ECO – 1ST SEMESTER FINAL REVIEW Things you will need to know: REFER TO YOUR BOOK, WORKSHEETS, AND YOUR NOTES! **Be able to define anything that is underlined. *Be up to date with current events and concepts discussed in class. 1.) Hurricanes: how to draw one including the eye, eye wall, spiral bands, categories, 2.) The Seven Steps of the Scientific Method: know the steps (Identifying the Problem, Gathering Information, Forming a Hypothesis, Constructing an Experiment, Gathering Data, Organizing and Analyzing Data, Stating a Conclusion). 3.) Section 2.3 – Environmental Science Know Parts of the environment including the definition of environment, biotic and abiotic factors. Also, know the term integrated science and how it applies to Ecology. Be able to understand and discuss the science of Ecology and the importance of this field in our world in terms of Environmental interactions. 4.) Section 3.3 – The Ecosystem Know and be able to define/give examples of an: Ecosystem , species, habitat, geographical range, population, community and biodiversity. 5.) Section 4.1, 4.2.- Roles of Living things Know the two things all Ecosystem do. Know how to draw/define and give examples of: trophic levels and a food web. Know the difference between a consumer and a producer. Know scavenger and decomposer. Know the difference between a primary, secondary and tertiary consumer. Know what the main source of energy for life on earth is. (The first law of thermodynamics – energy can’t be created nor destroyed or transferred). Understand how food webs work and the concept of biological magnification. 6.) Section 4.4 – Cycles of Matter Know the three major cycles of matter (water, carbon, nitrogen) and be prepared to draw at least one cycle in detail, knowing specific terminology about that cycle. Know and define evaporation, transpiration, photosynthesis, legumes, nitrogen fixing bacteria. Understand how producers get nitrogen. 7. ) Section 5.1/5.2 – Interaction in the Ecosystem Understand the concept of Niche and niche diversity. Be prepared to explain competition and competitive exclusion. Know the relationship between predator and prey as well as the importance of a keystone predator. Know the difference between a fundamental niche and a realized niche. Definitions and examples of adaptation, evolution, convergent vs. coevolution. Be able to explain how/why invasive species occur and the impacts. OZONE – ALL NOTES AND POWER POINTS CAN BE FOUND ON MY WEBSITE AT http://teachersites.schoolworld.com/webpages/RBrookhart/index.cfm OR – find the website through the DA website www.denveracademy.org and navigate to teacher pages. Lesson 1 – Know the Composition of Air. Define Pollutant, The Clean Air Act and the 6 criteria Air Pollutants… and the events that lead to enact this law. Know and explain what a primary and secondary pollutant are. Understand what the AQI is and how it is used (colors). Lesson 2 – Know the stratosphere and troposphere and the effects of ozone in each layer. Know the ground level ozone ingredients: Lesson 3/4 – Know the sources of Carbon (3). Know the natural and anthropogenic sources of each. Understand why places like Africa and S. America are unique in their emissions. Define Biomass and oxidation. Know the sources of methane (CH4). Lesson 5 – Understand VOC and how they are created. Understand in depth the natural sources of VOC ( and isoprenes/ monoterpenes) and why human VOC emissions effect our world. Lesson 6 – Understand NOx as a key component to O3 formation. Understand the Anthropogenic sources of NOx and the correlation with population (and exceptions – S. America, Africa). Understand the Natural Sources of NOx (main source – lightening ). How lightening contributes to NOx – (it has enough energy to break apart N2 and release an N radical and bind with O2 to form NO2. How fertilizers contribute to Nitrogen emissions. ** remember that oxygen we breathe is O2 – why?