Name: Period: First Aid Unit Directions: Complete the following tasks then complete the section review questions provided following each task. You will be responsible for this information on the unit test. **For T/F questions, please bold the correct answer, then if false place the correct word directly behind the incorrect word in parenthesis** Task #1- Read Section: First Aid for Bleeding (p.760-762)/L1 PG 3-4 1. TRUE or FALSE Minor injuries can be treated at home. 2. TRUE or FALSE Severe bleeding may be considered life threatening. 3. TRUE or FALSE An open wound is when the skin is broken. 4. Match the type of wound to its description. 1) ____ Abrasion A. Scrape 2) ____ Laceration B. Small, deep hole 3) ____ Puncture C. Skin is partially torn away 4) ____ Avulsion D. Irregular cut made by an object 5. Explain how to control bleeding. Task #2- Read Section: First Aid for Burns (p. 762-763)/ L1 PG 5 1. Describe the difference between 1st, 2nd, and 3rd degree burns. THEN find a picture of each degree of burn and place it next to its description. 2. TRUE or FALSE Most burns are caused by cold. 3. TRUE or FALSE Putting butter on a burn will help it heal. 4. TRUE or FALSE 3rd Degree burns are the most common. 5. Describe the procedure for treating a minor burn. Name: Period: Task #3- Read Section: First Aid for Choking (p. 768-769)/L2 PG3 1. TRUE or FALSE Choking occurs when an object becomes stuck in a person’s throat, thus cutting off the flow of air. 2. TRUE or FALSE Abdominal Thrust are the same as the Heimlich Maneuver. 3. TRUE or FALSE If you are home alone and choking you can use abdominal thrust by simply using a ridged object instead. 4. Find/Insert a picture that correctly portrays the Universal Sign for Choking. 5. Identify 3 other signs for choking. 6. Explain how to use abdominal thrust on a choking adult. Task #4- Read Section: First Aid for Shock (p. 770)/ L2 PG 4 1. TRUE or FALSE Shock is a life threatening condition in which the heart is not delivering enough blood to the body. 2. TRUE or FALSE If someone is experiencing shock, it is important for you to help keep him/her calm. 3. TRUE or FALSE If a victim is in shock, monitor their heart rate/breathing rate, if either stop begin CPR immediately. 4. Identify 4 symptoms of shock. Name: Period: Task #5- Read Section: Responding to Muscle, Joint & Bone Injuries (p.771-773)/L3 PG 1-2 1. TRUE or FALSE A sprain and a strain are the same injury. 2. TRUE or FALSE A fracture is a dislocation in a bone. 3. TRUE or FALSE Certain muscle, joint, and bone injuries will require the body part to be immobilized- in order to immobilize the area a splint can be used. 4. If an individual experiences a muscle, bone, or joint injury, Emergency Medical Help (911) should be called immediately for what reasons. (Identify 5 reasons) 5. What is PRICES procedure? When should/could it be used? 6. Describe how to prevent shock. Task #6- Read Section: Responding to Unconsciousness (p. 773-774)/L3 PG3 1. TRUE or FALSE Unconsciousness is a state of not being alert or aware of the surroundings. 2. TRUE or FALSE Unconsciousness typically occurs with any major injury or illness. 3. TRUE or FALSE CPR should be performed on an unconscious individual who is not breathing. 4. TRUE or FALSE A concussion is a jarring injury to the brain. 5. Describe the recovery position? Insert a picture of this position. 6. If someone faints- what action should you take to help? 7. When should you not move an unconscious person? Name: Period: Task #7- Read Section: Responding to Other Common Emergencies (p. 774-777)/L3 PG3-4 ANIMAL BITES 1. TRUE or FALSE Animal bites can transmit serious diseases such as rabies. 2. TRUE or FALSE Animal bites should be treated like any other medical emergency. 3. TRUE or FALSE When dealing with injuries individuals should follow the basic safety procedures known as universal precautions to keep themselves safe. NOSEBLEED 1. Describe how to care for a nosebleed. BE SPECIFIC. POSIONING Match the term or question to the most appropriate term or fact. 1. ___ Poison A. Poisonous secretion from an animal 2. ___ Ways poison can enter the body B. 1,000 (2.5 million cases in U.S.) 3. ___ # of people of die from poisoning each year 5. ___ PCC Phone # C. Substance causing injury, illness or death when it enters the body D. 24/7 service that provides emergency medical advice to treat poison victims E. Call Poison Control Center or 911 6. ___ Venom F. Swallowing, Inhalation, Through Eyes & Skin 7. ___ First step in any case of suspected poisoning G. 1-800-222-1222 4. ___ Poison Control Center 8. What information does the center provide the individual who calls? 9. Why should one immediately wash his/her skin if they came in contact with a poisonous plant?