Sample classification essay The Different Types of Environmental Pollution ‘Pollution’ is something that we all are concerned about in today’s time. The subject is a cause of much controversy and debate. It mainly is a result of negligence on our parts. We are responsible for polluting the soil, air and water with emission of gases, overuse of fertilizers, deforestation, the dumping of waste products etc. Pollution can have hazardous effects on our health. There are many different causes for pollution, and it has various side effects on our health systems. Some of the causes of pollution are described below. Air pollution Air pollution is the polluting of air by various means and is one of the most visible forms of pollution. We pollute air through the release of carbon monoxide from factories, vehicles etc. The air gets polluted when various particles from these gases change the chemical composition of the air. Air pollution has many detrimental effects on human health, the most common being Asthma. Prolonged exposure to air pollution can lead to Emphysema. It also is a cause of ‘Acid Rain’. This happens when chemicals released from the noxious gases get trapped in the rain. This changes the water chemical composition resulting in acid rain. Acid rain is very harmful as it pollutes rivers and lakes, as well as responsible for destroying plant and animal life. It changes the chemical composition of soil and kills the entire forests. The dire consequence of air pollution is its effects on global warming. Excessive carbon dioxide in the air changes the chemical composition of the ozone layer making holes in it and increasing the environmental temperature. This can lead to harmful effects on the environment. Water pollution Water pollution occurs in several ways. Industrial waste, sewage and waste water, radioactive waste products, oil pollution, underground storage leakages etc are some of the ways in which water is polluted. It not only is hazardous for humans but also for plant and animal life. Oil pollution is responsible for killing marine and bird life. Dumping waste substances and industrial waste cause contamination of water that can result in various illnesses and diseases. The drinking of contaminated water can seriously affect many body systems causing long term consequences. Water pollution strongly influences the delicate balance of nature by damaging the ecosystem and food chain of various animals. Soil pollution It occurs due to acid rain, polluted water and fertilizers. Over the limit use of chemicals is one of the major contributors to soil pollution. These chemicals affect the micro organisms present in the soil. As a result, the soil loses its fertility and mineral content. Farming and deforestation cause soil erosion as a result of moving of the top soil. This in turn, decreases the soil’s capacity to retain water rendering it unfit for farming. Movement of topsoil also causes it to flow to nearby rivers raising the river bed which cause flooding. Soil is also contaminated by oil leaks, sewage wastes and chemical runoffs. There are several more causes and effects of these three main types of pollution. It is essential to know the causes and come up with strategies of preventing these disasters. There are many ways in which we can prevent the air, water and soil pollution. For instance air pollution can be prevented by reducing the release of carbon dioxide and other harmful gases in the atmosphere. Water pollution can be prevented by making sure that no garbage is thrown into rivers and lakes. Soil pollution can be prevented by avoiding over fertilization and deforestation.