STUDY GUIDE for DC Fundamentals - Chapter 1 Introduction to Computers Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. ____ 1. The Web contains ____ of documents called Web pages. a. billions b. hundreds ____ 2. A(n) ____ is recorded audio stored on a Web site that can be downloaded to a computer or a portable media player. a. podcast b. videoconference ____ 3. An increasing number of employees and students are ____ users, who work on a computer while away from a main office or school. a. enterprise b. mobile ____ 4. ____ refers to the use of computers to assist with manufacturing processes such as fabrication and assembly. a. CAM b. CADD ____ 5. A(n) ____ computer is designed so the system unit, input devices, output devices, and any other devices fit entirely on or under a desk or table. a. mobile b. desktop ____ 6. ____ computers usually use a Macintosh operating system (Mac OS X). a. Apple b. PC ____ 7. A(n) ____ is a miniature image that represents a program, an instruction, or some other object. a. network b. icon ____ 8. ____ is the process of setting up software to work with a computer, printer, and other hardware components. a. Installing b. Running ____ 9. What is a worldwide collection of networks that connects millions of businesses, government agencies, educational institutions, and individuals/ a. Internet b. cellnet ____ 10. A(n) ____ includes any company with fewer than 50 employees, as well as the self-employed who work from home. a. power user b. small office/home office (SOHO) ____ 11. A(n) ____ is anyone who communicates with a computer or utilizes the information it generates. a. user b. developer ____ 12. ____ is a series of instructions that tells a computer what to do and how to do it. a. Software b. hardware ____ 13. A computer keeps data, instructions, and information on ____ media. a. communications b. storage ____ 14. With ____, users access account balances, pay bills, and copy monthly transactions from a bank’s computer right into their own computers. a. online banking b. investing ____ 15. With a ____, you interact with the software using text, graphics, and visual images. a. graphical user interface (GUI) b. voice oriented interface (VOI) ____ 16. ____ is a work arrangement in which employees work away from a company’s standard workplace and often communicate with the office through the computer. a. Telecommuting b. Teleprocessing ____ 17. A(n) ____ system is a set of programs that coordinates all the activities among computer hardware devices. a. utility b. operating ____ 18. People access ____ Web sites to file taxes, apply for permits and licenses, pay parking tickets, buy stamps, report crimes, apply for financial aid, and renew vehicle registrations and driver’s licenses. a. government b. finance ____ 19. A(n) ____ device is a computing device small enough to carry in a pocket. a. integrated b. mobile ____ 20. A ____ computer is a computer that can perform all of its input, processing, output, and storage activities by itself. a. mainframe b. personal ____ 21. When a computer connects to a network, it is ____. a. online b. off line ____ 22. A Web page can contain audio, video ____. a. text b. text and graphics ____ 23. ____ are the fastest, most powerful computers — and the most expensive. a. Embedded computers b. Supercomputers ____ 24. Many large companies use the words, ____ computing, to refer to the huge network of computers that meets their diverse computing needs. a. enterprise b. online ____ 25. Through ____, health-care professionals in separate locations conduct live conferences on computers. a. telemedicine b. nuclear medicine ____ 26. ____ consist(s) of a computer’s electronic components that store instructions waiting to be executed and data needed by those instructions. a. Memory b. Transmission media ____ 27. Computer ____ entails having knowledge and understanding of computers and their uses. a. literacy b. illiteracy ____ 28. A(n) ____ computer is a special-purpose computer that functions as a component in a larger product. a. embedded b. handheld ____ 29. A(n) ____ program is a type of system software that allows a user to perform maintenance-type tasks such as Norton Antivirus Protection software. a. utility b. embedded ____ 30. A(n) ____ is someone who develops software or writes coded instructions that direct the computer to process data into information. a. user b. programmer ____ 31. When a user starts a computer, portions of the ____ (of which Microsoft Windows) load into memory from the computer’s hard disk. a. operating system b. podcast ____ 32. A computer contains many electric, electronic, and mechanical components known as ____. a. hardware b. software ____ 33. A(n) ____ is an electronic device, operating under the control of instructions stored in its own memory, that can accept data, process the data according to specified rules, produce results, and store the results for future use. a. software application b. computer Matching Identify the letter of the choice that best matches the phrase or definition. a. microblog f. handheld computer b. instant message g. video message c. smart phone h. picture message d. text message i. game console e. digital camera j. netbook ____ 1. Twitter is an example ____ 2. A real-time Internet communication, where you exchange messages with other connected users ____ 3. A smaller, lighter version of a traditional notebook computer ____ 4. Another name for an Ultra-Mobile PC ____ 5. A short video clip sent to or from a smart phone or other mobile device ____ 6. A photo or other image sent to or from a smart phone or other mobile device ____ 7. A mobile computing device designed for single-player or multiplayer video games ____ 8. A device that allows users to take pictures and store the photographed images digitally ____ 9. A short note sent to or from a smart phone or other mobile device ____ 10. An Internet-enabled phone that usually also provides personal information management functions.