Outline notes Social Studies
Big Idea: Historians and archaeologists study fossils, artifacts and written records to learn about the past.
Historians and archaeologists look for clues in written records and artifacts
Other sources of clues include legends and luck.
Clues from the Past
Looking for Clues- It’s like putting together a jigsaw puzzle
What Historians Do a.
History- the study of the past, both distant and recent b.
Historians are people that study history. They want to know how, when, where and why people did what they did. c.
Look at work, worship and free time.
Looking at written works a.
Primary Source- an account of an event created by someone who took part in or witnessed the event. Treaties, court records, diaries, letters, audio/video. If a historian writes an opinion about something that happened, it is a primary source. b.
Secondary Source- information gathered by someone who did not take part in or witness an event. Textbooks, encyclopedias- gather information from different sources.
What Archaeologists Do
Archaeology is the study of the past based on materials that people have left behind.
Archaeologists- look at what was left behind and use them as clues to see how people lived, worked, fought, hunted a.
Fossil- a part or imprint of something that was once alive. Bones, footprints b.
Artifacts- objects created and used by humans. Pottery, arrowheads, tools, coins, toys, jewelry.
B. Other Sources of Clues
A. Legends - Stories and legends-
1. King Arthur a story about how people may have lived.
2. Genghis Khan- a mighty conqueror and ruler in Mongolia
B. Luck- 1974 Chinese farmer digging a well found artifacts. See picture p. 8
REVIEW ACADEMIC VOCABULARY AND THE READING FOCUS QUESTIONS. ANSWER ASSESSMENT?’S