs. Wolverine The Hulk: Fact vs. Fiction Stefan Lovgren for National Geographic News July 2, 2003 A few years ago, the filmmakers behind The Hulk began surfing the Internet in search of some real-life science to update the classic comic book story about a shy scientist who transforms into a raging beast. On the Web site for the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, they found what they were looking for: the Gamma Sphere, a super-advanced spectrometer designed to detect gamma rays, extremely powerful radiation. With its vivid colors and angled metal supports, the hulking machine looked the perfect part. Hollywood technology wizards quickly built their own replica of the Gamma Sphere. In the movie, the monster within Bruce Banner is unleashed after the scientist is hit with gamma rays during an experiment. "The Gamma Sphere in the movie is very realistic and looks the same as the real one," said I-Yang Lee, who heads Berkeley's nuclear physics program. "But there's one big difference. Our Gamma Sphere doesn't emit radiation, it detects it." OK, so there may not be a real gamma ray machine that occasionally zaps poor scientists and turns them into giant green monsters. Hollywood can still twist the truth to fit or embellish a story. But the science behind Hollywood movies is turning increasingly sophisticated. As audiences grow more science savvy—there are even Web sites rating movies based on the plausibility of movie physics— filmmakers strive to make their movies as scientifically realistic as possible. Mutated DNA In The Hulk, Banner's father, David, an Army scientist, gets a little carried away with an experiment to boost his immune system by mutating his DNA. He survives, but passes on the mutated DNA to his son, Bruce. When Bruce, who grows up to be a scientist, is hit with a massive dose of gamma radiation—fatal to anyone with a normal genetic makeup—he doesn't die. Instead, the accident triggers the mutated DNA and unleashes the Hulk within Bruce. To ensure that the story was based on accurate science, Universal Pictures hired a science consultant, John Underkoffler, to work on the movie. "The first thing they wanted me to come up with was an explanation for the research that the scientists in the film were pursuing, which would then lead to the accident that creates the Hulk," said Underkoffler. "[The director] also wanted all the background, the techniques and gestures, from how to hold a beaker to the more theoretical, to be as realistic as possible." While the mutations that the Hulk goes through are clearly in the comic book realm, doctors in real life are able to introduce genes into the body to repair damage on a sub-cellular level. The catalyst that triggers the younger Banner's transformation may not be that far-fetched either. Studies have documented the amazing effects of the addition of a simple dose of adrenaline into the bloodstream of animals and humans. Adrenaline boosts has been known to provide brief episodes of superhuman strength, like the time when a 123-pound (56-kilogram) Florida mom reportedly lifted a 3,000-pound (1,350-kilogram) vehicle off her trapped child. Teaching Comic Book Science A few books, such as The Science of Superheroes by Lois H. Gresh and Robert Weinberg, test the science depicted in comic books. Some university professors, like James Kakalios of the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis, even believe the fantastic feats of superheroes are useful for teaching physics. Kakalios teaches a physics course nicknamed, "Everything I know of science, I learnt from reading comic books," where final exam projects have posed such questions as: "If you, like the comic book hero the Flash, were to run around the world in 80 seconds, how much would you have to eat in order to have the calories?" (Answer: everything in The Joy of Cooking—26 times). "Students are so busy enjoying their superhero ice cream sundae that they don't notice that I'm sneakily getting them to lower their guard and eat their spinach at the same time," Kakalios told an American Physical Society meeting in Austin, Texas, this spring. Insultingly Stupid Movie Physics Then there are the self-proclaimed "techno-nerds," who dissect and criticize every technical or scientific detail in movies. One Web site, "Insultingly Stupid Movie Physics," even reviews movies based on their scientific merit. Titanic, Pearl Harbor and the first Terminator movie all receive a "PGP" rating for "pretty good physics." Meanwhile, Star Wars: The Phantom Menace, Armageddon, and AI: Artificial Intelligence were slapped with "XP" ratings for containing "physics from an unknown universe." Tom Rogers, an engineer who runs the Web site, has not seen The Hulk, but based on the trailers and on-line reviews his impression is that its physics are "pure comic book silliness." "In theory, a rapid metamorphosis process is possible, but not on the level depicted in the movie," he said. Rogers believes that, short term, the Hulk's strength could increase by as much as ten times, and the perceived size could increase by, say, 25 percent. This could be done by some combination of inhaling and changing to a more upright posture. "However, it couldn't be done without decreasing density," he said. "The Hulk appears to be at least twice his normal human height when he first appears. "This would mean an increase in volume of eight times and an increase in weight of eight times. Where would all this mass come from?" Meanwhile, I-Yang Lee, the nuclear scientist at the Berkeley lab, saw the movie. He agrees that it's not realistic, but says he still liked it. "At least it had a plot," he said. "Science fiction movies don't always have that." © 1996-2008 National Geographic Society. All rights reserved. Hulk Release Date: 2003 Ebert Rating: *** By Roger Ebert Jun 20, 2003 The Hulk is rare among Marvel superheroes in that his powers are a curse, not an advantage. When rage overcomes Dr. Bruce Banner and he turns into a green monster many times his original size, it is not to fight evil or defend the American way, but simply to lash out at his tormentors. Like the Frankenstein stories that are its predecessors, "Hulk" is a warning