C. 19-21 Study Guide [v6 - Mounds Park Academy Blogs

Cardiovascular System Study Guide
C.’s 19,20,21
pages 638 - 767
Chapter 19 The Blood
pages 638 – 667
List the functions of the circulatory system.
2. Describe the Lymph system. What is its function?
Describe blood and its components.
4. What is the plasma?
(pages 642 - 644)
What does it contain?
5. What are the differences between albumins, globulins and fibrinogens?
6. Describe Red blood cells, their appearance, function, how they are
produced, lifespan and how they are destroyed.
7. What is anemia, and sickle cell anemia?(pages 646 - 652)
8. What are white blood cells?
do they develop?
What is their function?
How and where
9. What are platelets and how do they function in coagulation?
What are the four blood types? Genetically how are they
caused? When and how does the Rh system affect people? (pages 662 –
11. Write a summary of the history of blood transfusions. What were the
main factors in final success??
12. Discuss the importance of blood banks and the need for a steady and
constant supply of blood.
13. How old do you need to be to donate blood? How much is donated?? How
often can you donate??
14. How is the purity and safety of the donated blood assured?
15. What is the importance of the Red Cross in the US blood bank system?
Chapter 20 The Heart (pages 670 - 697)
What are the functions of the heart?
What is the pericardium?
What are its functions? (page 672)
Describe the structure of the wall of the heart.
4. Describe the functions and locations of the four chambers of the
heart. (page 674)
5. Trace the path of the flow of blood from the Right auricle to the body
and back eventually to the Right auricle. ( a diagram works well here!)
Distinguish between the tricuspid and bicuspid valves of the heart.
7. How is the heart muscle itself supplied with blood? (page 682)
8. What is a Heart Attack?
9. What is balloon angioplasty and why is it used? What is the purpose
of the stent?
How does the heart initiate and sustain its beat? (p. 684 - 686)
What are artificial pacemakers? What is their purpose?
What are ICD’s? What is their purpose?
In a Heart transplant what is replaced? When is this procedure
What is the cardiac cycle? What is the normal sound of the
heart? Define stroke volume and cardiac output. What are they for a
normal resting person? What is the cardiac reserve?
15. List several factors that can affect heart rate. What are
tachycardia, brachycardia, arrhythmia and fibrillation.
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