Anatomy Cardiovascular System Study Guide ____________________ C.’s 19,20,21 pages 638 - 767 Chapter 19 The Blood 1. Name pages 638 – 667 List the functions of the circulatory system. 2. Describe the Lymph system. What is its function? 3. Describe blood and its components. 4. What is the plasma? (pages 642 - 644) What does it contain? 5. What are the differences between albumins, globulins and fibrinogens? 6. Describe Red blood cells, their appearance, function, how they are produced, lifespan and how they are destroyed. 7. What is anemia, and sickle cell anemia?(pages 646 - 652) 8. What are white blood cells? do they develop? What is their function? How and where 9. What are platelets and how do they function in coagulation? 10. What are the four blood types? Genetically how are they caused? When and how does the Rh system affect people? (pages 662 – 665) 11. Write a summary of the history of blood transfusions. What were the main factors in final success?? 12. Discuss the importance of blood banks and the need for a steady and constant supply of blood. 13. How old do you need to be to donate blood? How much is donated?? How often can you donate?? 14. How is the purity and safety of the donated blood assured? 15. What is the importance of the Red Cross in the US blood bank system? B. 1. Chapter 20 The Heart (pages 670 - 697) What are the functions of the heart? 2. What is the pericardium? What are its functions? (page 672) 3. Describe the structure of the wall of the heart. 4. Describe the functions and locations of the four chambers of the heart. (page 674) 5. Trace the path of the flow of blood from the Right auricle to the body and back eventually to the Right auricle. ( a diagram works well here!) 6. Distinguish between the tricuspid and bicuspid valves of the heart. 7. How is the heart muscle itself supplied with blood? (page 682) 8. What is a Heart Attack? 9. What is balloon angioplasty and why is it used? What is the purpose of the stent? 10. How does the heart initiate and sustain its beat? (p. 684 - 686) 11. What are artificial pacemakers? What is their purpose? 12. What are ICD’s? What is their purpose? 13. In a Heart transplant what is replaced? When is this procedure used? 14. What is the cardiac cycle? What is the normal sound of the heart? Define stroke volume and cardiac output. What are they for a normal resting person? What is the cardiac reserve? 15. List several factors that can affect heart rate. What are tachycardia, brachycardia, arrhythmia and fibrillation.