about the folly of those who would toy with the secrets of life. It is about the anguish of having powers you did not seek and do not desire. "What scares me the most," Banner tells his only friend, Betty Ross, "is that when it happens, when it comes over me, when I totally lose control, I like it." Ang Lee's "Hulk" (the movie's title drops "the") is the most talkative and thoughtful recent comic book adaptation. It is not so much about a green monster as about two wounded adult children of egomaniacs. Banner (Eric Bana) was fathered by a scientist (Nick Nolte) who has experimented on his own DNA code, and passed along genes that are transformed by a lab accident into his son's hulkhood. Betty Ross (Jennifer Connelly) is his research partner; they were almost lovers, but it didn't work out, and she speaks wryly of "my inexplicable fascination with emotionally distant men." Her cold father is General Ross (Sam Elliott), filled with military bluster and determined to destroy the Hulk. These two dueling oedipal conflicts are at the heart of "Hulk," and it's touching how in many scenes we are essentially looking at damaged children. When the Hulk's amazing powers become known, the military of course tries to kill him (that's the routine solution in most movies about aliens and monsters), but there's another villain who has a more devious scheme. That's Talbot (Josh Lucas), a venal entrepreneur who wants to use Banner's secret to manufacture a race of self-repairing soldiers. Lots of money there. The movie brings up issues about genetic experimentation, the misuse of scientific research and our instinctive dislike of misfits, and actually talks about them. Remember that Ang Lee is the director of films such as "The Ice Storm" and "Sense and Sensibility," as well as "Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon"; he is trying here to actually deal with the issues in the story of the Hulk, instead of simply cutting to brainless special effects. Just as well, too, because the Hulk himself is the least successful element in the film. He's convincing in closeup but sort of jerky in long shot--oddly, just like his spiritual cousin, King Kong. There are times when his movements subtly resemble the stop-frame animation used to create Kong, and I wonder if that's deliberate; there was a kind of eerie oddness about Kong's movement that was creepier than the slick smoothness of modern computer-generated creatures. "King Kong" is of course one of Lee's inspirations, in a movie with an unusual number of references to film classics. "Bride of Frankenstein" is another, as in a scene where Hulk sees his reflection in a pond. No prizes for identifying "Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde" as the source of the original comics. Other references include "Citizen Kane" (the Hulk tears apart a laboratory) and "The Right Stuff" (a jet airplane flies so high the stars are visible). There also is a shade of Gen. Jack D. Ripper in Gen. Ross, who is played by Elliott in a masterful demonstration of controlled and focused almostoveracting. The film has its share of large-scale action sequences, as rockets are fired at the Hulk and he responds by bringing down helicopters. And there are the obligatory famous landmarks, real and unreal, we expect in a superhero movie; the Golden Gate Bridge, Monument Valley, and of course an elaborate secret laboratory where Hulk can be trapped in an immersion chamber while his DNA is extracted. But these scenes are secondary in interest to the movie's central dramas, which involve the two sets of fathers and children. Banner has a repressed memory of a traumatic childhood event, and it is finally jarred loose after he meets his father again after many years. Nolte, looking like a man in desperate need of a barber and flea powder, plays Banner's dad as a man who works in the same laboratory, as a janitor. He uses DNA testing to be sure this is indeed his son, and in one clandestine conversation tells him, "You're going to have to watch that temper of yours." Connelly's character also has big issues with her father--she trusts him when she shouldn't--and it's amusing how much the dilemma of this character resembles the situation of the woman she played in "A Beautiful Mind." Both times she's in love with a brilliant scientist who's a sweetheart until he goes haywire, and who thinks he's being pursued by the government. The movie has an elegant visual strategy; after countless directors have failed, Ang Lee figures out how split-screen techniques can be made to work. Usually they're an annoying gimmick, but here he uses moving frame-lines and pictures within pictures to suggest the dynamic storytelling techniques of comic books. Some shots are astonishing, as foreground and background interact and reveal one another. There is another technique, more subtle, that reminds me of comics: He often cuts between different angles in the same closeup--not cutting away, but cutting from one view of a face to another, as graphic artists do when they need another frame to deal with extended dialogue. Whether "Hulk" will appeal to its primary audience--teenage science fiction fans--is hard to say. No doubt it will set the usual box office records over the weekend, but will it reach audiences who will respond to its dramatic ambition? Ang Lee has boldly taken the broad outlines of a comic book story and transformed them to his own purposes; this is a comic book movie for people who wouldn't be caught dead at a comic book movie. Cast & Credits Bruce Banner: Eric Bana Betty Ross: Jennifer Connelly Father: Nick Nolte Ross: Sam Elliott Talbot: Josh Lucas Young David Banner: Paul Kersey Universal Pictures Presents A Film Directed By Ang Lee. Written By John Turman, Michael France, James Schamus, Jack Kirby And Stan Lee. Based On The Story By James Schamus. Running Time: 138 Minutes. Rated PG-13 (For Sci-Fi Action Violence, Some Disturbing Images And Brief Partial Nudity). copyright 2005, rogerebert.com Hulk Vs. Wolverine, 2009 What is the point of this film? We have not discussed Wolverine as a character but I’m sure many of you are familiar with him. What is the contrast between Hulk and Wolverine?